Kalina forked

Shrub to 2, less than 4 m in height, with a fork vetvleniem.Gladkie reddish or grayish-brown branches upward. Young shoots are yellow with stellate hairs. Thin okrugloyaytsevidnye leaves obtuse or narrowed in short cusp at the base neglubokoserdtsevidnye. Leaf margins nekrupnozubchaty. Top leaves are dark yellowish-green, bottom light, with very prominent veins in autumn become purple-crimson color. As a young man leaves entirely voylochnoopusheinye.

Blooms in late May — June. Sophisticated, umbellate inflorescences panicles reach 8-10 cm in diameter. Outer flowers are white, large (1-3 cm in diameter) that do not produce seeds. In the middle of a lot of small panicles of flowers 7-8 mm in diameter. ,

Fruits are oblong, ovate-elliptic, 8-11 mm long, fleshy, at first bright red, then blue-black, with one stone; avguste.Rasprostranena ripen in southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands (Kunashir, Iturup), and outside of Russia Koree.Vstrechaetsya in Japan and on the mountain slopes in the undergrowth of coniferous and mixed forests, forest edges. Rises quite high in the mountains, going to the mountain forests of stone birch. Well and abundantly developed in shrub thickets, clearings and burns. Decorative and worthy of use in gardens and parks.

Kalina Gordovina

Occurs on edges and clearings of deciduous forests, thickets, often on limestone in the western part of Ukraine, in the Crimea and the Caucasus, where comes in the subalpine zone, is also growing in Europe and Asia Minor.

Tall shrub with gray fissured bark and thin shoots, from grayish tomentose pubescence. Sometimes the little tree grows up to 5 m in height. The leaves are opposite, oval or ovate, cordate, dark green, wrinkled, gray on the back side of a thick, almost tomentose pubescence, margin denticulate.

In May, on the tops of the shoots appear large zontikoobraznye, usually 7-ray, white blossoms. Flowering lasts sometimes for a month. Flat elliptical fruits begin to ripen in August. First they turn red, then become shiny black.

One of the best ornamental shrubs. It has long been cultivated in gardens and parks. Suitable for agroforestry plantings.

Kalina Bureinskaya

Highly branched spreading shrub or small tree 1.5-4.5 m tall, with gray or dark gray-prodolnotreschi Novato trunk up to 7 cm in diameter and bare light yellowish-gray branches. Young shoots and buds pubescent. Leaves petiolate, elliptic, sometimes ovate, 3.5 — 7.5 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, apex acute, sharp-toothed edge. Leaf blades are dark green above, with a few hairs, beneath bright, densely hairy along the veins. In May — June umbellate appear thick white or yellowish-white panicles. Elongated black shiny fruits 1 cm length with one stone, ripen in August — September.

Prevalent in the Far East in the Primorsky Territory and in the middle reaches of the Amur river to river. Storm, and outside Russia in northeast China and north Korea. It grows on the edges of clearings and mixed forests, on rocky slopes covered with shrubs.

Kalina Wright

Small pryamostvolnoe gustovetvistoe tree, sometimes a shrub. Branches upward. The bark is smooth, gray-brown. Young shoots are thin, bare or with a few hairs. The leaves are almost round or broadly obovate, 6-14 cm long, at the top tapering to thin cuspid, at base rounded or shirokoklinovidnye. Leaf margins recess Chato-toothed, upper leaf blade bright green, with a few hairs, below light green, pubescent on veins and a beard hair in the corners of the veins.

Blooms in late June — July. Inflorescence — not big five-spoke panicles. The flowers are white, 5-7 mm in diameter. Bright red juicy, almost round drupe about 1 cm in diameter, ripen in September — October.

It grows in the southern part of Sakhalin, the southern Kuril Islands, Japan, Korea, the undergrowth mixed, coniferous and deciduous forests, mainly in the mountains.

Viburnum opulus

It grows almost everywhere in Europe (except in the far north), the Caucasus, Western Siberia and Central Asia. Included in the undergrowth, growing on forest edges in good moist places.

Tall, branching shrub. Shoots covered gray bark with longitudinal cracks. Leaves usually 3-lobed, dark green, rounded or obovate, opposite, often pubescent below, grayish-green. Blooms in late May — early June. The flowers are white, gathered in loose umbellate panicles. Flat outer flowers, seeds do not give, central korotkokolokolchatye. Red juicy round fruit with a stone fruit in September. The fruits contain a significant amount of valeric acid, bitter.

Kalina decorative, almost no damage industrial gases and does not suffer from the smoke, but, unfortunately, very little used in landscaping. Good soil protection bush. The bark is medicinal raw material, as it contains glucose, viburnin, tannins, resins, salts of valeric, formic acid, caprylic acid and other substances. Harvested in the spring.

Kalina lavrolistnaya

It grows naturally in South-Eastern Europe and in North Africa. Widespread in the culture of the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and Crimea. Found in the Caucasus.

Evergreen shrub. Glabrous or slightly hairy stems covered with leathery shiny elliptical or ovate leaves with pointed tip and okrugloklinovidnym base. It flowers from March to May, with white and pink fragrant flowers in umbellate panicles. Pink buds are laid in the fall and winter decorate bushes. The fruits are ovoid, black with a metallic luster, dryish, ripen in August — September.

Undemanding about soil, tolerates drought and grows well in shaded areas, although there is less intense blooms. Widely used in landscaping. In parks, gardens, squares of viburnum are continuously flowering ornamental group, planted it, and a single instance. Gorgeous hair cut, so good for hedges. .

Viburnum opulus sterile, buldenezh, snowball

Is a sterile form of the common cranberry (has only sterile flowers, forming a large white spherical inflorescences). Blooms in the middle lane at the end of May — in June for 15-20 days. Initially blossoms painted in green color, and then gradually fade away. Fruit are formed. Very decorative, especially stam spectacular form.

Distributed throughout Russia, except the far north.

Добавить комментарий

Tags: , , , , , ,

Site "Survival in the wild nature", glad to see you. If you come to us, it means you want to get complete information about survival in a variety of extreme conditions, in emergency situations. Man, throughout the development, sought to preserve and protect themselves from the various negative factors surrounding it - cold, heat, hunger, dangerous animals and insects.

Site structure "Survival in the wild nature" is simple and logical, selecting a specific section, you will find information. You will find on our website recommendations and practical advice on survival, unique descriptions and pictures of animals and plants, turn-based scheme to trap wild animals, tests and reviews of travel gear, rare books on survival and wildlife. The site also has a large section devoted to video on survival survivalist-known professionals around the world.

The main theme of the site, "Survival in the wild nature" - is to be ready to be in the wild, and the ability to survive in extreme conditions.

The Survival in the wild nature - how correctly to behave, it having appeared in an emergency situation. Ability to find a way out from any situation: to kindle a fire, to put traps, to prepare food, to arrange dwelling and a lodging for the night; to learn to knit knots, to clear water, to be guided by districts, correctly to choose equipment, a knife. Also you can download directories to tourists, encyclopedias survivals, video Bear Grills to Survive at any cost (Man vs. Wild).