Spotted a bruise or Rumyanka | The survival encyclopedia


Spotted a bruise or Rumyanka

Biennial plant with a single erect sturdy stem height (20) 30-60 (80) cm long, bristly hairs. Leaves are numerous, from the bottom of lanceolate to linear below inflorescence, sharp on both sides and so bristly grayish or grayish, the bristles are sitting on large tubercles, middle leaves 4-6 cm long and 0.5-1 cm wide, basal leaves are stored in the part time of flowering. Inflorescence dense, spicate, up to 30 cm, formed with short curls, bracts linear-lanceolate, not exceeding the flowers. Calyx almost to the base of the five-lobed, with linear acute lobes. Corolla tubular-campanulate, 12-15 mm long, dark red, twice as long as calyx, zygomorphic, with an oblique cut and five more unequal ovate-oblong lobes, outside slightly fluffy. Stamens and pistil strongly exserted from corolla tube. The fruits are black. Flowering in May-July, fruiting in June-August.

Pontian steppe species with small ranges, occupying the steppe zone of Central and Southern Europe, many areas of the Caucasus and Asia Minor. In our country, common in the southern half of the European part, going in the north to the river. Eye, and in the east to the Ural River and the Ural Mountains, and in the North Caucasus. In Central Russia is found in all regions of the chernozem zone.

It grows in the plains (often with aspects the mass flowering) and on grassy slopes and among the bushes.

Honey plant. The roots contain coloring pigment alkanin, which was used for the preparation of blush, why this kind of bruise known national name "rumyanka." The roots are also dyed wool in carmine red. In folk medicine used as ranozazhiv-lyayuschego funds.

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