In the shadow of fun, full of bird calls of the May meeting of the forest with blooming lily of the valley is always perceived as a precious gift. It seems that one has only to listen and catch as quietly as if on velvet scatters pearls, white bells are ringing it when the wind gently swing stalk. Each bell like a lantern hanging from the stalk, and the smooth shiny leaves – on light boats. Around lilies pour delicious flavor. In Germany, this wonderful plant is dedicated to the goddess of the rising sun and radiant dawn – Ostara.
In medieval times, the healing properties of plants is determined by color or shape. Plants with thin as a hair, leaves were considered a remedy for hair loss, flowers reminiscent of the eye (chamomile, daisies) – from eye diseases.
Lily of the valley flowers, similar to the drop, were listed cure "pours strike" – stroke and paralysis. XV in Travnik. "Garden of Health," the recipe for preventing stroke with juice lily of the valley. Furthermore, it was recommended to rub wine infusion of its flowers to the head and back of the neck in order to bring a person into a "common sense." Flowers for this purpose was supposed to gather before sunrise until they were covered with dew.
In England, the infusion of flowers lily of the valley was used for headaches, for protection against a variety of infectious diseases, to strengthen the nervous system.
In Russia, the juice of its root girl rubbed her cheeks to be rosy, and in traditional medicine, this plant has long been used in diseases of the heart, edema, dropsy, epilepsy and fever. Currently lily extract is cordial, short of digitalis.
Residents of Latin America called lily «Lilium convallium from the word« convallis », which means" closed valley. " When Linnaeus in the XVIII century. created his own system of botanical classification, it has preserved the root of the word, describing the May lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis).
Recently, the Linnaean species lily May Botany is divided into four separate geographically, but slightly different versions – in May, the Transcaucasus, Manchurian and Japanese.
In the flowers of lily of the valley contains glycoside konvallyatoksin, hydrolysis strofantidin decays into aglycone and sugar – rhamnose. Found in the leaves of other glycosides that are active on the heart.
Lily of the valley is poisonous. Once the five-year girl, accidentally left unattended, drank water from a glass in which the beam was lily of the valley. This led to a deadly poison.
In the shade of the forest later lily blooms perfect his relative, relating to the same herewith. Lily – Solomon's Seal, or Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum officinale). Solomon's Seal is given the name of the plant because of its many years of underground rhizomes after the annual dying stems are round indentations – scars, if indeed someone pripechataet these places round stamp. Solomon's seal is poisonous (it opened a number of alkaloids), but just as lily of the valley is the food for deer and sika deer Altai.
White bells of her flowers in pairs, like earrings, located on the side of the stem, which is addressed to the land on the opposite side – the regular, horizontal, small, pointed at the ends of the leaves. Solomon's Seal is soft and beautiful as lily of the valley, Only flowers divested flavor.
Just as the lily of the valley in the late summer it produces berries, but not red, and dark blue. The people called them crow and magpie eyes. However, this raven eyes – the only one in black and blue berry on the end of the stem, of whorls of four horizontal leaves – a third cousin and kupeny lily, which is called: Black Eye (Paris quadrifolia).
In June or early July on its stalk appears the only green-yellow flower with perianth of 4 narrow petals, 8 stamens and four sepals surrounding dark purple round ovary. This plant loves shady deciduous, mixed or coniferous forests, preferring moist soil. It is very toxic.
Poisonous properties crow eyes depend on the presence in it and saponin glycoside paridina paristifina, found even in the roots and alkaloids. Glycosides act on his heart like digitalis glycosides and lily of the valley. Crow's Eye has the property of selectively act on the central nervous system. This plant requires great care: 9 – 10 ripe berries can lead to fatal poisoning. Children is not recommended even to touch them.
We also found other species of this plant: crow eye shestilistny (P. hexaphylla), common only in the Far East – in Primorye, Amur, Kamchatka and Sakhalin, mixed and deciduous forests, and corvine Eye Manchu (P. manshurica).
Poisonous black berries form and many other plants, such as bryony.
In the forests, forest edges and river valleys, between bushes, in the middle and southern regions of the European part of the USSR found plant, has long been famous for as a popular folk remedy
medicine. This – hulwort white (Bryonia alba) of the family. Pumpkin.
Like their cultural kin – pumpkins, cucumbers and others hulwort has branched, rough stem, sometimes reaching more than 3 meters in length and a catchy ("overstep") with antennae. Flowers are the yellow and white, with five fused petals, they are unisexual, but are on the same plant. Fruit – small, black, three-celled berry. Root like turnips, on the break, he white, rich latex. This plant is poisonous. If poisoning vomiting, diarrhea, severe cramps. The people hulwort called kites, paralytics grass paralytic turnips. In perestupnya white glycosides found brionin and brionidin, tannins, resins, urea, salts of malic acid. In scientific medicine bryony root tincture is part of a drug used in radiculitis.