15 Март 2012 | The survival encyclopedia


Prepubertal and pubertal stage

In healthy girls puberty starts at 7 - 8 years of age and ends at 17-18 years [Bogdanova EA et al, 1980]. From 7 to 8 years of age the ovaries begin to produce sex hormones - estrogens and androgens, whose number is gradually increasing. The main part of gormonprodutsiruyuschey ovarian cortex is located directly under the tunica. In this layer of connective tissue stroma are ovarian follicles, mostly primordial, representing an egg surrounded by one layer of follicular epithelium. Despite the small amount of hormones produced by the ovaries, in this age gradually shown their effects on the Read more [...]
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Blood Products

Blood Products, used with certain therapeutic purposes, is obtained from the formed elements (red cells, leukocyte and platelet mass) and blood plasma (albumin, gamma globulin, hemostatic sponge, dry antihemophilic plasma, thrombin, fibrinogen, fibrinolysin). Red blood cells isolated from blood banks settling for 24-48 hours or centrifugation followed by separation of the plasma. Maintain it in sterile conditions at 4 ° t ° without preservatives or glucose-sucrose solution, the shelf life of 10-20 days. Red cells weight (Due to its content of hemoglobin) primarily perform gas exchange in the Read more [...]
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Good posture

For all the exercises and philosophies important proper posture. Child must learn to control the muscles stretch and relax them. No one has mastered the correct posture with a simple reminder: "Hold it right." Therefore it is necessary to teach children correct posture, to ensure that she got them in the habit. Good posture depends on muscle work all body parts. Head tilted up, chin forms a right angle with the neck. Straightened his shoulders and lowered down, arms hanging loosely along the body, elbows slightly unfolded, fingers inside. The abdominal wall under pressure because Read more [...]
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Shamrock

Common names: hare sorrel, orpin. Description. A perennial herb of the family sorrel. Has a creeping rhizome, radical, fragile trifoliate leaves with thin obratnoyaynevidnymi leaves. Bottom leaves of reddish color. The flowers are arranged in a single, small, white on long stalks emerging from the rhizome. Rarer flowers pinkish purple. The plant height of 15-20 cm. It flowers in May and June. Fruit - box. The fruits ripen in June and July. Occurs codling in different types of shady forests, mostly coniferous. In folk medicine used grass and leaves collected in May and June. Read more [...]
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Explanation-1

Recommendations On the pages of this book covered conducted scientific debate, but it is not a complete summary of all the protocol materials. Despite the fact that the major adverse health effects of smoking are well known for over the years, smoking continues to be one of the most important health problem in both developed and developing countries. One-quarter to three-quarters of men smoke in virtually all the countries from which statistics are derived. Women generally smoke less than men, but their share in many regions of Europe and North America is about 30%, and increasing the number Read more [...]
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Explanation

Smoking cessation leads to a rapid and significant reduction in mortality from ischemic heart disease: about 10 years the incidence of the primary attack of the disease in former smokers approaches the value of this indicator in individuals never had used cigarettes. An important part of the treatment of atherosclerotic disease - coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, aortic and peripheral vascular disease, and obstructive lung disease - is to persuade patients to leave smoking habit. Observed in many countries, the increase in cigarette consumption over the last few decades suggests Read more [...]
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Interbreeding the Atlantic

Apply It Discover the bedrock at Steve & Doris Colgate's Seaward Navigation Civilize. Their ten-day Quick Rails to Cruising row in the British Virtuous Islands bequeath licence you to master your own 50-foot yacht, though you'll wish to praxis in the Caribbean's tranquilize piddle earlier tackling the Atlantic. From $3,150; 800-221-4326, www.offshoresailing.com FOR AN Inexpert Bluejacket, navigating the Atlantic Sea is a vast accomplishment. When you don't see state and fair a few ships for years, thither is a gravid sensation of exemption and stake out thither on the sea. If your aim is to Read more [...]
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Energy consumption in different age groups

In children, the metabolism in relation to growth and development is extensive, therefore children and adolescents need more full of nutritious foods than adults. For infants up to 6 months is recommended to receive the food 460-500 kJ (110 - 120 kcal) per 1 kg of weight from 6 to 12 months - 420 kJ (100 kcal), including proteins 2-3.5 g, fat 3 -3.5 g, carbohydrates 10-12.5 g per 1 kg of body weight. Daily intakes of energy for the older features (according to our experimental data) in Table. 4. Table 4. Daily intakes of energy, recommended for children and adolescents with normal weight * Age, Read more [...]
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Consequences of obesity in adults

Consequences of obesity in adults much more serious than in children. The first place is occupied by diseases of the circulatory system and respiratory system. Overloading the left chamber of the heart helps the blood flow more, because you want to provide food and fat, consume a significant amount. Load on the left chamber of the heart to increase any movement and the process of breathing, as the weight of not only the limbs, but also raises the less elastic chest more. Condition often worsens and high blood pressure. Overload of the right chamber of the heart causes abdominal pressure on Read more [...]
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SeaWorld Orcas Narcotized with Valium

SeaWorld's on-going sound debacle continues as homage documents surfaced reportage the use of Valium and former tranquilizers on grampus whales.According to Breakthrough Newsworthiness, the dose was about late presumption to a 4,000-pound virile killer named Ikaika in 2006 at SeaWorld San Diego. The Killer Labor reports that "Ikaika has a story of hostility, oft of a intimate nature, which began with an endeavor to multiply a immature sura at SeaWorld … SeaWorld's veterinarians so sedated Ikaika double day-by-day with Valium to 'try to melt him out.'" Ikaika's beginner is Tilikum, Read more [...]
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Polanica

Polanica (Polanica) - Climate Station and one of the best and most popular spa resorts in Poland, located 30 km west of Londeka, in an exceptionally beautiful valley Bystrzyca, at an altitude of 400 m above sea level. Polanica very green. Her and resorts, which lie on the slopes of the surrounding mountains complement picturesque panorama of this wonderful corner of the Sudetenland. Polanica known excellent climatic conditions. There is a warm, almost windless winter with the average January temperature is about -2 °, cool summers and long dry autumn, clean mountain air and rich insolation. Polanica Read more [...]
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Polchin Zdrój

Polchin Zdrój (Polczyn-Zdroj) - a well-known spa and mud resort, one of the best in the north-west of Poland. Located 35 km to the south of Białogard (Koszalin Province), in the edge of picturesque lakes, hills and green forests, deservedly called the Pomeranian Switzerland. Plain climate resort softens and moisturizes the proximity of the Baltic Sea. Are mild winters and cool Peto. The average annual temperature is about 7,5 °. The average temperature in January - the coldest month of -4 °, July - the hottest month +18,5 °. Winters are short, with thaws, and the autumn is warmer spring. Read more [...]
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Podebrady

Podebrady  - The most popular spa "heart" resort The Czech Republic. Located on the banks of the river Elbe, 52 km east of Prague, it is connected to the motorway and railway line. Spa buildings are surrounded by green gardens and lush gardens. Deserved reputation of the resort created its mineral springs rich in carbon dioxide, found here for the first time in 1905, the official date of the opening of the resort is 1908 The climate is typically flat. The average annual temperature is 7,5 °. Summer is quite warm and relatively dry. The average temperature in May 13,2 °, June 17,2 Read more [...]
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Pogradec

Pogradec (Pogradec) - a popular mountain climatic resort and a major tourist center in Albania. Located in the eastern part of the country near the border with Yugoslavia on the shore of Lake Ohrid, at an altitude of 712 m above sea level. From Tirana (120 km) resort related to automobile communication. The road goes through the ancient Elbasan, beautifully spread out at the foot of hills covered with olive groves, is the Mountain, which hosted the legendary battles Skanderbeg, crossing high mountain passes, rivers, deep gorges. South shore of Lake Ohrid, which is Pogradec, beautiful landscapes Read more [...]
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Bey Grenada

    Photograph: Map by Andy PottsTHOUGH HURRICANES ARE A FACT OF Spirit in the Caribbean, no one was inclined for the monolithic devastation and passing of liveliness the islands experient in 2004. Thither were six major hurricanes in the Atlantic Washbowl (outlined as Family 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson descale of hurricane durability, with winds top-flight 111 miles an minute). This was double the yearly norm, and quadruplet of them slammed the Caribbean. The price to the part was more $6 gazillion, according to the UN Economical Mission for Latin America and the Caribbean.In Read more [...]
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Coast of the Caspian Sea

The Caspian coast has much advantage over the Black Sea: instead of many Crimean and Caucasian pebble beaches on the beautiful sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea, and on its western shores between comfort and good weather to relax often exceeds that in the Black Sea. In addition, there is no healing and reduces the attractiveness of the Black Sea commotion in places of public entertainment. But lack of landscaping, increased seismic activity and the lack of urban planning techniques designed comfort elements put the tourism industry in this area of great challenges. So the western shore of the Read more [...]
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Kitchen Robinson

Kitchen RobinsonAuthor: Zamyatin NG Format: djvu Size: 10.7 MB Year: 1994 A book for those who want to learn edible plants in the surrounding nature and use them for food or for domestic preparations. This book is also for the variety of gourmet and eager to seek new approaches cooks. This book is also for those who want to achieve a correct and balanced diet, giving vitamins and other biologically active substances at almost any time of year. With this book, nature lovers quite different eyes look at the world around them in a new way will see quite ordinary grass, which are used to going. Read more [...]
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Pilsner beer-2

Regulars here have their measures containers or footage, which is of course due to the high quality of "pivechka." For example, visitors can order a meter of beer. This rank cups contains 6 liters. There is another measure, "puppy", which means a small keg of 12.5 liters. Can order a barrel more - 25 liters, it is called "a quarter hectare," or, finally, to 50 liters - "half a hectare." As for the "ha", then this measure, but they say to use it immodest: do not come here as carouse, as well - to sit and drink a dozen cups, no more. Among the Read more [...]
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Pilsner beer-1

Said that once tried to replace the traditional imported resin grade for internal processing of barrels a cheaper grade. Connoisseurs "prazdroya" noted a decline in the quality of products, and that's what would have happened if history. Loyal customers beer "The Chalice" quickly caught the fraud. "Beer,-they said, referring to the administration - almost the same thing that we were having so far, but this makes it necessary to make some amendments. Beer should be called no longer "Urquell", and "almost Urquell." Beer must also be called differently Read more [...]
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Shuffling a Replication

THE Wakening: "I made a prime to issue a dissimilar way."     Photograph: Sam JonesKelly Woodlouse Photograph Drift To sight more photos of Kelly Woodlouse, penetrate hitherScaffolding A WORLD-BEATING Reappearance is ne'er light, but Woodlouse's has been peculiarly thought-provoking—and it didn't ride a new preparation regime, enigma dieting, or root plank cast. Kinda, he credits hard-won personal development that's helped mend approximately significant relationships.In his 2003 memoir, Pipage Dreams, Woodlouse recounts how his dad, Steve, who owned a bait-and-tackle Read more [...]
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