Manufacturer or brand
The most famous American manufacturers — Marmot, North Face, Sierra Design, Alexika. However, many decent brands are not known to Europeans. European manufacturers of the most well established in Russia Salewa, Tatonka, Vaude, Jack Wolfskin, Camp, Ferrino. Among Russian producers are those who can easily compete with foreign brands, and those who still gets to his feet, trying to win the domestic consumers in the lowest price range. We draw your attention to brands such as Bask, Normal, Red Fox, Nova Tour, «Equipment."Appointment
For what purpose is you purchase a tent? Do not tell yourself that for all occasions. These tents just does not happen. Say, for a cyclist and mountain climber is important low weight tents. However, the operating conditions in the mountains and tents during the bike ride very different, respectively, and the tent will need to acquire completely different. Salewa company in addition to original classification Alpinextreme, Salewa Classic, Five continents, Family Line and other uses — Four Seasons, Three Seasons, Two Seasons. Let's look at this classification in more detail.
Four Seasons. If you are going into a serious winter expedition, the most right choice for you will be the tent of the class. These tents are mainly taken by professionals, and they do not need to tell: they all know. About the features of these tents will only say that for more wind resistance it uses a larger number of arcs, made primarily of aluminum alloy expensive alloys. Mandatory element is the storm skirt and guys. These tents below normal, the input usually made in the form tighten the tube, mosquito nets are not commonly used, although this is not a hard rule. These tents are made of the most durable fabrics, which are usually based on an extra boost RipStop. Recently, the fabric of the tent tents besides polyurethane impregnation has an additional layer of silicone, dealing with the top producer of the canopy.
Three Seasons. Tents in this class are designed for summer, spring and autumn, but not adapted to the winter or high altitude. These include tents for base camps and simpler models. However, in these tents can still be protected, and gale force winds and heavy rain from. The category of Three Seasons are the most durable models of tents after extreme.
Two Seasons. These tents are basically designed for warm weather, so for them an important quality is good ventilation. For this is the entrance to the tent, dubbed the mosquito net. Some manufacturers make and walls of the inner tent with mosquito nets. However, from my own experience I would say that, despite the ease and good air quality of this design, you risk waking up because condensation that collects on the inside of the tent, will drop on top of you, it is easy flying through the mesh.
Summer / screen. This category includes the most simple, "beach", single-walled tent. They are, according to the people who can, with varying success to protect from light rain and negolodnyh mosquitoes. Although in this series also have their leaders, which are made of very good fabric, with good mosquito net. Tents usually weigh less than 1 kilogram, and the feet beach lovers and picnic areas. As you know, we have not talked about camping tents. They are generally among the producers in a separate series of Family Line. If we consider a tent made for a family holiday, then mostly heavy construction — from 10 pounds and up. These tents easy to transport in the trunk of the car, rather than carry on his back. Their height of 170 centimeters. In camping models use the larger diameter of the arc, and these tents are not designed for extreme conditions.
"Primitive", From our point of view, home, preserved to this day mainly in the Far North, and have excellent aerodynamics (and other) properties, were a prerequisite to the fact that the first in Scandinavia in the course of Wild Life designers are simple to operate, but at the yet highly functional conical or pyramidal shape. Now we in Russia can be found in the sale of "chum", which a number of parameters exceeds the camping tents and easily maintained throughout the year.
Capacity and weight of tents
If we talk about these options, they are in most cases linked. It was once thought that the maximum weight of a good tent should not exceed one kilogram per person-place. But on the specific operating conditions, this dependence may vary. For example, the average share of extreme tents can reach 1.8-2.2 kg per person — hard, of course, but will have to bear. Possible and in the queen tent weighing 1.8 kilograms accommodate three. When out in the cold is very cold, and should be done — there is not to comfort and convenience. Camping tent can weigh 15 kilograms, to be two-and designed for 4 people. What is the ratio of weight to the number of people who will be sleeping in a tent, you decide. It sometimes happens that a buyer can be found in the tent shop with their weights. The fact that many professionals do not trust the producers, which indicate the weight only in minimal configuration (weight without storm braces and pegs) and that "forget" to include the real weight. If you weight-capacity — an important parameter, pay close attention to it.
First of all, when choosing a tent you should pay attention to the tent. This is the first line of defense against the weather. Let's see the marking material. Polyester, Poly — it's polyester (polyester fiber), and Nylon — nylon (polyamide fiber). Nylon sunlight loses up to 40% of the strength in the year, Polyester is more resistant to the effects of ultraviolet radiation. In addition, the fabric of Nylon fibers stretch when wet, so the tent during the long rain must also be stretch. Polyester does not have this disadvantage. Most manufacturers put on the awning is Polyester, despite the fact that it is significantly more expensive than Nylon. To keep water out awning, fabric is further treated. PU — Polyurethane coating, which is usually applied to the inside of the fabric. Four-digit number, is shown next — index waterproof fabric in millimeters of water column. 3000 mm water resistance is achieved with a double coating of polyurethane impregnation, 5000 millimeters — with a triple coating. Each application — this extra weight and price. At rates of 3000 mm and a fabric awning withstand almost any weather conditions.
PU / SI — Polyurethane coating plus silicone, which can be applied to the inside or the outside of the fabric. Most companies producing tents, now use fabric with silicone coated outside. This treatment is very functional: Silicone not only prevents moisture build up in the fibers of fabric, but also increases its tensile strength.
W / R — Water-repellent coating fabric top. More vlagoottalkivayuschie properties you can give yourself, using a special water-repellent.
Rip Stop — As indicated by a special weave fabric, which makes it more durable with a slight increase in weight.
In the inner tent you have to live. Pay attention to its color: it should be light, combined with the color curtain. Otherwise, the morning will seem bleak. Light passing through two obstacles can change the complexion of slum tent to unrecognizable. Not very nice each morning to see blue or green face neighbor. The fabric that makes up the inner tent, should be light and strong — preferably weaving Rip Stop. In addition, it must have good "breathing" and windproof. It is desirable that the inner tent had vlagoottalkivayuschuyu processing W / R. This treatment will protect you from the condensate. For the inner tent is better Nylon. It is softer and stronger tensile than polyester. UV resistance for the inner tent is not important.
The bottom of the tent
Bottom can be made of fabric or reinforced polyethylene. Polyethylene is generally used to reduce the cost of the tent, but it increases the weight. When choosing a tent, consider the following features: 1) the tissue on the bottom of the tent to be more waterproof than the awning tent, 2) fabric floor with 3000 mm waterproof body can withstand pressure, 5000 mm — Pressure foot; 10,000 mm — pressure elbow. Check whether the seams are welded bottom tent, especially pay attention to the corner seams. Competently glue them is not easy, many companies are saving on the operation.
Arc on the tents are made of fiberglass and epoxy resin (indicated in the description as fiberglass or fiberglass) or aluminum alloys of different quality. The most common grade 7075, 7001 of AMG (aluminum-magnesium alloy), Korean-made, they are used in high-quality tents, 7178, 6061 — require anodization, domestic brands D16T and B95 can not compete and are gradually replaced by other alloys. In addition to the alloy grade serious firms indicate its "hardness." Legend 7075-T9 and 7075-T6 are different in that in the first case, a more durable alloy. Fiberglass heavier aluminum alloy is approximately 1.5 times. In addition, it does not tolerate large changes in temperature and can not be repaired. If this arc is broken, you need to look for a new one. Aluminum arc can be repaired in the field. Articulation arcs also are different. The inner sleeve of smaller diameter can be attached to the arc with center punching or glue. Sometimes carried out by joint arcs razvaltsovyvaniya. Minimum clearance and maximum bonding strength in arcs glued adapter
Threads must be durable fabric, not bend or break under the influence of sunlight. Grommets should be brass instead of iron (this place in a tent is always wet). Lightning — very reliable — trust the Japanese brand YKK. Mosquito nets — with small cells. Plastic power supplies reliable — trust Duraflex or Nexus. Slings — light and durable. They should easily pass through the adjustment buckle. Braces for storm cords should be strong and thin, and also visible in the dark and in the afternoon. Pegs — light and strong, stiff. Preferably they should not turn over the soil, that is, would not a round profile. I wish you a good purchase, and probably run away, go away, fly away from the city in the bosom of mother nature, to where we are her children — a real person.
The main specialization of the company NORMAL — manufacture of arc-frame tents. Ten years' experience of successful production activity provides excellent quality products at the highest harakteris_-tics and relatively low prices. Advanced imported materials, advanced technology, experienced staff and powerful industrial base made this company a leader among Russian producers of quality tents for family travel and extreme trekking, long expeditions and mountain climbing.
Classical tent with a large vestibule for all trips. Tent: Taffeta PU. Inner tent of breathable nylon. Bottom: Nylon Oxford PU. All seams are taped and the bottom of the tent. Frame: Aviation aluminum 7075T6. METAL-fittings. Sufficient wind resistance. Entrance of the inner tent has a mosquito net. Tent with the ventilation system, which weakens the formation of condensation. Capacity: 3 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 4000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full 4.0 / 4.5 kg. Price: 6500 rubles. (05.11.2009)
Classical tent with two inputs and two lobbies for any hikes. Tent: Taffeta PD. Inner tent: "breathing" nylon. Bottom: Nylon Oxford PU. All seams are taped and the bottom of the tent. Frame: Aviation aluminum 7075T6. METAL-fittings. High wind resistance. Inputs include inner tent with mosquito netting. Tent with the ventilation system, which weakens the formation of condensation. Capacity: 3 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 6000/8000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 3.9 / 4.1 kg. Price: 6500 rubles. (05.11.2009)
Classical tent with a vestibule for hiking normal and elevated levels of difficulty. Tent: Taffeta PU. Inner tent: "breathing" nylon. Bottom: Nylon Oxford PU. All seams are taped and the bottom of the tent. Frame: Aviation aluminum 7075T6. METAL-fittings. High wind resistance. Entrance of the inner tent has a mosquito net. Tent with the ventilation system, which weakens the formation of condensation. Capacity: 2/3 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 5000/8000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 3.3 / 3.7 kg. Price: 5300 rubles. (05.11.2009)
The classic flip-tent with a large vestibule and two inputs for any hikes. Tent: Taffeta PU. Inner tent: "breathing" nylon. Bottom: Nylon Oxford PU. All seams are taped and the bottom of the tent. Frame: Aviation aluminum 7075T6. METAL-fittings. High wind resistance. Inputs include a mosquito net. Capacity: 4 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 5000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 4,8 / 5,4 kg. Price: 8200 rubles. (05.11.2009)
Classic model with large and small enclosures and two inputs for any hikes. Tent: Taffeta PU. Inner tent: "breathing" nylon. Bottom: Nylon Oxford PU. All seams are taped and the bottom of the tent. Frame: Aviation aluminum 7075T6. METAL-fittings. Sufficient wind resistance. Inputs include a mosquito net. Tent with the ventilation system, which weakens the formation of condensation. Capacity: 4 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 6000/8000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 5.3 / 5.8 kg. Price: 8900 rubles. (05.11.2009)
After 10 years in the field of camping equipment U.S. firm ALEXIKA SPORT GROUP combines the most advanced technology in this field, using the best of the design and sophisticated materials. Products of this company are characterized by high strength, low weight and volume, maximum protection and contemporary design.
Trekking tent. Inner tent: "breathing" polyester. Paul: 150 D Oxford PU 6000mm. Tent: 185T Polyester PU 4000 mm. Racks: arc of aluminum alloy. Stitches pressurizing shrink plastic tape. Two inputs, two vestibule, mosquito net, ventilation windows, front piece and a ring for the lamp. Dimensions: Canopy (100 + 180 + 100) x 220 x 130 cm, internal nalatka-180 x 220 x 130 cm in size cover: 45 x 16 x 17 cm Capacity: 3 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 4000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 4 kg. Price: 9700 rubles. (05.11.2009)
For tracking. Tent: 185T Polyester PU 4000 mm. Inner tent: "breathing" polyester. Paul: 150 D Oxford PU 6000mm. Racks: arc of aluminum alloy. Seams are sealed with shrink plastic tape. Two convenient entry under the tent, mosquito net, ventilation windows, front piece and a ring for the lamp. Dimensions: Canopy-(160 + 205) x 180 x 130 cm in size cover: 45 x 15 x 16 cm Capacity: 3 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 4000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 4.3 kg. Price: 10 700 rubles. (05.11.2009)
Extreme series. Tent: 185T Polyester PU 4000 mm. Inner tent: "breathing" polyester. Paul: 150 D Oxford PU 6000mm. Racks: arc of aluminum alloy. Seams are sealed with shrink plastic tape. Two inputs, two vestibule, snow skirt, high wind resistance: mosquito net, vent windows, a shelf and a ring for the lamp. Dimensions: Canopy — (80 150 +80) x 210 x 115cm, the inner tent — 150 x 210 x 115 cm in size in the bag: 45 x 19 x 17 cm Capacity: 2 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 4000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 5.1 kg. Price: 10 300 rubles. (05.11.2009)
Extreme series. Tent: 185T polyester PU 3000mm. Inner tent: "breathing" polyester. Paul: 150 D Oxford PU 6000mm. Racks: arc of aluminum alloy. Seams are sealed with shrink plastic tape. Two inputs, two vestibule, snow skirt, high wind resistance: mosquito net, vent windows, a shelf and a ring for the lamp. Dimensions: Canopy — (100 205 +50) x 200 x 110 cm, inner tent — 180 x 180 x 110 cm in size cover: 45 x 19 x 20 cm Capacity: 3 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 3000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 5.5 kg. Price: 16 500 rubles. (05.11.2009)
Camping tent. Tent: 185T Polyester PU 4000 mm. Inner tent: "breathing" polyester. Gender: PE 10×12, 145 g/m2. Stands: 11 mm fiberglass arc. Seams are sealed with shrink plastic tape. The two inner tents, a large common lobby in the middle, two inputs, three ventilation windows, two pockets in each tent. Dimensions: Canopy — (220 + 140 + 220) x 220 x 200 cm, inner tent, (160 + 60) x 220 x 200 cm in size cover: 68 x 23 x 25 cm Capacity: 6 people. Water resistance awning / bottom: 4000/6000 mm. Weight Std. / Full: 13.5 lbs. Price: 16 500 rubles. (05.11.2009) In my experience the water and hiking: a pawn in the less weight the easier it is to go, so the journey on foot to fit dvushka tent with plastic frame (unless you are in the mountains, it requires duralumin) For water to tent be light weight, small volume, with good resistance to moisture, easy to install, and to her in the dead of darkness in one can be put into the light. Very handy when the inner tent is attached to the awning and you can not unbuckle for installation and dismantling.
ps 1. Polyethylene — not the best material for all-weather tents, as in cold temperatures can break down. 2. From my experience — hiking optimal to take a 3-person tents and stick in there 4 people (it turns out better for one person). If hiking unsportsmanlike, the 3 person tent is very comfortable one :-). 3. What I would not say I prefer metal arc (duralumin), they are stronger and can be repaired — in a long hike (as an option — survival), this will have an important advantage. 4. when buying a tent sure to pay attention to the availability and repair kit if you are going on a long trip, try to buy items for repair edges and patches for the awning. 5. When choosing a tent, pay special attention to the "inside" — pockets, hanging shelves, hooks and just a hang of different things — for example to the flashlight was always on hand. Or you do not accidentally lose / crush points. 6. Pay special attention to the vents — if not, then you are waiting for the problem. First — a constant stuffy in the tent. Second, the accumulation of condensation on the tent — it will drip on … right on you. And third, the same condensation will freeze in winter tents increasing weight and reducing its strength. 7. Vestibules — a nice thing when behind a rain, and the tent is dry and pleasant. In the vestibule can remove outer clothing (wet and dirty) and shoes. There is a strong opinion that the lobbies are designed for storage of unnecessary things in a tent — in the harsh Russian reality of these things you can lose. And the more densely populated neighborhood, the more likely pridelyvaniya them down. A more interesting application of the vestibule — cooking food in it — no need to crawl out of the tent in the rain + can be a bit warm tent from the burner. 8. There is a tent where first installed interior — in warm weather you can not put the tent (but better safe …). And there is a tent, where he first put an awning, and then fastened to the inside of him — a tent can easily put dry even in a downpour. 9. Case for the tent — better if he sealed — in this case the rain tent will remain dry (and therefore easy and enjoyable in all respects) 10. For water trips are usually great weight is not important (everything is a catamaran, and can not be held "in the hands")