On major sea and river vessels all activities related to self-salvation, was the possible more quickly to boat deck and precise execution of the crew team, organizing rescue efforts. Depends on your quickness your life.
Remain immersed in his ship's interior areas — means guaranteed to die.
It is not necessary for a long time to reflect on, learning is anxiety or not, do not dress up, losing precious seconds. We must grab a blanket and a life vest and instantly selects the top.
After the announcement of the boat alarm all collective means of salvation given to the working position and the crew is preparing to abandon ship.
All participants must wear swim all the information at their disposal, clothing (best to do this well in advance of the signal "boat alarm") thick cotton and woolen underwear, sweaters, malopromokaemuyu better waterproof outer clothing, and of course, a life jacket.
Wear layered clothing is better. Two thin sweaters preferred one thick. Multi-layered clothing protects from cold better in the air and water environment by keeping the heat in the air (or hot water body) layer between layers of clothing.
Neck should wrap a scarf (or if the towel sleeve torn sweater, trouser leg spare pants), as it is highly susceptible to hypothermia in the water. Put on the head of one or two tight woolen caps, throw and tighten the hood to protect your hands mittens or gloves.
! More in marine emergency on human clothing was, the longer it will be able to resist the cold!
We should strive to protect the places particularly exposed heat loss — chest below armpits, groin, neck, and head.
Shoes are best to wear loose, two or three woolen socks, but so that it does not hamper the toes.
The most experienced passengers should check whether their comrades wearing life jacket.
All the participants are going to swim to the location of the collective life-saving appliances or other specified captain. There also delivered emergency kits, marine and personal papers, radio, alarm means, a first aid kit, emergency food and water, blankets, etc.
Rafts and boats can float only team captain and only the leeward side of the vessel. Otherwise, their after launching waves will pile on board and can not hurt.
It is best to choose the shutter when the waves rose as close to the outlet side. In this case, you can simply put the raft into the water.
Collective means of salvation must contact the vessel lasting 10 — 15-meter lin, not to be carried away by the wind. Do not hold the line in his hand, as a sudden jerk can upset man overboard.
First, according to the rule of the ancient sea, the boat moving women, children, the wounded, frail people.
They need to arrange insurance, for which the boat can go one adult male. In some cases, allowed to insure people with a rope tied around his chest.
Changed their spassredstvo passed emergency kits and other emergency equipment. First aid kits and emergency kits better not throw a pass from hand to hand, we must not unclench his fingers while there is no absolute certainty that they are accepted and firmly hold.
With the transfer of the things it is advisable to tie safety cord to be able to in the event of a pull them out of the water.
The order of transfer of items of equipment and the number determined by the Master because of the particular conditions of the accident. But in any case, the principle should be the next boot: first in survival craft loaded vital things and only then the secondary.
The captain, like any real captain leaves the ship last, after personally making sure that all crew members, passengers, as well as emergency equipment items are in the rescue vehicle.
!Before boarding an inflatable raft to tightly wrap the metal parts of the cloth shoes — horseshoes, buckles, protruding nails that when jumping can damage the rubber lining.
Can be worn over boots or thick wool socks off your shoes at all, and take with them, wrapped in extra clothes.
When planting in inflatable rafts and boats is desirable to avoid jumping. If not impossible to do a jump, you should try to fall on inflatable items — onboard balloons, inflatable beams, banks and post. It is advisable to get in touch with a covering a larger area of the body is possible to reduce the impact load on the inflatable structure.
! If a person lands on his feet, he can break the bottom of the raft! At a height of over 5 meters for imported rafts and 2 meters for domestic get them better with water.
The first people in a boat or on a raft, to insure them against damage — a start paddles or hands from the ship, threaten to drive away, floating on the water surface objects, as well as helping other passengers.
With great excitement, excluding mooring spassredstva to the ship, you can play off a few meters of safety tench and spassredstvo move into the water, pulling on lin. It is necessary to insure children and people who can not swim.
While on the ship,
It is necessary:
·time to learn the ship's instructions and reminders;
·Know where you store personal salvation, learn to deal with them;
·find the shortest path to the boat deck;
·Remember the signs alerting.
·avoid marine emergency response;
·transfer personal salvation, to use them for other purposes;
·try to disable the ship's loudspeaker broadcasts.
After the announcement of the boat alarm signal
It is necessary:
· Take spasnagrudnik, possibly a blanket, warm clothes, documents, and a short way up on the boat deck. If there is time — the maximum insulate;
·when leaving the ship to obey the orders of the crew;
·follow the old rule of the Sea — the first rescued women and children;
·when you jump into the water — see the place splashdown, embrace, pull down spasnagrudnik and jump at the highest rise of water feet first. Sail away from the sinking ship.
· Long dress, collect things, brush up, check with the neighbors what had happened, wasting time on it;
·climb into the boats and rafts to drop without a team of crew members;
·without permission to get up and move around in the boat, prepared to be launched;
·jump on inflatable rafts in shoes with metal horseshoes.
Thus, the evacuation was successful, all were in the boat or raft. What's next?