Moving a dangerous place, the climber must secure a successful and safe progress on this site. Climber uses for this own equipment and, above all, a rope. The main purpose of the rope-Saving: to keep from further disrupt the climber falling. Alpine climbers rope protects life.
Without mastering the technique of rope can not perform any complex climbing, you can not even provide training and training sessions on the rocks and ice, you can not learn the technique of climbing on rocks. From the first day learning the basics of climbing to familiarize with the safety of a rope.
The higher technology climber, the more difficult route, the more likely to use a rope as an aid when climbing the steep slopes and walls. Widespread free descent on the rope. The reception was the highest technology rock climbing and ice methods such as "zayltsug", "pendulum", etc., are based on the use of ropes and hooks.
Fig. 6. Nodes used climber: A "bowline", B-node conductors, and weaving unit, T-straight knot tied correctly, D-straight knot tied correctly.
Any site that ties the climber must quickly tie and untie, should be simple and robust. Robust unit shall not, untied or delayed. It is often difficult to place accounts for tying knots in a matter of seconds, and you need done this accurately and without errors. Tie and untie knots to automatically, it is easy to achieve multiple, knotting. Knot should not be slippery when falling protracted loop can strangle climber. It is important to maintain the vertical position of the body in case of a fall, it needs to fasten a rope around the body in the chest tight enough not to slip out of it, if a show of hands. From slipping on the hip rope encircling the climber is protected from repshnura suspenders.
"Bowline" (Fig. 6-A). Mountaineer girded end of rope and knot tying. Tied the knot quickly undone easily. He is strong enough, but need to be very careful to tie. This node in the bundle are only extreme climbers.
"Node Explorer" (Fig. 6-B) is tied quickly and easily. Noose is put on the body with the loosened knot, which ultimately delayed the chest. In conjunction climbing this knot is used for medium to extreme mountaineers.
Fig. 7. Prussika node.
To connect two ends of the rope used weaving and direct components.
Weaver's knot (Fig. 6-B) is very useful for binding ropes of different thickness.
Direct node (Fig. 6-D). In the tied wrong node (Fig. 6-D) in the taut rope ends can slide out.
Prussika node is one of the original units that are used in mountaineering. How to tie the knot, it is clear from Fig. 7. "Take a piece repshnura and make a loop, wrap it twice around the loop of the rope, holding each one-way traffic loop directly in the same direction inside the eye, formed at the other end. Ensure that turns around the rope loops were inside the ear."
The main rope take normal diameter, loop made of repshnura end, length 2.5 m, diameter of 6-7 mm. If such a loop, tied a rope to load, then the node will be delayed and the loop will remain stationary. If the loop is weakened, not loaded, you can easily move her hand up and down. In this — the advantage of a loop with a knot Prussika. Since the work site is based on friction knot tied only on dry rope. On a wet rope, especially in cold weather, tying the knot is not recommended. The use of the site is quite wide: MRI care, while climbing, rescue operations, where it is often an indispensable aid. How to use the site, we provide the description of the individual techniques of climbing equipment.