Rhode CASTANEA Mill. — Chestnut.

Rhode CASTANEA Mill.  - Chestnut.

C. sativa Mill. — A tree up to 30 m high. Distribution: Caucasus.

Triterpenoids contains up to 0.4% in the leaves, flavonoids (including catechins), phytosterols, carbohydrates and sugar esters, phenols, phenolic and fatty acids, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes established structure. Marked tannins up to 20% of the cupule, fatty oil 7.4% of fetuses. Found saponins, vitamins B, B2, C, H, K, PP, pantothenic acid.

Medicinal. Those therapeutically effect — knitting — fruits (Cupule), diuretic — fruit. Indications — diseases of the digestive system: for dyspepsia — fruits, cholestasis, diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension, varicose veins, diseases of the reproductive system: the prostate — pollen, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism, infections / infestations: the malaria disease Respiratory system: cough, asthma, respiratory diseases, symptoms and syndromes: in fevers — leaves.

In the experiment, the leaves have a tonic, haemostatic effect, pollen improves blood, aqueous extract of exhibits antibacterial activity.

Food. Edible fresh, baked, fried, boiled, coffee substitute, cocoa fruit (nut kernel).

Nutritional supplements. Seasoning to different dishes: fruit (nut kernel).

Stern. Leaves.

Melliferous. Also perganosnoe.

Materials. Dyeing: flowers for leather (black): wood, fabric (black): wood, branches, young (brown, black), leaves (brown, dark brown, black), Cupule fruits (brown, dark brown , black color) for furniture, joinery, turning, cooperage: wood, pletenochnyh products: the branches of (young).

Environmental significance. Soil and water protection, sklonoukreplya-lowing, ornamental.

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