Alkaloids - nitrogen-containing organic compounds are the main character, natural, usually of plant origin. Alkaloids are physiologically active, toxic, but in certain doses (in the form of salts) are widely used as drugs, such as nicotine, atropine, quinine, papaverine, morphine, codeine, strychnine, caffeine. Alkaloid poisoning symptoms and first aid - see Poisoning.
Alkaloids (from the Arabic al-kali-plant ash, alkali and Greek. Eidos-type) - nitrogen-containing organic compounds of natural (often vegetable) origin main character. A. have a high physiological activity and are widely used as Read more [...]
Malnutrition - a disease caused by prolonged starvation or lack of calories and protein poor diet, do not correspond to the energy expenditure of the body. Contribute to the development of malnutrition cold, high physical activity and emotional stress. Pathogenesis of malnutrition complicated. When malnutrition body uses mainly its fat reserves, reduces the reserves of glycogen in the liver and muscles. In the future, the body spends its own proteins. Muscular atrophy, internal organs, endocrine glands. In the later stages of the disease symptoms of vitamin A deficiency are attached. Subjective Read more [...]
Alalia - the absence or underdevelopment of speech in children with normal hearing. The reason alalia is to engage speech centers of the brain as a result of violations of fetal development, or injury and brain diseases suffered by children under one year, that is until the speech. By that alalia different from aphasia, which breaks the already existing language. Distinguish between motor and sensory Alale. When motor alalia child says (makes only inarticulate sounds), but to understand speech may continue, with the touch alalia child understood what was said to him.
Children suffering Alale, Read more [...]
Obstetrics - a branch of medicine dealing with the study of physiological and pathological processes in the body of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Obstetrics as a clinical discipline consists of the following sections: physiology and pathology of pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period, physiology and pathology neonatal surgical obstetrics. Closely related to obstetrics gynecology.
Emergency care for obstetric pathology
Section of the website devoted to the most common form of obstetric pathology, diagnosis and emergency medical care. Shall include such Read more [...]
short stop tour. Group in campaign for recreation, dinner, providing honey. assistance, etc. When moving, the PP are usually fine (depending on the difficulty of the state transitions and the band) of 5 to 20 minutes after 30 - 50 minutes (small AP) AP duration for lunch from 30 minutes to 2 - 3
h (large, or dining, PA), while P. tourists hiking record observations made repair of clothes and equipment, conduct further exploration of ways and so on place P. selected according to a comfortable and secure placement of close to drinking water sources, viewing points, etc. See also Bivouac. Read more [...]
Great importance in obstetrics has study pelvis, normal in size and structure of which have an important influence on the course of labor. To determine the size of the pelvis pregnant asked to lie down on the couch on her back. Tazomera take the ends of the jaws tips of three fingers (thumb, index and middle) so that you can simultaneously palpate the point, which puts the jaws tazomera. When measuring the distance between the anterior superior iliac awns (distantia spinarum) Brancheau buttons should be placed on the outer surface of the spine (Fig. 10) is normal, this size is 25-26 cm in the Read more [...]
Obstetrical research - Methods of examination of women during pregnancy and childbirth for the detection and evaluation of their course. Obstetrical research includes clinical global (inspection, palpation, auscultation), laboratory (blood, urine, etc.), as well as special obstetrical examination.
Obstetrical research begin with a survey of pregnant or mothers. Find out the age of the woman (marked increase in the incidence of complications in the very young and first-time mothers over 30 years old) than she was ill before pregnancy. It is particularly important to establish whether there was Read more [...]
RideOn Telegraph SystemsRideOn Cablegram Systems Picture: PanelW. L. Panel & Associates, the makers of Gore-Tex, likewise plays in the bike-parts place, and many CX racers curse by cycle cablesets ilk the party's RideOn Plastered Low Clash organization. The grease, scatter, mud and gumption of a 'hybridisation grade reeks mayhem on cycle cables. This arrangement, which costs $130 for both sack and bracken sets, seals your motorcycle cables with a lining that fits privileged the caparison. They can invite themselves because they can conclusion a harden or two alternatively Read more [...]
Away Always SINCE THE FOX Net's Who Wants to Wed a Multi-Millionaire? airy end February, the media suffer been atwitter ended the morality of realism TV. Master handwringers began colliding in their stampede to objurgate the ruse and Darwinian ruthlessness of shows same Subsister. "Has telly befuddled its brain?" the Washington Billet whined, adding another gem to about Read more [...]
Instruments used in obstetric and gynecologic practice.
Vaginal speculum is used for inspection of the vagina, its vaults, the vaginal portion of the cervix, as well as the manufacture of certain medical manipulations and vaginal operations. On the device are divided into vaginal mirror spoon shaped (fluted) and gate valves. Both come in different sizes (length and width). Vaginal speculum fluted bilateral (mirror Sims Fig. 1) is used for pelvic exam, unilateral (mirrors Doyen, Fig. 2) - the examination and vaginal surgery. In these cases, use and vaginal mirror-lifts (Fig. 3). Leaf vaginal Read more [...]
'Forceps"- The code name of the fruit extraction operation with the imposition of the presenting part pliers.
In the Soviet Union, the most common model of forceps Snmpsona - Fenomenova (see obstetrical instruments).
Testimony. Forceps is shown when a rapid end to the birth mother or the interests of the fetus, often both of them (threatening asphyxia, uterine inertia in the period of exile, eclampsia, off any attempts at heart defects and other conditions for the operation: adequate size of the pelvis (the true conjugate of at least 8 cm) full disclosure of uterine mouth, motionless, Read more [...]
Midwife (from the French. Accoucher - assisting with childbirth) - paramedic with secondary medical education, which is responsible for helping pregnant mothers during labor, childbirth and neonatal care.
In the maternity institutions (maternity, antenatal clinics, midwife points), working directly under the guidance of physicians, midwives alone has the right to perform medical manipulation within the limits authorized by the rights and responsibilities of midwives, approved by the Ministry of Health.
The duties also include nursing midwife (visit and follow-up home pregnant women and mothers Read more [...]
Actinomycin - Antibiotics cytostatic effect produced by certain species of ray fungi. There are more than 100 products in this group. The most widely olivomycins (see), hrizomallin (see) used in the treatment of certain cancers and diseases of the hematopoietic system. Usually actinomycin injected; may be administered within the cavity directly into the tumor tissue, as well as applied externally.
With some actinomycin possible complications in the form of fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, education, erythema and ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth, stomatitis, gingivitis, Read more [...]
Actinomycosis - a disease that develops when released into the tissues and organs of the actinomycete and characterized by the appearance mostly in the neck and facial area, mouth, lungs, abdominal organs dense infiltrates, usually opened with the formation of fistulas with a specific kroshkovatym discharge. The man is relatively rare. Among the animals actinomycosis observed in cattle, sometimes in pigs.
Etiology. Causative agents of actinomycosis are actinomycetes (Streptomyces), widely distributed in nature. Main place of their habitat - soil, plants, grass awns, etc. According to their Read more [...]
Away Offset CBS Stone-broke MY Ticker. So CBS loaded me off.On October 9, I open my cockcrow report to learn an challenging headline: "Subsist This." The storey told how a manufacturer named Cross Burnett was soliciting applicants for a "reality-based" amusement around masses cooperating, or not, in their bespeak to match the rigors of precivilized biography on an uninhabited tropic island. The Read more [...]
Absorbent carbon (Carbo activatus; synonym carbol) - coal animal or vegetable origin. Activated coal is used as an absorbent agent in food poisoning, poisoning by heavy metal salts, alkaloids and other substances (20 - 30 g per reception in suspension in the water), as well as gastro-intestinal diseases involving flatulence (by 0.5-2 g 3 times a day). Product: granules or tablets containing 0.5 g of carbon.
Absorbent carbon (Carbo activatus) - animal or vegetable coal, has a high adsorption capacity. Absorbs gases, vapors and solutes. Applicable in cases of poisoning by acid, basic and neutral Read more [...]
The role of various hormones in allergy undeniable (thyroid hormones, pituitary, ovary, adrenal glands, etc.). Opening of the first properties of ACTH (a pituitary hormone kortikotropnogo) followed cortisone was an important step in the treatment of allergic diseases.
Indirect effect of ACTH, it controls the secretion of cortisone and hydrocortisone - hormones of the adrenal cortex.
It should be noted that the effect of these hormones is not specific; amelioration of allergic diseases depends on a strong anti-inflammatory action of these drugs.
At allergic diseases glikokortikoidy prevent the Read more [...]
Young SIRF feared nobody. And whom to fear if nature has given this large forest fly-zhurchalku unusual dress! If what the artist put SIRF near feisty wasp, and looking at her, held a small brush on a black body flies bright yellow stripes, exactly the same as that of a wasp. SIRF, completely defenseless, did not have to hide from the sharp beaks of birds, and of the terrible jaws of predators, dragonflies. Noticeable even from a distance black and yellow pattern, as if copied from zhalonosnoy wasps baffled every lover eat insects. And wasps in the woods all feared: who has ever experienced Read more [...]
During the filling of vials rectum stool occurs reflex contraction of the muscle membrane direct and sigmoid colon and relaxation of the internal sphincter. During defecation occurs external sphincter relaxation and contraction of the muscle that raises the rectum. In this case, rectum tends to rise towards the movement of stool. While reducing your abdominal muscles, diaphragm, which increases intra-abdominal pressure. At a time when run defecation impossible, the outer sphincter tightly closed and the urge to defecate gradually fade. They reappear at regular intervals and more force until Read more [...]