It grows in the undergrowth of deciduous and coniferous forests, rivers and lakes, and in ravines across the European part of Russia, in Western and Eastern Siberia and Central Asia. It is also found in Europe, Asia Minor and Iran. Can grow in wetland soils of the north, and in the dry, sandy pine forests of the south.
Large shrub or small tree with a spreading crown and smooth, almost black bark. A reddish-brown branches lanceolate conspicuous white lenticels. The leaves are alternate, udlinennoellipticheskie. On the bottom, the lighter side of the paper clearly favor rzhavoopushennyh 6-8 pairs of parallel veins. It flowers from May to July. Often in late summer blooms again. Small whitish-yellow flowers sit for a few pieces at the color ¬ legs in the leaf axils. Globose juicy fruit first yellow when ripe become violet-red, and then shiny black. Inside the fruit are flattened stone with tapered spout. The taste of the fruit sugary-sweet, but they have not: they cause poisoning and vomiting. Buckthorn bark brittle — laxative. Fruits give green dye for fabrics.
Wood can be used for the manufacture of decorative plywood and small turnery.