Biennials or herbaceous perennials, 40-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and the Far East.

Triterpenoid saponins contain up to 5.5% in the underground. h S. europaea L, flavonoids, nitrogen Comm., as well as phenolic n fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil to 0.4% NZ Subtitle. hours and fixed oil to 25.2% of the fruits S. chinensis Bunge. Coumarins found up to 0.1% in the underground. h S. chinensis, polnatsetilenovye Comm., vitamin C.

Medicinal. Therapeutic action — hemostatic, wound healing — Subtitle., Oversight. h S. chinensis, leaves S. europaea, diaphoretic — leaves, flowers of S. europaea. Indications — diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system — Supervision. h S. chinensis, diarrhea — the leaves, the flowers of S. europaea; kidney and urinary tract: with hematuria, anuria — leaves, flowers, infections / infestations, dysentery, tuberculosis of the lungs — leaves, flowers, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism — leaves, flowers, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: at paronychia, skin diseases — leaves; tumors: in leukemia — leaves, flowers, S. europaea; oral disease: with stomatitis — Subtitle. and oversight. hours, diseases of the reproductive system: menorrhagia, diseases of the respiratory system: the respiratory diseases — Hopes. h S. chinensis.

In the experiment, leaves S. europaea exhibit antiviral activity against influenza virus (Turan, Nagata, Kuru, 1996), saponins leaves — antibacterial and antifungal; extract oversight. including active against HIV — the virus (AIDS) (Arda et al., 1997).

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