Mink European. At a length of up to 50 cm, including the tail — about 15 cm mink low, thick and shiny, brown color, except for the lips and throat, which is white pubescence.
European mink are found throughout most of the European part of the USSR, except the Crimean Peninsula in recent years have been discovered beyond the Ural Mountains. European mink found in the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Romania, Switzerland Manto of mink fur, and in the south-west of France. These creatures are usually settled on the banks of the various bodies of water, preferring small rivers, beaches are covered with woods and shrubs. Under the roots of the coastal bushes mink suit hole, and do well and some to spare, to hide to rest or escape from his pursuers. Usually come out to hunt at night.
Mink mate in March and April. After 40 days at the female from 4 to 8 blind cubs, which are beginning to see in about a month. Norchata fed breast milk for 6-8 weeks in the autumn are separated from the mother, and the next spring are already multiplying. Mink live up to 10-12 years. They feed on fish, frogs and other aquatic animals. On land mined mice and small birds. Moult in spring and autumn, but later than other fur-bearing animals.
In the early 30's in the Soviet Union were brought from North America, American mink — the larger and more covered with fluffy fur. They differ from the European mink is also the fact that only have white pubescence on the lower lip, while the European mink white hair covered and upper lip.
Mink imported from North America, bred in fur farms of the USSR. In addition, the animals produced at will in some areas of Siberia, the Far East, the Urals, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula, well acclimatized and settled.
In the USSR 1959 , it was settled 12 thousand American mink, including up to 1943, over three thousand animals.
Extract most of the mink traps, installed at the hole in the mink trails, and bait are the pieces of meat, fish, poultry carcasses, etc. Catch mink also by scratching, and kolodits dies, the last stack of mink fur coat across the rivers; mink, trying to get across koloditsu, touches nastorozhku and down on himself the yoke.
Shooting mink produce pipe with a cut on the rump, skin hair ruled out.
Russian mink pelts are sorted into two logs: the northern Caucasus and, in three colors — dark brown, brown and light brown, in three classes (II variety has offset 80%) and the small, medium and large defects. Skins with very large defects attributed to marriage. Minks produce spring, summer, early fall is prohibited.
Extraction of wild mink recently declined slightly compared to the pre-war years, despite the dispersal and acclimatization of American mink. Thus, in late 20's annually harvested from 50 thousand to 75 thousand mink pelts, and in 50 years only 25-30 thousand. Most of all mink mined in northern, western and central regions of the European part USSR.
Blanks wild mink pelts 1959 was held at the level of 1958
Selling prices for international fur market in one Mink Grade I were (in Am. Dollars) in 1944 — 8,52-15,00, in 1947 — 5,00-9,25, in 1949 . — 7,21-8,24, in 1952 — 9,73-16,74 and in 1956 (May auction in London) — from 11.53 to 16.37. In 1957-1958. prices for wild mink skins were lower than in 1956, but in 1959 increased.
Mink pelts are used within USSR and exported. In 1955-1956. of USSR annually exported over 100 thousand skins of wild mink and state farms, and in 1957 —1959 years. — over 150 thousand. The share of mink fur in the Soviet fur exports in recent years, reaching 4.3%.
Are made of mink ladies coats, jackets, capes, stoles, boas, hats, hats, muffs, and they are also used to finish ladies clothing, sewn as other furs, and of woolen fabrics.