This beast amazing destiny: it was nearly destroyed by man. And man also saved him, gave him a new hope millennial life.
At the beginning of this century, the wild aurochs found only in the North-West Caucasus and in the Bialowieza Forest. Last Bialowieza bison fell in 1919 by a bullet poacher. By 1928, bison in the wild left. Throughout the world, there was in zoos and game farms, only 48 of these magnificent animals.
By January 1, 1965 all over the world, there were already 700 bison, including the Soviet Union 231 (Zablocki, 1965). A lot of work for the conservation of these animals came to fruition.
There are about 400 species of plants consumed by bison, but the main importance for him trees and shrubs. He eats them all year round, and in summer mostly leaves, autumn and winter — twigs and bark. In the snow-free season in the role nutrition plays herbaceous plants, especially large ones, vysokostebelchatye, juicy. The diet supplement fruits and mushrooms. In winter aurochs eating high-quality hay.
Discuss the possible value of forestry bison premature because its small size and a large part of the herd is contained in the enclosures. Noted the negative impact of bison on the undergrowth and undergrowth in their places of winter concentration and aviaries.
In Sary Chelek reserve, where bison were brought no justification for acclimatization, they do more harm apple walnut forests. In one of the tracts BA Kuznetsov (1969) saw hundreds of young nuts, apple and poplar trees, completely uprooted from the ground bison, united to the base, or they had a bad crown. In older trees these animals and eat them stripped bark. During tracking herds of bison over 7.5 km 63 found them totally yummy wood.
What is the future of bison? Will he protected rare animal, being placed in cages, or gradually populate the forest and became the object of hunting? MA Zablocki (1965), One of the biggest enthusiasts zubrovodstva in the country, said that the animal can get along well in the contemporary cultural landscape. Unlike elk, he almost never kills conifers, sedentary, unpretentious, well to the care of the person.
Other scientists believe that the beast in its natural state is dangerous to humans, and with a significant population density will be very harmful to agriculture and forestry. They attribute to him only the mountain forests of the Caucasus.