Anyone who goes into the forest, must know how to behave in case of loss of orientation, because of this unfortunate situation is almost no one is safe, except that hereditary hunters — hunters, for which Taiga is the second house.
There are many cases when you lose orientation and wandered in the wilderness of the forest, even those who went to a lot of forest trails. Lose orientation, and easier to get lost, you can differently. It's one thing if it happened somewhere in a small suburban forest surrounded on all sides by familiar roads, fields, etc. In these circumstances, it is impossible to seriously lose it could be only a temporary loss of orientation, which is not facing a big trouble: in worst come out in the wrong place like stomped a few extra miles, that's about all the trouble. Quite a different matter when a man lost in a big forest, especially in the forest, where there are few roads, and villages are separated by tens of kilometers rugged, nothing like the woods near Moscow forest. In this case, can threaten not only the health, but also a lost life. How should do with loss of orientation in the big woods?
First of all do not have to rush from one side to another. This is unlikely to help the cause, but certainly lead to that get lost completely. Most often convinced of the loss of orientation when in the wrong direction is passed very short distances. This fact must use. In such a situation it is best to make a short break, during which the mind to settle down and try to recover the path traversed. Sometimes this is enough to remember how the error was made, and quickly return to the place where "skololsya" with the route. Returning with the route, it is necessary to make rail-seat center in the trees, you can leave notes in the form of branches nadlomannyh that in case of failure, you can come back and change direction, try again, several times if necessary. If you get back on track is still not possible, have to solve a difficult problem: where to go next. After counting all the "pros" and "cons" as dictated by the specific situation, choose a most suitable direction.
In case of loss of orientation in a large wooded area where it is difficult to guess how long to get out of the woods, you should go on without undue haste to save power. In addition, using local features, you should try to move right, because if you do not control your movement, you will always walk in circles. It has long been established that a normally developed person involuntarily doing step one foot slightly larger than the other, which leads eventually to move in a circle. Incidentally, the hare in this sense, our "close relative", he also runs around in circles in the forest, when he was being followed, and what are the hunters. In addition to local features, for linear movement in the forest, you can use a transistor with a ferrite antenna.
It is known that the best sound of the transmitting station when the ferrite antenna, and thus the entire transistor is turned perpendicular to it. Therefore, turning the transistor, we can find the direction of the transmitting station, for example, local. The only problem, which to some extent reduces the assistance of the transistor, is that it is very difficult to determine whether you are going in the direction of the station or in the opposite direction. Getting out of the woods, good idea to use a system of quarterly rides, which take place not only easier, but also more rational, because the clearing-direct, and in this case excluded zigzags. It is true that in your path clearing does not necessarily coincide with the previously selected direction of movement. On the contrary, it is — can be even perpendicular. In this case, the best time to give up on the direction in which to move and turn the clearing to find the quarter pole, which is known to cross two cuttings or clearing the road, river, etc.
The intersection of rides you can not only ascertain the quarterly column side of the horizon, but, most importantly, choose one of the rides, little coinciding with the previously chosen direction, and continue on it. Turning into the clearing, searching quarterly column, you can not wrestle with where to go, left or right. In any case, the quarterly Glade will post quarterly. However, going along the track quite a bit, you can set which side of the quarterly post closer. Sometimes it is appropriate time to turn in the opposite direction. Determine to what pole closer to the low stakes (50 -70 cm), forest managers are set in the middle of the clearing when measured. These pegs are placed every 100 or 200 meters Number of hundred meters separating the peg of the quarter pole, marked on the surface of the peg in stesannoy — as horizontal notches. For example, if two notches on a peg, so to post 200 yards, four 400 yards, etc. 500 m denote a skew notch. At the end of the peg is placed kilometer height about 80 cm, in which the number of metered kilometers written in Arabic numerals painted. It should be borne in mind that stesannoy surface on which hack or write the number of kilometers, the pegs are turned towards the quarter of the column from which the survey was conducted clearing. Walking along the track, you can find some kind of heath, moor, cutting, rich young, etc. In this case, you have to be very attentive to the transition area without clearing the forest not to lose, especially if it is not very wide.
Big success for lost in an unfamiliar area can be encountered on the way any way. After all, either way, is known to start in the village, and in that case, when there is only one task is to get out of the forest at all costs, it is safe to turn off the road, though, and do not know where it leads. Out on the road, just to establish to what side is the town is almost impossible. Therefore, with the same success can go left or right. But even during the traffic on the road may be possible in some respects to determine whether the road to the village or from it. What are the signs? First of all, the road fork. In most cases, forest road forks on the way from the village, and, conversely, converge at the approach to it. However, sometimes the road forks, and the approach to the village, but this is usually the case in the immediate vicinity. In this case, one road usually leads to one end of a large village, and the second in another. By studying the way, we can see that the closer to the village, to the village, and so on it, even if only slightly, but it becomes more widespread, well-trodden.
In areas where there existed or logging companies, logging enterprises, often has special logging roads. According to him, as you know, is not bringing in wood logs, and the entire trunk with boughs or without them. Along such roads. Loggers can find lost whips. Their position can help determine which side town: lumps lying by the side whip turned towards the village-whips loaded on Forestry car, butt forward. In these areas you can sometimes find the logging roads, not waiting when you stumble on it by accident. If you try to get out of the forest plot will fall to cut trees, you need to go to the edge of her long, until a forest roads, which were taken to cut down this forest. Many plots have been developed in the winter, and look for a dirt road in this case is almost impossible. The fact is that in the winter, as a rule, develop plots in forest and wetland to remove harvested timber, build a snowy or icy roads, so-called "winter roads". These seasonal roads often pass over frozen swamps. So you should not worry if you met a section of road stretching into the swamp. This is the former winter forest roads. Go for it, of course, difficult, but it is expensive! Stay on it is almost impossible, because its boundaries visible in the snow-free period quite well.
It may happen that by the end of the day will not be able to get out of the woods. Is about to start to darken and clarity where you are, no. In my head, in such cases begin to climb the darkest thoughts. It seems that this forest will be no end in sight. But do not despair. Better until finally it gets dark, look for a suitable place to sleep, get firewood, water, tea and try to have a good rest for the night, because walking through the woods at night is not only extremely exhausting, but also dangerous: you can easily get injured. A place to stay as far as possible to choose a dry, away from dead and damaged trees that are dangerous in respect of the wind.
When a thunderstorm is refuge to be found in a place where there are no high, lonely standing trees that are most often struck by lightning. Anyone who is lost in the woods in winter and tired to exhaustion or taken a strong blizzard and can not move on, remember that sleep on. snow without a fire almost always leads to loss of life. Once in this state, you can not relax in any case can not allow myself to fall asleep.
It is known that people are tired, down in the snow and closed his eyes, feels almost blissful, warm and even cozy. But all this is a false sense of their dreams standing on the edge of the loss of life. Saved in this situation can only be a good spreading fire or mobilizing the power of will to further movement. Move, move, not allowing myself to doze off for a minute!
It is well known that we are not left without help people in distress, and if someone does not come back from the woods, be sure to organize the search. The success of search groups depends on the assistance that can and should assist them myself straying people. What does that mean? First of all you should try to keep on his way to prominence, some evidence, for example, notes, rail-seat center in the trees with inscriptions, small personal items. Can be cut with a knife or an ax on a tree trunk initial and date, and at the bottom under the tree branches to lay out an arrow indicating the direction of further development. Well at this point to make some zatesok on neighboring trees to attract the attention of the search team.
If you walk through the forest was delayed and there is confidence that the search is already under way, you have to stay in the high places, with the obligatory campfire. In this day should create a smoke alarm, the fire throwing branches of deciduous trees, rotten wood, litter. Hearing the sound of an airplane, you should immediately enhance the signal (smoke and fire), using all available means.