Clinical analysis of abdominal pain is very difficult. This is explained by the large number of abdominal cavity, an abundance of nerve plexus and the presence of viscero-visceral reflexes.
There are two types of pain: visceral, or deep, caused irritation endings of the autonomic nervous system, and somatic associated with stimulation of pain receptors spinal nerves. Causes of visceral pain: strong peristalsis of the hollow body, colic (see), tissue ischemia caused by blockage of blood vessels. Visceral pain intensity differ, unclear localization, felt deep in the abdomen, often accompanied Read more [...]
Mchedvishvili BV (1964), like most researchers, shared causes infertile marriages into two groups: a) due to the condition of women, and b) a problem with the man. This division causes of infertility, marriage is not sufficient.
Should be allocated a group of causality when both spouses are unable to fertilize (M. Kunin, 1S69; Vladimir Dolgov, 1969; Johanssor, 1957). In addition, a fourth group should provide reasons when fertilizing capacity of both spouses is questionable.
A study of semen of men we have found the following changes:
Diagnosis Percentage Read more [...]
The category when both spouses are unable to conceive, we include the following: 1) the absolute infertility by a husband and wife - the worst option, and 2) the absolute infertility husband at a relative infertility of the wife; encouraging this method of treatment and the previous versions is unknown to us, and 3) the relative infertility men at the absolute sterility women, in this variant of questionable weather.
Our classification of the causes of infertile marriages, of course, is not definitive. This division is offered by us in connection with the fact that on this issue there is no standard Read more [...]
Abnormalities, we found in women, we are divided into: a) leading to absolute sterility: obstruction of both fallopian tubes, anovulatory cycles, some malformations (aplasia) and b) are considered questionable cause sterility: hypoplasia, infantile uterus, fallopian tubes, stenosis, tumors of the internal reproductive organs, retrodeviatsii cancer, and abnormalities (bicornuate uterus, uterus bicornis), one case of obstruction of the fallopian tube, etc.
The above division of the causes of female infertility in the two categories is a prerequisite for our proposed classification of infertile marriages. Read more [...]
At the II International Congress on Fertility and sterility (Naples, 1956) addressed the range of sperm quality and recommended designations given in Table. 29.
However, this classification reflects in fact, only three of diagnosis: normospermiyu, oligospermia three degrees and aspermia. There is no definition asthenospermia, teratospermii and azoospermia. At the same time, the current level of development spermatologii requires ascertaining these diagnoses, as each of them corresponds to a unique approach to the therapy.
In addition to the table. 29 to indicate the nature of motility (from Read more [...]
International Peradventure I'd been zapped asleep by all the cathode rays zippy round Big Have Lake, California, or mayhap it was the harum-scarum ride from Los Angeles capable Hoodwink Acme Batch, but my sensing of ESPN's first-ever Overwinter X Games didn't ejaculate into nidus until the even later the finals, at a billet called Arenaceous's Sports Bar, where a manly lot biker and a distaff ice crampoon chided one another into an arm grapple contend, so proceeded to striptease raw and hunker, mano a mano, at the crowded postpone.The ice crampon, Tiffany Levine, was nerve-wracking Read more [...]
Damage to bear a wide range of its severity, from irreversible, leading to cell death, up to the light, temporary, reversible, allowing it to quickly "survive disaster" and a full recovery ...
Actually, this first stage - damage - and exhaust the entire disease process in the most primitive organisms. Their disease can be completely reduced to only one damage. Take, for example, viruses - the smallest agents of many human diseases - from such inclusive, like the flu, to such terrible as cancer. As they get sick?
It turns out that when used against those viruses or other agents are Read more [...]
As for the endocrine system, in animal studies it has been found that in a state of fear and anxiety prevails production of adrenaline and noradrenaline in the aggressive behavior. Observations of neurotic patients in Leningrad Research Institute of the psycho-neurological Bekhterev showed that the simultaneous increase in the content of adrenaline and noradrenaline, and observed for agitation, anxiety, anger, adrenaline alone (with normal or reduced norepinephrine) - with fear, and reducing both - at the cry.
The Development of Hans Selye on stress led to the isolation of its forms, as stress Read more [...]
The second "arm" of the brain (in particular, its vegetative center - the hypothalamus) is a special unit of the peripheral nervous system - the autonomic nervous system. The latter consists of two sub-divisions - the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, which are sent to all organs and tissues of the body, and their tiny fibers entwine education, muscle, blood vessels. Autonomic nerve agents and the hypothalamus is associated with the endocrine organs that are not subordinate to the pituitary gland - the pancreas and the interior of the adrenal glands.
If tissues deprived of autonomic Read more [...]
Over time, the protective functions of the organism, its reactive power became more and more centralized management obey. One of these "supreme leaders" of the endocrine functions of the body is system - Union special organs that produce specific substances - hormones, carried by the blood to the most distant parts of the body and influencing developments there diverse metabolic processes. Because of its ubiquity, endocrine organs involved in the organization of protective functions in the body, affecting its general and local responsiveness. Recall at least the role of the so-called Read more [...]
How can you identify the disease at all? Let's start with the fact that definition disease at different times obviously depend on the state of science at that time, on the success and achievements in a particular area it. In other words, in this notation always clearly show some bias. If, for example, Virchow has described the disease as life under abnormal conditions, in our age, the age of cybernetics, are such determination it as "a violation of the body of feedback", "state unstable mode or defect own programs" (that means the disease NM Amosov), "violation Read more [...]
Out-of-door I'M STANDING IN AN Antediluvian landscape in E Africa. All some me whiteness and lily-livered efflorescence acacia trees are buzzing with bees, wasps, and colored cetoniid beetles. Baboons and impalas rove in the miombe shrub. Herds of wildebeests and zebras boom by; in the space, elephants and rhinoceroses log complete the roll hills care prehistorical giants. Piddling seems to suffer changed in the finish few 1000000 days. Caught up in inquisitory for insects, I hap to glance nether an ominous rock-and-roll beetle and am interpreted aback by what I see.Multi-color Read more [...]
As long as this book goes to press, "ran up" a lot of news, most significant among them to share with readers, prirodolyubami.
News first. By the second half of the summer on our meadows Omsk entomozakaznika many plants already wither and around - the field, mostly with monoculture crops. So farm, "Forest", to meet us and isilkulskim naturalists working in the reserve, planted in 1989, right next to the site of 3 hectares of sunflower - a beautiful bright yellow stripe for many miles shone between pins. Sunflowers in bloom here all July and August, fans fill feeding nectar Read more [...]
To start with, apparently, is to understand the following: what, in fact, is a general disease man, if it is different from the disease in animals, and, if so, what exactly? What parts can be distinguished in the painful process in animals and humans? Are they the same? Determined whether all the disease we have with you purely biological factors?
To answer these questions, it is necessary at least very briefly on what is called the evolution of the disease. Indeed, in the history of life on Earth evolved forms of abuse the normal course of life processes, that is, forms of disease, for disease, Read more [...]
Away In the outside northerly lobe of Australia's Northerly District, westward of a crocodile-filled river known deceivingly as the E Gator, lies a landscape of antediluvian and sanctum secrets.It goes by the describe Kakadu, a whiteness man's skrawky estimation of a softer Indigene news, Gagudju. Story is foresighted, therein situation, and one realism is superimposed atop another. Old meanings rear done newer surfaces same pentimento in a painted-over picture. The topmost level, and arguably the almost jejune, is the figure of clean map lines demarcating Kakadu Subject Common, Read more [...]
From the definition of the internal picture of the disease shows how many aspects of it can be selected. The main ones are: a) the perception of the variety of sensations arising from the disruption of the normal physiological processes in the body as a whole and in its individual organs, b) intellectual processing of their patients. In this case, significant not only psychological peculiarities of the sick, but the cash situation, and social factors.
After all, the disease in humans leads to complex rearrangements of his thinking, a reassessment of many, had a great sense of values. Recall, Read more [...]
The second stage may be called, perhaps, in becoming the main internal picture of the disease, because there is formed and "personal" diagnosis of the disease. Often, a proper understanding of the nature of the disease the patient inclines to the opinion that there had "the worst", such as cancer. In his memory float some comparisons: "But in all too Sidorova began with unexplained abdominal pain. And it ended ... "connects the search information in the literature available to the patient: and here, too, it all fits. (In this regard, it is worth recalling the story Read more [...]
Already examples given at the beginning of the previous section, we see that the emerging patient assessment of disease does not always correspond to the true damage that it brings that much then just depends on personal perspective on the situation. So for a long time, doctors began to talk about the need to distinguish between the two sides of the human disease, the two components. The first - or as a purely objective side - this is what doctor found in patients with various methods of examination: listening to the lungs and heart, feeling the abdominal organs, making the X-rays, electrocardiograms, Read more [...]
In recent years, hormonal contraception is significantly modified - reduced dose of the estrogen component of up to 30 mg, modified progestogen component. A new scheme of their destination. In addition, the observed beneficial effects of oral contraceptives on a woman if dyshormonal hyperplasia of mammary glands, rheumatoid arthritis, anemia, PMS, ovarian follicular cysts, giperpolimenorei, aldodismenorei, ovulatory pain, dysfunctional bleeding, inflammation of genitals and other diseases.
Create a product of clinical nutrition for pregnant women with diseases of the cardiovascular system Read more [...]