Biennial, sometimes perennial herbaceous plant from 50 to 160 cm, with spindle-shaped root. Stems are erect, ribbed, branched, like all plants, hairy tiny grayish stellate hairs. The leaves are ovate to oblong-lanceolate, basal and lower stem with short petioles, mid and high-seat, beneath densely pubescent, obtuse or acute, crenate on the edge. The flowers are collected in bundles of 2-7, which at the tips of stems form a branched inflorescence-pyramidal panicles. Calyx deeply dissected into five triangular-lanceolate lobes. Corolla yellow, with a diameter of 2 cm, rotate, slightly irregular, petals with transparent dots. Filaments pubescent with white hairs, anthers reniform, orange. Fruits – elliptical boxes. Flowering May to September, the fruit ripens in June and sentyabre.Pochti entire range of the species is in Europe, but in the east it comes to the Caucasus. In Russia in the European part and the south-west of Western Siberia. In Central Russia grows in almost all areas, except the northern and north-western.
In the black earth belt is a fairly common species of the steppes, dry meadows, edges of fields and roads. In Nechernozemie less common, mainly in the valleys of major rivers and along the roads as an introduction.
Throughout Central chernozem zone of Russia (and the north as an introduction) grows in steppes, steppe shrub thickets, on limestone, at railway embankments, purple mullein – perennial 30-70 cm tall, with erect slender stems. Leaves him almost all basal, oblong-ovate or subcordate, with long petioles. Flowers on long stalks, gathered at the top of the stalk in a loose inflorescence-brush. Corolla purple, 2.5-3 cm diameter flowers in May and July, the fruits ripen in June-August.
In the southern regions of Central Russia and the Volga regions occasionally found a similar kind – Mullein rusty-red to light red rim.