The most common disease in the world — Riya malaria, fever. Millions of people suffer from it, especially in hot and humid tropical countries. Name of the disease comes from two Italian words: "mal" — "bad", "aria" — "air." But that's not a bad air, and in mosquitoes that infect human malaria.
Mosquitoes lay their eggs in water, whether from the testes grow chinks — bloodworms — and then the mosquitoes. In moist, warm places a lot of mosquitoes, malaria raznosyaschih.
Europeans who invaded tropical countries, the masses were dying of malaria.
Only in 1633, learned that the Peruvian Indians are healing from malaria bark of a tree. This bark cured of malaria and the first European woman who lived in Peru — Hinhon. In honor of her and called the tree "hinhona" or "Chin".
High cinchona tree with pink foliage grows in inaccessible GOVERNMENTAL, steep slopes of the Andes.
From a distance, resembles our cinchona alder, just leaves it like camellias, leathery and shiny and all the crown has a pinkish hue.
Cinchona bark saved the lives of many Europeans visited rained in tropical countries. Especially rampant malaria in Java. But the government of Peru, where the forests grew hinnye de revya, under pain of death to prohibit the exportation trees, cuttings and seeds of the cinchona tree.
The attempt of the French scientist La Condamine, who studied in the United States rubber seedlings take cinchona failed.
Dutch German botanist Hassekarla persuaded to go to South America on a false passport in the name of Muller.
Only in 1854, with the risk of his life, risking harassment, losing one arm, Hassekarl collected seedlings and seeds of the cinchona tree and sent them on a specially sent the Dutch warship. Saplings and seeds were brought to the island of Java, where the Dutch defeated hinno large plantations of trees, taking away the land from the Javanese. So it was stolen cinchona. After some time, and English "kidnappers valuable trees" managed to take from Peru to India cinchona seeds.
Currently cinchona common in all SRW macroscopic world.
We have, even in the subtropical part of the USSR, cinchona you merzaet. But Soviet botanists began cultivating cinchona as an annual plant. Green cuttings overwinter in greenhouses, and in the spring they are planted on the plantation between pritenyayut schimi their plants. Over the summer hinnye trees reach a height of a man. They are used to produce a "hineta"
To the north is an antimalarial medication may not give you sokoe tree, and a little grass.
On the sunny, dry, sandy or rocky high ground grows small, only 5 — 10 centimeters in height, races tenitse. Tidy light green, narrowed at the base stem of the leaves covered. If we cut the juicy, fleshy leaflet, then he pulled strings slimy juice. This anal tenitse belongs to the family Crassulaceae. The plants belonging to this family — a rabbit cabbage, molodilazhivuchki — leaves too fleshy, thick. The scientific name of the family — krassulyatsee (Crassulaceae) — from the word "crassus" — "fat", "fat."
Our tiny, elegant plant blooms in June — August yellow stars, gathered in the inflorescence. Gold star flower has 5 sharp little petals quinquepartite chashech ki, 5 pistils and stamens 10.
This is referred to as seedlings sedum, or sedum acre (Sedum acre), the words: "sedere" — "sit" and "acre" — "sharp", "bitter." The first name given to the plant for a low growth, the second — for the pungent taste of the leaves. Sedum is very hardy. The dried and squeezed between the leaves herbarium, it remains alive for several years FIR (if not pre-kill it in boiling water) and, once in the natural conditions, can grow again.
Stonecrop — a perennial plant: some of his shoots live 2 years. The first year they only formed leaves, on the second second year shoots blossom. Stonecrop store water in the leaves and it evaporates very little. Its leaves are covered with a thick skin, which has a small number of stomata, and pinned to the ground stalk not blown by the wind.
Stonecrop resistant and scorching sun and lack ater in the soil. But the fall of fruitlets-star revealed only in rainy weather. Small seeds stonecrop rain washed out and carried away by water. Water enters the seeds in the cracks between the stones or seeping through the sand, leaving them on the surface.
Stonecrop — honey plant, but the animals do not eat it succulent leaves: their bitter juice as pepper.
Stonecrop — Old folk medicinal plant, a former long time forgotten, and now again caused the interest of scientists. In 1939 he was allocated from the stonecrop crystalline substance "sedamin" exciting breath bowel movement and helps reduce muscle.
Sedum as a popular medicinal plant had manifolds tion application. Fresh leaves were used as a laxative and in larger amounts — as an emetic. Decoction of the flowers used in the "falling sickness" (epilepsy) and as antiscorbutic medicine. Juice of leaves taken out calluses and blisters treated skin diseases. Root stonecrop part of ointments and tinctures against scrofula. Apply juice of stonecrop and laundry instead of soap when cleaning and washing kitchen utensils and. bottles.
But the most valuable thing in blasting — its anti-malarial properties. Sedum can replace cinchona tree.
Collected during the flowering sedum, without roots, and drying the UT. One and a half grams of dry stonecrop, brewed as tea, enough for three days to stop an attack of malaria. This medication should be in certain doses as directed by the doctor, as stonecrop has in varying amounts in different properties.