Briefly on medicinal plants of the Urals

BriarIn the Ural forest, steppes, meadows and mountain slopes grow a variety of plants. Some of them are valuable medicinal raw materials and have long been used in medicine. Usually during the campaigns in the Urals tourists collect herbarium. Below we give a summary of the most important kinds of medicinal plants of the Urals. On the rules of collection and delivery of medicinal herbs can be found at any drugstore or read in the literature.

Henbane. Annual or biennial poisonous plant. The height is 60 inches. The stem is covered with soft hairs. The leaves are sticky, foul smelling. Flowers on top of a dirty purple. Found in the ditches, vacant lots. In medicine made from the leaves of various oils, extracts for external use only.

Birch. In medicine the birch buds (at present). Collecting them is in April and May.

Cowberry. In medicine, the leaves and berries are used for the preparation of extracts.

Bogorodskaya grass or thyme. Small prostrate shrub with flowering branches. Flowers small, pinkish or reddish-purple. It has an aromatic odor, taste bitter. Gather all the plant, pulling out the roots. Collection takes place in July and August. Made of Bogorodskaya grass essential oil and a number of drugs.

Valerian. Perennial herb, stem reaches a height of 150 centimeters. Inflorescence umbrella structure, leaves pinnately dissected. Flowers small, pinkish-purple. In medicine the rhizome and roots. Collect them in June-July.

Strawberries. Widespread berry. From medical to use berries, leaves and roots.

Buckthorn. Shrub with large leaves, small greenish-white flowers, fruits, first red and black when mature. It grows in the valleys and along rivers. In medicine, the bark is used, the collection takes place in spring, in April or May.

Kalina. Shrub, reaching a height of 2-3 meters. Coarsely toothed leaves, buds as shields, bright red fruit. For therapeutic purposes, the bark is used, collected in the spring.

Nettle. The well-known plant. In June and July are going to vitamin-rich leaves.

Lipa. In medicine it is used lime color, collected in June and July.

Raspberries. Berry bush. Have medicinal value berry ripens in July and August.

Mother-stepmother. Herb. Leaves from the top smooth, shiny, soft bottom, white-tomentose. Flowers in yellow baskets. For therapeutic purposes, the leaves are used.

Juniper (Veres). Coniferous evergreen shrub with blue-black berries. Juniper berries harvested in the autumn, when they are ripe.

Foxglove Urals. Herb, up to 120 centimeters in height. The leaves are narrow, light green, covered with soft hairs. Flowers are at the top of a long one-sided brush as thimbles yellow or grayish-yellow. The plant is poisonous. Blooms in June and July. Leaves collected in July and August.

Dandelion. A very common plant with yellow flowers. It flowers from May to September. Fruit-flying detachment located in a basket in the shape of a ball. Therapeutic value have roots.

Shepherd's purse. Herbaceous plant of the cabbage family. Flowers small, white, located on top of the stem, fruit – triangular cordate silicula. It flowers from spring to autumn,. Gather the aerial parts of plants.

Wormwood. Widely known in the Urals plant with a pungent odor and a bitter taste. The stem grows to a height of one meter. In medicine, applies only sort of bitter wormwood. She has a solid stem, smooth, nerebristy. Flowers are yellow, tubular, in small florets. Gather the flowering tops of this plant in June and July.

Camomile. Different from the usual small flowers and strong aroma. Collect flower baskets and chamomile flowers from mid-May to October.

Cancer of the cervix. Herb with a stem, up to 75 centimeters in height. At the top of a dense spike of small pinkish flowers. Blooms in June and July. Therapeutic value is a rhizome.

Black currants. In July and August, pick berries that contain a lot of vitamin C.

Pine. In medicine the young pine buds, containing essential oils, resins, etc. Collect them takes place in April and May.

Hellebore. Herb with thick rhizome, elongate rounded leaves and greenish-white flowers. Blooms in June and July. Toxic. In medicine, the rhizome is used as an external analgesic. Collection takes place in August and September.

Blueberries. Berry used in dried and fresh.

Rosehips. Spiny shrub of the Rosaceae family. In medicine used rose hips, which mature in September-oyutyabre. The collected ripe, without damage? fruit until frost.

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