What are the tents | The survival encyclopedia

What are the tents

Modern tents leave no stone unturned in the firm opinion that the use of the tent you are doomed to binding inconveniences such as constant moisture whether from rain, or from condensation marred the life weight in a backpack, a broken or twisted frame after a simple trip Pro … it's all you can start to forget. Like a bad dream recede into the past dull canvas gable houses ("coffins"), giving the market a spacious, light and bright dome tents. Now the domestic and foreign firms offer a stunning selection of tents for all types of active spending time in the open air, but to all kinds of tents there are several general requirements, which we now touch.

First of all, the tents are divided into two basic groups: single and double layer. In the single-layer tent from the outside world you are separated only thin, preferably waterproof cloth. Double-layer consists of an outer — and inner waterproof — lightweight, breathable and tents. Single-walled tent made of waterproof synthetic materials such Poliamid Ripstop, and others, have a number of advantages, most important of which — it is lightweight and compact. The main problem is the single-walled tents condensation that accumulates in ill designs on the walls of the tent and starts to drip on you. Therefore, the company manufacturers are seeking numerous ways to accomplish this. So, you have — a cyclist or a fan of hitchhiking, a lover of multi-day orienteering event or a hunter who follows the trail of a wild beast. For you need every gram, so modern-layer tent, especially for you. If you choose "odnosloyki" Pay attention to the fabric. If it is waterproof, not breathable, it is absolutely necessary to think over the ventilation system, ie must mesh openings on all sides by tents, top and bottom. The most well-known companies such as vauDe, MARMOT, BIBLER produce single-layer tent with membranes GORE-TEX, SYMPATEX etc. These tents are top of human thought, very light (1.8-1.9 kg.), "Breathe", respectively, no condensate, but like all good things — very expensive (from $ 500). Still the most widely used multiple types of double-layer tents, as cheaper and more functional. The shape can be divided into two-layer dome tents and "barrel", with the exception of large camping tents, which are shaped multi-room houses with windows and corridors. The dome shape now become the most popular and these tents are in the collection of every firm — just vary the size vestibule, the number of arcs and method of attachment to the inside of the outer tent. What is a favorite of travelers dome shape?

First, this structure gives a tent exceptional resistance and self-supporting stability. With no wind so the tent can be set without side braces on the pegs, just to the ground with one hand in case of need to lift and move from place to place;

Second, the large internal volume, allowing to sit in a tent and generally feel comfortable;

Third, the speed and ease of installation. As for the method of attachment of the inner tent to the outside, there are two options:

The first — when the tent awning covers the arc, and the inner tent on hooks or with laces attached to the arcs. Second — when the inner tent is attached directly to an awning on the buttons, and the arc is passed in special pockets on top of the awning.

When installing, you are putting together the internal and external tent, which is useful for heavy rain, for example. In addition, in the first embodiment can be used without the inner tent awning in hot conditions, and the second on the contrary — to install an awning, and attach to it (or not) the inner tent.

Separate topic in the dome tents are vestibule. The tent can be generally without vestibule, which of course makes weight, but leaves no room for storage, and can have one or two vestibule. In fact, a very useful thing vestibule: it can cook food using a gas burner and without risking a burn things, there can be stored petrol, gas, wet shoes, and others, not the most pleasant to live together items.

The second type of tents — a "barrel". The name speaks for itself — the tents have tunneleobraznuyu form that has a number of advantages: a more comfortable beds, more space for the location of things under the protruding niches and different opportunities for tension, for example, to create a sound and wind resistant "station durable." The main disadvantage — these tents are not sustainable without delays.

Should pay careful attention to the materials used for the production of different components of the tents.

The bottom of the tent.

Since it is often in contact with the bottom of a very wet soil, snow or ice, by the content, manner, increased requirements — tensile strength, impermeability, taped seams. These requirements correspond to the material impregnated with polyurethane, for example, 210T NYLON-TAFFETA PU (holds 6,000 mm water column), 140 DEN HEAVY NYLON TAFFETA (holds 8,000 mm water column), NYLON-OXFORD (holds 6,000 mm water column), etc. . Sometimes come to the bottom of the tent of reinforced polyethylene (terpaulinga) — quite an interesting solution, since the material is waterproof, durable, do not rot, and everything else is cheap, but at 800 grams heavier tent. Therefore, these tents can be recommended for camping, or autotourists water professionals;


The material curtain descend testing weather: scorching sun, heavy rain, snow, hail, and other pleasures, so the basic requirements for an awning — strength, impermeability, lightness and subtlety. The most common materials for awnings are now POLYESTER with the application of the polyurethane layer, NYLON-TAFFETA and silicone (fabric ester polymer with a layer of silicon). These materials at high rates of other thin enough to be rolled up and packed compact and light enough to wear in the long march to a four-seater tent itself. Since the tent stitched, there is the issue of joint sealants. To date, all known technology company owned by gluing seams, and there are options without sizing or cheap Chinese models, or some Russian producers. It should be noted that the operation of sealing joints slightly increases the cost of the tent, but here it is necessary to make a choice, or pay another 30 percent, or in the rain to escape with polyethylene;

The inside of the tent.

The main property of the material in the inner tent it is a good airflow. The material must pass a pair allocated person, which then output through the mesh holes in the top tent. Now for this purpose are often used to break a solid and simultaneously lightweight material RIPSTOP with any weather-resistant layer of silicone. Also popular NYLON RIPSTOP, sometimes, especially in camping models used POLYCOTON (ie 65% — NYLON and 35% — cotton), this material breathes great, but quite heavy and not very strong, so is used in simple, cheap enough tents ;


Frame tents shall not deform after the first install it, quality frameworks have the resilience, even if a strong hurricane quite put a tent during a lull, it will be as smooth as it was before the hurricane. Residual deformation sin frames made of duralumin D16T Russian, but it is inexpensive, easy to find spare parts. For trips to the forest, hiking the area, simple travel that is enough, but if you are determined to conquer the serious route, you will have to invest in a tent with a frame made of imported aluminum alloy. The most successful in the manufacture of such arcs U.S. firm EASTON, which is the supplier UMBRELLAS world's leading companies. The second option — a skeleton of glass fibers (fiberglass). Very easy and quite strong material, permanent deformation, no, it is recommended for trips and hikes in the forest zone, for water going to the non-winter time, because is not nearly as hardy and resilient material, such as aluminum alloy, but again did not insignificant advantage is its cheapness.

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