Biennials or herbaceous perennials, 40-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and the Far East.
Triterpenoid saponins contain up to 5.5% in the underground. h S. europaea L, flavonoids, nitrogen Comm., as well as phenolic n fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.4% NZ Subtitle. hours and fixed oil to 25.2% of the fruits S. chinensis Bunge. Coumarins found up to 0.1% in the underground. h S. chinensis, polnatsetilenovye Comm., vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action – hemostatic, wound healing – Subtitle., Oversight. h S. chinensis, leaves S. europaea, diaphoretic – leaves, flowers of S. europaea. Indications – diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system – Supervision. h S. chinensis, diarrhea – the leaves, the flowers of S. europaea; kidney and urinary tract: with hematuria, anuria – leaves, flowers, infections / infestations, dysentery, tuberculosis of the lungs – leaves, flowers, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism – leaves, flowers, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: at paronychia, skin diseases – leaves; tumors: in leukemia – leaves, flowers, S. europaea; oral disease: with stomatitis – Subtitle. and oversight. hours, diseases of the reproductive system: menorrhagia, diseases of the respiratory system: the respiratory diseases – Hopes. h S. chinensis.
In the experiment, leaves S. europaea exhibit antiviral activity against influenza virus (Turan, Nagata, Kuru, 1996), saponins leaves – antibacterial and antifungal; extract oversight. including active against HIV – the virus (AIDS) (Arda et al., 1997).