A sniper shot can not only hit the enemy, but also sow fear and panic in his ranks. Behind a single shot, there can be years of preparation and weeks of waiting for the right moment. Often, spending a long time in the wild and waiting for a goal, a sniper must possess not only all survival skills, but also the ability not to lose concentration at a critical moment. At such a moment, a lot depends on what kind of weapon is in his hands.
Modern sniper rifles sometimes they are real wonders of engineering and are capable of striking objects at a distance of more than two kilometers. We have selected for you 10 of the most famous sniper rifles – from those that helped at Stalingrad, to those that are used in modern special operations.
In 1931, the Mosin rifle became the first Soviet sniper rifle, having received the “sighting tube” of the Podolsk optical factory. The design subsequently underwent certain changes. The Trekhlineyka performed well at short and medium distances during the Second World War. Thus, in the Battle of Stalingrad, 98 snipers of the 13th Guards Rifle Division destroyed 3,879 German soldiers and officers.
An AIRF, or a large-caliber army sniper rifle, was developed in the USSR in the late 1980s. This 12-kilogram rifle can hit lightly armored and unarmored military equipment at a distance of up to a kilometer. You can even not speak about the defeat of a person – a bullet fired from this gun will fly one and a half kilometers at a speed of about 850 meters per second.
VSS, or Vintorez
This noiseless sniper rifle, or Rifle sniper special (BCC) developed at TsNIItochmash in the city of Klimovsk under the leadership of P. I. Serdyukov in the same 1980s as KAFP. It was intended for special units. The name “Vintorez” remained in use after its use in the design documentation.
Later, after the collapse of the USSR, Vintorez was actively used during the First and Second Chechen wars, as well as during the Georgian-Ossetian conflict. The length of the rifle does not reach 90 centimeters, and the mass is less than three kilograms.
After domestic samples, it’s time to go back to the USA, where in 1990 the Calico M951S rifle was developed, which perfectly hits targets at medium distances. Its features – a high rate of fire and extremely capacious store that can hold up to 100 rounds. That, however, is not surprising, because the model was created on the basis of the Calico M960 submachine gun.
(In fact, the sniper rifle Calico M951S does not exist, and its description is taken by the authors of the article from a computer game Warface, and the Calico M960 submachine gun never received further development – approx. Ed.)
Dragunov sniper rifle (SVD)
The Dragunov self-loading rifle is the best example of Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant products. This sniper gun was developed from 1958 to 1963 by a group of designers under the leadership of Evgeny Dragunov. Over the years, “Dragunov” has been modified several times and still a little bit old.
Currently, the SVD is considered as a high-quality, but regular rifle for the line fighter, who is a sniper in the unit. Nevertheless, at a distance of up to 600 meters, this is still a formidable weapon for the destruction of enemy personnel.
CheyTac m200 Intervention
CheyTac m200 “Intervention” – one of the components of the American sniper system CheyTac LRRS – available in various versions since 2001. This model is distinguished by its ability to hit targets at high distances (about 2 kilometers) with high accuracy. We can say that “Intervention” has become a real phenomenon in the world of computer shooters. So in the famous game “Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2” it is present as one of the most powerful weapons.
AMP Technical Services DSR-1
The German rifle DSR-1 can be called the most accurate, however, only when firing in ideal conditions – with the use of specialized cartridges and the absence of wind. It belongs to the police or anti-terrorism weapons and is used by European formations such as GSG-9. Professional military do not really complain about the DSR-1 – it is susceptible to mud and sand, and in real combat, for example, when an explosion occurred near, it misfires.
Accuracy International AS50
The AS50 was first demonstrated to the general public in January 2005 at ShotShow-2005 in the United States. 1369-mm gear weighs 14.1 kilograms without optics and cartridges and is intended mainly for special operations. A sniper can quickly fold or fold it and bring it to combat readiness.
The high accuracy of firing at long distances, the device for fastening various, including night optics make the AS50 one of the best modern samples of sniper rifles.
This rifle has an interesting creation story. M82 was assembled by American Ronnie Barrett in his garage back in 1982. After the failure of a number of leading weapon companies, he decided to launch small-scale production for the domestic market. After 7 years, the Swedish army buys 100 rifles from Barrett Firearms, and then the US Army pays attention to them during the operations “Desert Storm” and “Desert Shield”.
Today, the Barett M82 is in service with several dozen countries and can carry out aimed shooting at a distance of almost 2 km. The rifle is present in a number of well-known films and computer games up to GTA V, which once again confirms its authority.
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare
Another brainchild of the legendary English company Accuracy International Ltd., which has not known equal since 1980. Britain uses it for military purposes, and modified models are used by special forces and the police. However, in the civilian arms market, this rifle is positioned as a “sporting one” – for example, in Russia several years ago it could be bought in an arms shop for about $ 20,000.
From AWM, the furthest recorded sniper shot in history was fired – British soldier Craig Harrison fired at a distance of 2,475 meters.
The Cultural Footprint of this weapon can also claim a record – AWM is mentioned in a number of the most famous computer shooters, including Call of Duty, Battlefield, and, of course, Counter-Strike.