Despite the comprehensive preventive measures conducted by the traffic police, Minavtotransom, medical and other organizations, there is still a large number of road traffic accidents (RTA) and the motor vehicle accident. Safety on the roads and at the fleet depends on strict compliance with safety rules and traffic discipline and moral character is not only individual, but of many direct and indirect road users (drivers, pedestrians, controllers, business managers, etc.). In addition, road safety across the country may have an adverse impact of climate, geography, and other conditions. This enhances the role of personal qualities of road, from the professionalism of the drivers and ending preparedness of any person to an emergency and disaster relief efforts.
Accident in road transport can occur in any situation, sometimes far from the village where it is impossible to count on a fast professional medical help. Yes, and with a road accident in the city not providing immediate first aid before the arrival of medical condition of the victim may worsen and even lead to death. Therefore, drivers, traffic police, passengers, pedestrians, witnesses the incident should give first help and, if possible, to facilitate the condition of the victim.
The first medical help — A set of simple urgent measures to protect life and prevent complications that holds at the scene itself injured (Self-help) or other man, the nearby (mutual aid). Its purpose — to terminate the damaging factor, eliminate conditions that threaten life, prevent further injury and possible complications, relieve the suffering of the victim and transported him to the hospital (if you can not call the "first aid"). To perform these tasks requires a deep expertise, you just know and be able to perform basic methods and techniques.
Man, in trouble, is counting on your help. Meet his expectations!
- The sequence of actions at the scene
- Means for first aid
- First aid kit in the car
- Proper care of the injured
- Removing the victim from the vehicle
- Alive or dead injured
- Fainting. Traumatic brain injury. Shock
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Technique of wound
- Penetrating wound the chest and abdomen
- Bandaging technique
- Bruises, sprains, dislocations, fractures
- Spinal injury
- Crush soft tissue
- Traumatic amputation
- Foreign bodies
- Poisoning by exhaust fumes
- Oil and antifreeze poisoning
- Thermal injury
- Cold injury
- Ways of transporting the victim
- Position of the victim during transport
- Designation of the scene