Herbaceous perennials and 200 cm high. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain triterpenoids, chromones, phytosterols, and phenolic acids, esters (Takahira et al., 1998a, b), and fatty acids established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action — hypotensive, sedative — Hopes. CS dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim., analgesic, antipyretic — Subtitle. CS heracleifolia Kom., C. foetida L., bracing, obstetrical — Subtitle. Part C. foetida, detoxification — S. heracleifolia. Indications — infections / infestations: with smallpox — Subtitle. Part C. dahurica, C. foetida, measles, diphtheria, anthrax, leprosy, hydatid cyst of the liver — Subtitle., oversight. Part C. foetida, abscesses — leaves S. foetida; disease of the reproductive system: the women's diseases, amenorrhea — C. simplex (DC.) Wormsk. ex Turcz., late toxicosis of pregnant women, pathological climax — Subtitle. CS dahurica; diseases of the nervous system: the nervous diseases — Hopes. Part C. dahurica, C. simplex; symptoms and syndromes: in fevers — Hopes. Part C. dahurica, Subtitle. CS foetida; diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension in pregnancy — Subtitle. CS dahurica; immune system disease: rheumatic — Hopes. CS dahurica; pain: for headache (Upur Khalmurad, launched 1992), dental pain, arthralgia, trauma: in wounds — the leaves, diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous adipose tissue: in diseases skin — Subtitle. h; tumors: in leukemia — Subtitle. CS foetida; diseases of the digestive system: the colitis — C. simplex.
In the experiment, the amount of triterpenoids C. dahurica, C. heracleifolia reduces cholesterol in the blood, has a lipid-lowering properties; infusion Subtitle. CS simplex has uterostimuliruyuschee action, C. dahurica exhibits antibacterial, S. foetida — antiviral activity, alcohol extract of seeds C. dahurica, C. simplex has antioxidant properties.
Toxicity. Toxic: S. foetida.
Melliferous. C. dahurica, C. simplex.
Stern. For sika deer: C. dahurica.
Environmental significance. Ornamental: C. dahurica, C. foetida, C. simplex.