Hamster has a short, dense body length of up to 35 cm (tail — up to 6 cm). The coat is soft, thick, reddish-brown and black on the ridge on the casings, with two white spots on each side.
Hamsters live in all regions of the European part of the USSR to the south line of Yaroslavl-Kirov — Perm, in the Kazakh SSR and Western Siberia. In the North Caucasus produced a relatively large number of small blackish hamster skins are valued much lower skins Hamster. Outside USSR hamsters are found in Czechoslovakia, Poland and Germany.
Hamsters make their homes in the fields, gardens, melon fields, orchards, and forest edges and in river valleys. Deep holes dug with a lot of moves in the bushes, in the furrows and the slopes of ravines. Pregnant females continues 20-21 days. Cubs are born twice a year — in spring and summer. The litter is from 5 to 18 units. After 20-25 days of age the young hamsters to settle in their own burrows.
Food hamsters are seeds, grains, roots, fruits, bulbs, stems of herbs, eggs and chicks, frogs and insects. By the fall of animals accumulate in a hole up to 11 kg of grains and tubers, which are eaten before falling into hibernation in the spring, after waking up. The animals are nocturnal.
Molting fur hamsters happens once a year, from about May to August.
Hamsters deal great damage to agriculture. In a lot of these animals were destroyed in 1925, is extracted hamster traps number 0 and number 1 and number 2 times, installed at the entrances to the burrows at night. In some places, the animals are caught, filling the hole with water or digging them.
Remove, and sort rules the skins of hamsters as well as skin and gophers.
In 1957, for the skin of the hamster is paid at 0,50-1,25 rub. depending on the quality of the fur.
Some part Khomyakov skins are mainly exported to Czechoslovakia. Previously exported abroad hamster curves dressed plate. However, the export of furs USSR Khomyakov fur really matter never had. In 1930 he was shipped overseas from the USSR 1344 thousand skins, in 1935 — 1,456 thousand, in 1939 — 92 thousand, in 1945 — 78 thousand, in 1951 — 285 thousand in 1953 — 195 thousand, in 1955 — 88 thousand, in 2956 — 4 th, 1957 — 9 thousand skins hamster.
From the skins of the hamster in the form of natural and dyed sewing ladies' coats, jackets, hats and children's coats.