Dislocation and subluxation of the joints

Dislocation and subluxation of the joints refer to damage that requires long-term treatment and the significant term violates efficiency.
At dislocations are broken bags and ligaments of the joint with a shift of the articular ends. The most common dislocation of shoulder and elbow joints (in wrestling, gymnastics and acrobatics, sports games and other sports). Less frequent sprains ankle and finger joints of the hand (when doing sports activities, skiing). Extremely rare sprains knee and hip joints.
When subluxations can not be a gap bag replacement. Is most common pseudoluxation ankle.
When dislocation and subluxation interferes with the normal form of the joint, limited movement in it or become impossible. These features combined with the symptoms that occur when damaged ligaments and bag replacement.
First aid is to immobilize the joint, then the victim as soon as possible to be sent to the surgeon to reposition the joint, immobilizing his plaster splint and further treatment.
Completely unacceptable attempt to reposition dislocated coach or friends, as this may cause additional injury and various complications.
Start training after dislocating the joint can be only after a long and systematic application of therapeutic exercises, providing recovery of function. Term disability sports at dislocations of joints is typically 6-8 weeks.

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