Badger has a clumsy, wide body, an elongated head, short legs. Body length of an average of about 70 cm (old males sometimes reaching 90 cm) tail – 25 cm hair on the back and sides rough, high, bristly, silvery-brownish-gray color, casings – lower and rare blackish color but lighter head. On either side are two black stripes.
Badgers are found in all regions of the European part of the USSR, Siberia, the Far East, except for the northern territories. These animals are found in nearly all the countries of Europe and in much of Asia. The main areas of distribution are: the European part of the Russian Federation, Chelyabinsk, Omsk and Novosibirsk regions, the Far East, southern part of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Union republics: Azerbaijan, Armenian, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tajik, Uzbek and Ukrainian. They live in the deep, with numerous branches and outlets, holes dug in the forest slopes of ravines, in the bushes, in the steppe ravines. In their burrows badgers spend all day, going out to hunt at night and in winter go into hibernation, which in parts of the middle belt of the European part of the USSR from November to March. In the southern regions, the Crimea and the Caucasus in lower places badgers in the winter do not sleep, otlezhivayas in a hole for a few days only in a snow-rain.
Cubs (2 to 6 pcs.) Are born in March or April, depending on the location of the habitats. Being born blind receive their sight barsuchata only 30 days. Young badgers are separated from their parents in the autumn, and sometimes in the spring, begin to mate with two years of age, pregnant females lasts 340-370 days.
The food consists of badgers earthworms, mollusks, insects, frogs, lizards, snakes, eggs and nestlings, small birds, mushrooms, nuts, roots and stems of plants, fruits and berries.
Mined badgers in various ways. Often badger holes or set traps on the path, firmly anchoring them to catch badger not dragged into a trap hole. Autumn on these animals are hunted with hounds, most often in the morning, when the Badgers return to ground. When hunting a fox terriers and dachshunds that climb into burrows of badgers and kicked them out, hunters with guns were watching animals at the main outputs, and the rest of the holes clog. With husky badgers hunt at night. When hunting without dogs in the early morning shooting of badgers in an ambush near the hole. Hunting badgers permitted in the fall.
Badger skins removed the carpet to dry and degreased membrane stretched upward, on the boards, fixing edge skins small studs.
Badgers' skins by area of origin for ridges do not divide.
Badger skins are sorted by size to large area of over 1750 square meters. cm (which are valued at 100%), medium – from 1250 to 1750 square meters. cm (offset 75%) and small – up to 1250 square meters. cm (taken as 50%). Within each size of badger skins are classified by grades. I grade pelts taken from Badger scored early winter or early spring, polnovolosye covered high frequent spine and thick down, valued at 100%. Skins II species (badger pozdneosennego slaughter) – less polnovolosye, estimated at 75% and grade III-skins (the Badgers fall prey) – poluvolosye – 50%. Badgers' skins with various disabilities are divided within each class, depending on the extent of the defect (hole, worn parts skins, bald patches, eddies and spring skin) to small, medium and large defects. Price skins with small defect is reduced by 10%, with an average defect – 25% and more – by 50%. Rotten skin, burnt, moleedennye and having more defects than vice large defect attributed to marriage.
When selling badger skins to export their share as the fur and stubble. Of fur skins sewn collars and cuffs to ladies' cloth coats of skins hair bristle shaving brushes are made. Vtoroymirovoy before the war, when abroad in fashion skins silver foxes, badger hair glued in fur skins of red foxes, painted black. Of badger skin produce bags, bags and other leather products.
Extraction of badgers in the USSR varies widely. So, in 1913, the Nizhny Novgorod Fair was delivered 30 thousand skins in 1919 was harvested only 2485 pcs. In 192,324 – 50 thousand., 192,627 in city – 58 thousand., and in 1940 – 54.7 thousand., in 1954 – 30.4 thousand., in 1956 – 32.6 thousand., in 1957 – more than 30 thousand skins . On the same level produced blanks in 1958-1959.
Before the Second World War, badger fur pelts valued at international fur market more bristle skins by 30-35% in 1945-1946. prices were the same, in 1947-1948. for bristle skin rescues prices 30-35% higher than for the fur, and in recent years, although the prices for the other skins match, consumers still prefer to purchase bristle skin. In the 1951-1955 period. badger skins were sold in foreign markets around 5 am. -dollars apiece. In 1957-1959. prices of badger skins abroad declined.
Badger skins occupy fur exports USSR small place, their share is about 0.5%. In 1950 – 1959 years. from the Soviet Union exported abroad from 20 thousand to 45 thousand a year badger skins.