Herbaceous perennials, annuals least 20-150 cm tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.
Contain flavonoids (including leykoaitotsiaiy), phytosterols, and karotnnoidy higher fatty acid established structure. Found saponins, catechins.
Medicinal. Those pa ne w and s to th human action — knitting — Subtitle. h S. lacustris L., S. mucronatus L., sedative — S. radicans Schkuhr, diuretic — Subtitle. h, seeds, haemostatic — Subtitle. hours, the coating — S. lacustris. Indications — diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea, gastroenteritis, colitis, dyspepsia, colitis, symptoms and syndromes: with vomiting — S. mucronatus; kidney and urinary tract: urolithiasis, kidney, bladder, pyelonephritis — Subtitle. h and seeds; injury: burns — stalks (complete), diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: for boils (complete), rashes, poison: if a spider bite — leaves (vagina) tumors: malignant tumors, infections / Infestations: dysentery — stems (core) S. lacustris; nervous system disorders: epilepsy, nervous diseases — S. radicans.
In the experiment, S. lacustris, S. sylvaticus L. exhibit antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, S. lacustris — antifungal and antiprotozoal.
Food. Edible raw or boiled forms for first and second courses: the stalks (young) S. lacustris; additive to wheat flour and rye flour: Subtitle. h S. lacustris, S. sylvaticus.
Stern. Aquatic animals for fur: S. lacustris, spotted deer: S. sylvaticus.
Materials. For the manufacture of paper products pletenochnyh: Hopes. hours, leaves S. lacustris, S. radicans, S. sylvaticus, insulation materials: stems, leaves S. lacustris.
Environmental significance. Pochvoukreplyayuschee: S. lacustris; biofilter for the treatment of industrial waters: S. lacustris, S. tabernaemontani SS Gmel.; decorative: S. lacustris, S. sylvaticus.