Rhode SAMBUCUS L. — Elder.

Rhode SAMBUCUS L.  - Elder.

Herbaceous perennials, shrubs, trees up to 10 m high. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic.

Contain triterpenoids, iridoids, phytosterols, flavonoids (including anthocyanins) tsiklitoly, carbohydrates and karotnnoidy (No et al., 1996), phenolic and higher fatty acids, H efnry, higher alcohols, aliphatic hydrocarbons n established structure. Highlighted the essential oil, fatty oil, tannins. Found akalondy, coumarins, catechins, polysaccharides, grnglntseridy, vitamin C.

Medicinal. Therapeutic action — analgesic — flowers (State registry. 2000), branches (complete), the leaves of S. nigra L., wood (assembled) S. sibirica Nakai, diuretic — flowers (State registry. 2000), underground. hours, branches (bark), leaves, fruits S. nigra, flowers S. miquelii (Nakai) Cat. in the Cat. et Aliss. (Syn. S. sieboldiana (Miq.) Schwer.), Subtitle. hours, flowers S. ebulus L., Subtitle. hours, branches (bark) S. racemosa L., bark, flowers, S. sibirica, antipyretic — flowers of S. nigra (Гос. registry. 2000), S. Wood manshurica Kitag., wood (assembled) S. sibirica, expectorant — flowers (State registry. 2000), the fruits of S. nigra, Subtitle. hours, flowers S. ebulus, anti — flowers (State registry. 2000), the leaves of S. nigra, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, laxative — flowers (State registry. 2000), underground. hours, leaves, plody8. nigra, leaves, flowers, fruits of S. sibirica, diaphoretic — S. miquelii, flowers (Mashkovsky, 2000), leaves (Di Stasi et al., 1994), the fruits of S. nigra, flowers, fruits S. ebulus, Subtitle. hours, branches (bark) S. racemosa, the fruits of S. sibirica, flowers S. williamsii Hanse (syn. S. latipinna Nakai), wound healing — Subtitle. h S. ebulus, bark, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, vomit — Subtitle. h

S. nigra, the fruits of S. racemosa, leaves S. sibirica, bracing — leaves, fruits S. nigra, anthelminthic — bark, leaves of S. sibirica, hypotensive — branches (bark) S. nigra, haemostatic — the leaves of S. nigra, normalizing the blood — wood (assembled) S. sibirica1, improving blood circulation — flowers of S. nigra, normalizing metabolism — roots, bark, flowers, S. nigra, stimulating appetite — the fruits of S. ebulus, lactogenic — S. nigra, veterinary choleretic — fruits S. nigra. Indications — the immune system disease: rheumatic — leaves, fruits S. ebulus, branches (bark), leaves, flowers, fruits of S. nigra, leaves, flowers, fruits of S. miquelii, S. racemosa, wood (assembled), flowers of S. sibirica, Subtitle. hours, branches, leaves S. williamsii, allergies — flowers of S. nigra, chlamydia — the fruits of S. ebulus; respiratory system: Asthma — the fruits of S. ebulus, flowers S. nigra, S. racemosa, flowers, bark, S. sibirica, respiratory infections — Subtitle. hours, flowers S. ebulus, flowers, fruits S. nigra, flowers S. sibirica, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis — flowers of S. nigra, S. sibirica, emphysema — flowers of S. nigra, tracheobronchitis — flowers, shortness of breath — wood (assembled) S. sibirica; diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: for boils — Subtitle. h S. ebulus, leaves, flowers, S. nigra, eczema — Subtitle. h, the branches (complete) S. nigra, bark S. miquelii, skin diseases — Subtitle. h, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, warts — leaves, psoriasis, dermatitis, freckles, chloasma — flowers, Medicine — fruits S. nigra, ringworm — Subtitle. h S. ebulus, skin rashes caused by chronic constipation — flowers of S. sibirica; diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the digestive system — flowers of S. nigra, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, hemorrhoids — the fruits of S. ebulus, flowers, leaves, fruits of S. nigra, diarrhea — the fruits of S. ebulus, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, intestinal colic — the leaves of S. ebulus, S. nigra, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, stomach ulcers — the fruits of S. nigra, constipation — flowers, gastritis, cholecystitis — flowers of S. nigra, S. sibirica, liver, bile ducts — bark, wood S. manshurica; Popek disease and urinary tract: with cystitis — Subtitle. hours, flowers (complete), dysuria — flowers uraturia — Subtitle. hours, diseases of the urinary bladder, kidney stones — fruits S. ebulus, nephritis — Subtitle. hours, flowers (complete) S. ebulus, bark, flowers, fruits S. miquelii, anuria — the fruits of S. ebulus, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, kidney disease — flowers of S. ebulus, Subtitle. hours, bark, flowers, S. nigra, hematuria — flowers of S. nigra; ear, nose and throat: with angina — flowers of S. nigra, S. racemosa, S. sibirica, laryngitis — leaves, fruits S. ebulus, flowers S. nigra, pharyngitis — leaves, flowers, rhinitis, sinusitis — flowers of S. nigra; pain: neuralgia — the fruits of S. miquelii, flowers, fruits S. nigra, including the trigeminal nerve — the fruits of S. ebulus, headache — flowers of S. nigra, flowers, bark, S. sibirica; tumors: malignant neoplasms — Subtitle. hours, flowers S. nigra, the fruits of S. racemosa, flowers, fruits S. sibirica, tumors — the leaves of S. ebulus, S. sibirica, skin cancers — the fruits of the breast (after mastectomy) — flowers of S. nigra; symptoms and syndromes: with ascites — Subtitle. h, the fruits of S. ebulus, leaves S. nigra, fevers — leaves, flowers, sclerosis — Subtitle. hours, bark S. nigra, hiccups, collapse — wood (assembled) S. sibirica; injury: in wounds — the leaves of S. ebulus, bark S. miquelii, flowers S. nigra, including purulent — Subtitle. h S. ebulus, contusions — the branches of S. williamsii, fractures, sprains — bark, bruises — the leaves, the flowers of S. miquelii, burns — flowers S. nigra; metabolic diseases: gout — Subtitle. hours, leaves S. ebulus, leaves S. nigra, wood (assembled) S. sibirica; diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthritis — Subtitle. h S. ebulus, leaves, flowers, S. nigra, flowers S. sibirica, arthritis — Subtitle. hours, branches, flowers, S. nigra, osteomyelitis — bark, after the displacement of vertebrae bone tuberculosis — wood (assembled) S. sibirica; oral disease: with stomatitis — flowers of S. nigra, S. racemosa, S. sibirica, periodontitis — flowers, diseases of the oral mucosa — the fruit (complete) S. nigra; diseases of the cardiovascular system: angina — S. nigra, bark, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, diseases of the heart and blood vessels — tsvetki1, fruits, and atherosclerosis — Subtitle. hours, bark, flowers, cardioneurosis — Subtitle. hours, bark, myocarditis, heart defects, hypertension — flowers, cardiac asthma — S. nigra, pericardial effusion — Subtitle. h S. ebulus; infections / infestations: the malaria — Subtitle. hours, flowers S. ebulus, fruits, seeds of S. nigra, measles, rubella — the leaves, the flowers of S. ebulus, flowers S. nigra, flu — flowers S. nigra, wood (assembled) S. sibirica, furious — Subtitle. h S. ebulus, S. nigra, erysipelas — branches, leaves, gepatitah2 — fruits, pertussis — flowers of S. nigra, pulmonary tuberculosis — the fruits of S. ebulus, smallpox — wood, flowers, S. sibirica; nervous system diseases: radiculitis — the fruits of S. nigra, Subtitle. hours, branches, leaves S. williamsii, including Time-border-sacral — fruits, polyneuropathy — Subtitle. h S. nigra; reproductive system disease: pathological climax — flowers of S. nigra, S. sibirica, women's diseases, prostatitis — flowers, impotence — the fruits of S. nigra; endocrine diseases: diabetes mellitus — Subtitle. hours, flowers (complete) S. ebulus, Subtitle. hours, leaves, flowers, fruits, S. nigra; mental illness: depression — Subtitle. h S. nigra, insomnia — bark, neurosis — wood (assembled) S. sibirica; eye disease: in diseases of the eye, conjunctivitis, blepharitis — flowers of S. nigra; poisoning: the bite of the serpent — the leaves of S. ebulus.

In the experiment, flowers S. nigra (complete)-mi have cholesterol-lowering properties, the amount of saponins and phenolic compounds have anti-edematous effect of the fruit stimulate the endocrine glands, flowers have antihypoxic properties hypoxic hypoxia, alcohol extract seed S. williamsii — antioxidant; S. miquelii exhibits antiviral activity against pathogens lymphocytic meningitis and encephalitis, S. nigra — antibacterial, antifungal, Anto-tsiany fruit — antiprotozoal, an aqueous extract of the flowers — for influenza virus strains A/PR/8 and A / Hong Kong, broth S. Wood sibirica — ing antihistamine.

Toxicity. Poisonous, especially fruits: S. ebulus; exhibit insecticidal activity: S. ebulus; against bugs, moths kryzhovnikovoy, chernosmo-Rodino tick weevil: branches, acaricidal — the leaves of S. nigra; against leaf-sucking insects and leaves, flowers, moth: the branches of S. racemosa; show ratitsidnuyu, repellent active: S. ebulus, S. nigra.

Food. Edible: seeds (fatty oil from refining) S. racemosa.

Nutritional supplements. Food dye (red): the fruits S. nigra.

Materials. For manufacturing turnery: Wood S. nigra; preparation of anatomical specimens: the stalks (core) S. ebulus, wood

(Core) S. nigra; source of industrial oil: seed (a fatty oil from refining) S. racemosa; dye for leather and cotton (red, blue, purple): fruits S. ebulus, wool, silk (the mordant in a different color): fruits S. nigra.

Melliferous. S. ebulus, S. nigra, S. racemosa, S. sibirica.

Environmental significance. Pochvoukreplyayuschee: S. sibirica; decorative: S. nigra, S. racemosa, S. sibirica.

Добавить комментарий

Tags: , , , , , ,

Site "Survival in the wild nature", glad to see you. If you come to us, it means you want to get complete information about survival in a variety of extreme conditions, in emergency situations. Man, throughout the development, sought to preserve and protect themselves from the various negative factors surrounding it - cold, heat, hunger, dangerous animals and insects.

Site structure "Survival in the wild nature" is simple and logical, selecting a specific section, you will find information. You will find on our website recommendations and practical advice on survival, unique descriptions and pictures of animals and plants, turn-based scheme to trap wild animals, tests and reviews of travel gear, rare books on survival and wildlife. The site also has a large section devoted to video on survival survivalist-known professionals around the world.

The main theme of the site, "Survival in the wild nature" - is to be ready to be in the wild, and the ability to survive in extreme conditions.

The Survival in the wild nature - how correctly to behave, it having appeared in an emergency situation. Ability to find a way out from any situation: to kindle a fire, to put traps, to prepare food, to arrange dwelling and a lodging for the night; to learn to knit knots, to clear water, to be guided by districts, correctly to choose equipment, a knife. Also you can download directories to tourists, encyclopedias survivals, video Bear Grills to Survive at any cost (Man vs. Wild).