Types of tents to the destination.
The starting point in choosing a tent is its purpose. I would point out a few basic classes:
— Tents for tourism of the ordinary — a tent for tourist rallies and marches weekend — tents for trailering (camping) — tents for winter and extreme hiking — tents "special purpose."
Our goal — to select tent just for tourism "Normal difficulty", so describe the other only in passing. Tents tursletov and PVD — is the so-called tent old type — dvuhskatki with awning. It is a simple tent, which are still in demand due to its price. Ridge tent for 30-50% cheaper simple frame. Their main drawbacks: the complexity of installation, high requirements to the installation, low wind resistance. This makes the use of tents for tourism is not very comfortable, but reasonable for a tourist gatherings, fishing and other outdoor pursuits, except trailering.
Tents for caravanning or camping, is more comfortable: high "ceilings", spacious lobbies, modern fabrics, often a good frame. These tents can easily find in the catalog for the column "weight." If you see a tent weighing 7, 10, and even 12 kg — this camping option. A tourist who has a tent in a backpack, and a backpack on his back, have the luxury of not. And if I could, then I would not — these tents are not designed to fight the elements, which is a no-no, and check our brother tourist strength.
Tents for the winter and extreme — this special case. Solid frame, full windshield, high wind resistance, more expensive materials, and as a consequence — the high price. This tent for professionals, and they are without our advice, know how to choose a tent. So let's move on to the next type — "special purpose tents." They assign tents for winter fishing (without a bottom), climbing suspension structures, funny gauze products for tropical and other exotics. All this is highly specialized products are not designed for "tourism Normal difficulty."
Structural types of tents.
Now back to the main topic: Choosing a tent for tourism. Let's start with the most common issues. Tents come in single-layer and double-layer. In the two-layer — the inner tent is made of breathable, but the material gets wet, and the external, which is often called simply "tilt" of waterproof and wind. It is the most successful design to date, providing much greater comfort than single tent. What is the lack of single-layer? Nochuyuschy tourist loses heat to the environment of your heart, that is, the air inside the tent. Outside, however, the air is cold. As a result of condensation on the tent, which runs down the walls, just where is the tourist. A well made "dvuhsloyke", in which the inner tent also provides ventilation, condensation is formed mainly in the tent. So when he runs on it down, it is outside the tent. Tourist stays dry and cheerful, even during sleep. In general, single-walled tent — version problem, although there are two layers to certain questions.
First — What form should the tent? In fact, our manufacturers have a large number of tents of various shapes, and tell which one is optimal is difficult, although some of what features can be noted. Thus, the most common types of tents in the form it is:
Tents of the hemisphere with a tent and without.
— Hemisphere, including additional arc (or arcs), or consoles. As a rule, the arc is formed on a top cross. It is quite resistant to the wind of equal design. Besides cute looks. — Flip. In this form of tents arc run parallel to each other. The shape is beautiful, but much more sensitive to the statement (in general need more guys (than in the hemisphere), that must be fixed), and they are sensitive to the wind direction. Once in western Kazakhstan on the bare steppe central arc of our flip literally launched into a strong wind. The main advantage — greater internal volume and better habitability. — "Coffins." It's pretty good and comfortable style tents. No, they are not made of wood, and of the same materials as the previous ones. The difference in the location of the arcs. Two arcs are placed parallel to each other, and then crossed at two points and secured. It turns tent elongated rather high and pretty. — "Exotic". There are stalls of exotic forms, while "exotic" is more typical of the tents, designed to estrogen. For example, the "exotic" can be considered a tent on a 4 bearing arcs — a form of words can not describe, but the wind is holding strong.
We ask the question, and what constructive type optimal for a particular method of operation? Clear answer to this question, for example, that the scope is better for mountain hikes, and flip on water — no, especially since there are multiple versions of all of these species. We can only note trends. "Hemispheres" is more universal. This form may be as "cool" for difficult hiking tents, and simple "no complaints." This form of many advantages and few disadvantages. "Coffin" — great tent for hiking alone or together. They often have a very low weight and small size when folded. Flip — Beautiful tents, but they need to "understand" and they are a bit fussy to install, but obespetsivayut more living space.
Tents and comfort.
In the difficult task of choosing a tent initial premises are the number of people who can sleep in a tent, as well as their demands for comfort. As the numbers that can be analyzed at the same time, we take the width of the bottom of the inner tent. All of his notion of comfort, but:
· If the tent for one person devotes less than 45-50 cm — is restricted. Incidentally hiking mats that we put on the floor, usually have a width of 50 and 60 cm, and well, when they are placed on the bottom completely and without gaps. Tents "malokomfortnye" can be recommended for people with sporting interests, but also for the winter: the more "compressed" the people in the tent, the warmer it will be. · If the tent devotes about 50 — 65 cm "on the nose" — call it "normal conditions." In a tent, you can lie without touching each other with their elbows. · All that is more — it is a luxury, though, and 65 cm — is already too much.
It should be noted that the more people designed tent, the less falls on one person. For example, the difference in width between the bottom of the "Quartet" and five "may be only 30 cm And the figures in general hold for 2 to 3 local tents.
Now, armed with "knowledge of comfort", you can read a different passport tents that says the manufacturer. Example. In St. Petersburg a solid manufacturer of tents "N", there are two models of "A2" (2-3 places on the passport) and "A3" (3 places). The first has a width of 150 cm, 180 cm, the second, and the difference in the West 500 grams. So decide, depending on what is important to you, give each person a further 10 cm wide, or to save a pound of weight? I personally have always guided by the number "50", and I was quite comfortable.
Lobbies and entrances
"It's nice in the vestibule to cook on a primus stove …"
Once we have decided on the size of the tent, we turn to the question of the lobbies and entrances. Tambour, in fact, a very important element of the design. Here you can arrange storage of things to take off wet clothes, in order to prevent moisture inside, nice in the vestibule to cook on a primus stove … In short vestibule should be. Input is also an element is not superfluous, and he also needs to be. If the tent is designed for one or two people, only one entrance and vestibule. If you have to live in a tent three or more people — two inputs significantly easier one, with the exception of projects of tents, sleeping when tourists head (down) to the entrance. Once we have decided on the number of inputs and vestibules, we need to consider their design.
So the lobby — a space at the entrance between the inner tent and awning. If you do not use additional "tweaks" that lobby the tents get small. It can not stand. If you add things to it, it is very little space, and yet you have to go through it! Therefore, manufacturers and do the same "tricks". For example, put a tent extra console, or even a separate arc. Lobby is comfortable and spacious, but the tent putting on weight. However, if you can afford a little "extra" weight — comfortable lobby is worth it. Only on what is necessary to pay attention — to mount an awning and arcs. Free-standing arc stretching — is not an option for the strong winds. If you suspect that you can get into a strong storm nepogozhim the October of days, you have to take the tent and vestibule where the arc is the intersection with the main frame and the attachment to the inside of the tent. Another caveat — the tents "polubochek" enjoy spacious vestibule, even without the extra "tricks".
Now look at the entrance. It should be zipped (different buttons and Velcro — not an option). Also, if you are completely open entrance, he should not lie on the ground. It is not convenient and not aesthetically pleasing — no, no, and someone will come with his boot, then the stain will be. Input should like to hang on the side of the wall, which should be loops to be "picked up." Input must be duplicated mosquito net. However, today, few manufacturers produce tents without mosquito nets. The grid is used for ventilation — when it is hot, the entrance opens, and the net — remains.
Very successful design entry type "sleeve" or "tube." She does not look very nice, and so manufacturers do not like it. However, the "sleeve" has a number of advantages. If you, for example, are thinking out of the tent, then this has, as a rule, open the entrance. You — go, mosquitoes — go. Let me draw your attention to the paradox: when the back of the tent, you — go and mosquitoes … again enter and accumulate inside! Another example: you get out of the tent, and mosquitoes … do not go, as it happens in the winter. But in the resulting large opening with you comes out and warm air. These problems are solved input sleeve. Another detail of the entrance — the lightning should be as solid. Why? If the entrance opens two zippers, vertical and horizontal, the piece is not closed between them can crawl any biting insect. Now look at the mosquito mesh. It should have a very small cell! The purpose of this network is not only prevent mosquitoes, but to a smaller creature — gnat. Mesh should look very tight — air and it will pass.
The choice of tent: interrogation.
So, we have an understanding of places and construction lobbies tents. This will allow us to make an informed choice of a tent. But that's not all. There are a number of nuances that are necessary to pay attention! Roughly speaking, when the tent we chose, she is required to undergo interrogation.
It is easiest to question, gathering tent right in the store. Frame tents are going to usually do: gather the arc decomposes (not stretched) bottom, insert the arc, tent hooks attached to them, and then throw a tent on top of all the fixed and stretched. There may be other options, but the whole process should be quick and easy. If the process is similar to the rite, when a tourist as a shaman has to spell something somewhere to fix stuff and twisting — is not an option. Dancing with tambourines good in the warm shop, and a cool rain wants to complete the process as quickly as possible.
After the tent set, it is necessary to conduct its examination. The most important point — is it possible to connect to an awning inner tent. This should not happen under any circumstances. Otherwise, all the condensate from the tent first to find himself inside the tent, and then you have a sleeping bag. Imagine the wind, a small earthquake … If the tent and the tent did not touch each other — you're on the right track. If applicable — this tent is not for you. Please also note that the "roof" tents should not be flat. Tent even if the weight is horizontal, or even bend — in the campaign here zatechet water, and it is unpleasant.
ventilation needed in the desert …
The next moment — ventilation. It should be on the inside of the tent and awning. You probably think that in order to sleep comfortably in a tent, they need to be warm inside? Not guessed. In in the first place should be dry — is the key to success. The drier the inside, the more easily tolerated and cold and heat. That is to ensure dryness and must withdraw from the tent that the air that you breathe out, along with water vapor, condensation of the future. If there is no vents on the tent — this is a bad sign. On the inside of the tent should also be air vents, made on the basis of inputs — mesh cap with a zipper. If there is a mesh, but there is no cap on it — it's okay if you do not use a tent in winter.
Now, to look at fixing the tent to the ground. Usually mounting frame tent pegs much required: 0 to 6-8. Many manufacturers emphasize that the installation of tents pegs have very little, or not necessary at all. It — from the evil one. If the wind is blowing, or go cross-eyed rain, the tents are not fixed, and therefore are not stretched, will be deformed stronger, which is unpleasant. And who says you will always remain good weather?
Finally, we come to an important point — the material curtain, bed and weld quality. Machine for sizing (provarkoy) welds costs money, so use it, not all manufacturers. On the other hand, I have witnessed the experiment — in the pouring rain to pitch a tent, and it was a night of live people. Morning (rain did not stop for a minute), I went to visit him and leaking joints were found. No taped seams on the new tent "hold" the rain. The problems begin later, when the tent will get old, and the seams as it will disperse, will not be as dense. Your tent will leak a drop for the tenth time, and at first it will cause a minor inconvenience, the same as the condensate. Then the situation will deteriorate.
required ventilation and winter on the ice of Lake Baikal …
A much more important that the material of the tent was persistent to not lose their properties over time. I have not seen that from not glued seam tents lila water jet. But observe the natural waterfall, where the water flowed (it flowed, but not dripping) directly through the tent material — I had to. It is unpleasant that I watched this scene from inside the tent, not outside. Sometimes this is due to violation of the tissue is due to mechanical damage, and under the action of ultraviolet light. Read what the manufacturer says about the material (for tents used varieties of nylon, silicone, polyester, polyamide). And should he write about it waterproof and resistant to UV and stretching. Decided to give the value in millimeters of water resistance water column, for example, PU 4000. I have not seen on the tent 4 meters of water, but it's nice to think that if that — tilt stand. You can give some clues: PU to 2000 — suspicious. PU over 4500 for "ordinary purposes" is redundant. We must focus on this interval.
Awning material is often performed reinforced, that is sewn mesh thicker and strong thread (Ripstop). He often looks that way — in the box. Reinforced material — it's great, especially on the jacket. Fall, or zadenesh for females in the woods — the chances that will not break up. Canopy tents for strength — a mythical setting. Another important point — the resistance to stretching. If the material is stretched tarpaulin, the tent will get out of shape, form Bukhtin. All this contributes to its getting wet, especially for the "flip" that have roof "inclined" (in low tension) a little slack.
Now on to the bottom. It's simple: the bottom should be waterproof and durable. Along the edges of the bottom shall be folded up to junction with the "walls" was elevated above the ground. Bottom material, for example, Nylon Oxford with some PU, say 4000, is suitable. It happens that the bottom is made of waterproof, but thin and durable material. To put a tent at dusk on a snag — down the drain. Still torn the bottom — it is unpleasant, but these things happen. On the other hand, some manufacturers put on the bottom of a very much "kondovy" material, up to the thesis. "Tezovoe" bottom of the punch — it is necessary to be a true craftsman. On the other hand, lay down a tent with a chur powerful and hard bottom in small amounts — is complicated. In other words, here too it is necessary to find a compromise between the strength of the bottom and excess weight. By the way, if you think that the thick bottom will create additional heat in the tent — this is misleading. But the fact that the bottom of the tent Ripstop useful technology — the truth.
Frame tents should be strong …
Move on to the frame. He's also simple, the frame is good and bad. I recommend a good, and you do, as you know. Good framework springs in his hands, and after removing the tent retains the original (direct) form. A good frame is made of aluminum alloy, and then passes anodizing. As a result, gets a nice color (black, for example, or gold), it is pleasant to the touch, less in winter freezes in hand. Aside skeletons from "rare" materials (fiberglass, etc.) I do not recommend watching. It is better to look at how the frame is attached to the tent. A few basic options. The first — a pocket. This is when the entire tent or awning sewn pocket, where it is necessary to insert an arc. This is not very convenient to assemble, but reliable, and stretches the tent definitely, without a "fluctuation". This method of fixing common at many stalls for "extreme", although there are the ordinary "classic." The second option — the metal bracket on the line or an elastic band. This is a very convenient option, and going fast. Tent that fate prepares tests on the Arctic coast — is optimum. The third option — loops and buttons — cylinders. Frame captured buttons of sling or elastic band, and then she pokes in loop. It is perfectly acceptable option. Mounting frame is still on the buttons and stickers, but this is from the evil one.
Finally, let's talk about color. There are two trends in the global palatkostroenii "dreary" and "calling." Each has its own advantages. The name "dreary" came from the phrase "black dog", as many tents have color green and blue. Those colors palatkostroenii prevail over others, though logical understanding this fact can not be. Of plus color can be noted that this tent is less conspicuous. "Geeky" tendency in red, yellow and orange colors. The yellow tent to live much nicer. How to look out the sun — inside is light and comfortable. Well such tents and look in the photos, especially in winter. If you are prone to melancholy — a bright color tent for you.
Last — look at the tent assembled. Well, if it is packed compactly, which primarily relates to the arcs. Well, when the arc formed by segments of 50 cm is allowed when the length of the segment goes to 60 cm If the arc folded noticeably longer, put it in a backpack, or suspended under it will be difficult.
A bit about the producers.
Tent manufacturers in Russia and particularly in St. Petersburg very much. In addition, we were driven tents from abroad. There is much talk about the "Finnish", "Norwegian", "Dutch" tents. Why do these words in quotes? Because this "European" quality is a rare exception in Asia. From abroad to our tents being taken of two types: the bad and expensive. Bad tents have low price, which is lower than the domestic version, strange phrases, dedicated materials, highlighting what is not important (tent of the "strong" material). In short, you will see cheap imported tent — stay away from her.
Expensive imported tents, these are things with capital letters. Do not want anyone to create advertising, but if you see a tent, one in a design similar to the domestic producers, but emphasized the elegant, stylish, and at the same time solid, no strange "bells and whistles", starting at $ 400, well, perhaps by 350 — most likely thing to you worthy. If money allows — will be satisfied.
As the ratio of the price / quality for hiking in question in this article, the tents made in St. Petersburg and the rest of Russia are more than adequate.
In conclusion, a few words about the care of the tent. Care Basics — storage in dryness. In other words, if after the last night in the woods, the tent can be dried to dryness — it should be dry when they return home. That is, to deploy, to suspend and wait until dry and fold back. If the tent began to lose its waterproof properties, in this case, need special care: to gently tilt and gently turn to throw it in the garbage disposal. Can I use a different impregnation for the return of his awning water repellency? It is possible, it helps to throw tent immediately, but does not solve the problem fundamentally. Besides soaking cost money too. Important — care tent directly in the campaign. It's simple: do not put a tent near the fire — accidental spark could leave the tent hole. Do not dilute the gasoline kerosene stove inside the tent — even if he accidentally polyhnet in your hands, a little soot on the walls leave. Primus launched a few times — the inner tent is made of yellow becomes dirty yellow. Finally, be careful inside the tent with hot items: pots, gas lamps. A touch of the wall of the tent leads to penetration, with the formation of the gaping hole.