Socio-economic bases-4

The positive role of the employee, multi-specialty, mastering several interchangeable professions allow aging workers in need of relief work due to normal age-related loss of functionality, translate into more acceptable to their area of work within their specialty.
Research on social factors of employment elderly conducted in 1970-1973 gg. on a single program all the institutions of the Disabled examination showed that apparently healthy persons of retirement age prefer to continue to work on the job and, as a rule, fully cope with work assignments. Abrupt change of employment, conditions of work and the working group are important factors to reduce their efficiency and low adaptability to work. The best is the continuation of the old team, in the same or close to the situation. This way facilitates professional guidance aging worker and because he in previous work could show his characteristic most valuable qualities, abilities and inclinations, and the biological compatibility with the working conditions and social — with a particular group of workers. Another important point. In preparing employees to continuously-specialty and general special education and advance preparation for work on a new technology or new equipment. Specific professional training system did not require a permanent worker training and retraining. Knowledge and skills have not changed for generations, so was common practice to use the knowledge gained in the early career path until the end of working life. Professional inertia in faster and deeper physiological reduction in the volume and the ability to secure the retention of memory, and other functions of the higher nervous activity. Constant maintenance of tone learning and the professional development of delaying the aging process of intellectual and, therefore, contributes to lengthening the period of business today is longer living population.
Adapting technology to the capabilities of workers, improving placement, work and rest, a shorter working day, a week — is the way to mitigate non-compliant trade functionality entire team (with heavy and very heavy work) or a weakened part (teenagers and women, people older age or with underlying diseases).
Heterogeneity of workers by sex, age and functionality is as important an objective factor, which requires special attention and consideration in the organization of production, the labor process, the preparation of the workplace, standardization load hygienic conditions justify the work and rest. This is due to the fact that at the same time and cost of the same industrial and hygienic conditions, the intensity of labor members of the same professional group, but of different ages will vary. Most useful for human and social optimal level of work intensity may be for some members of the community enough, for other redundant. The more frequently observed such deviations, the lower the effect of general labor and the more reason to pay attention to the validity of the current regime of work and rest. No wonder the United States, Britain and other capitalist countries' economy age "are increasingly attracting the attention of researchers.

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