Dislocations are the result of a blunt blow to the areas close to the joints of the body or from a fall onto a hard object and jerks in the limbs. When one dislocation articular surface of the bone is displaced relative to the other. Joint capsule stretches and begins her break. This explains the sharp pain that occurs with little movement. Outwardly noticeable change in the shape of the joint (there is a ledge or cavity).
Basically there are dislocations of the shoulder, elbow, hip and lower jaw. RIGHT dislocation itself or to someone with no experience, almost impossible. To prevent swelling of soft tissues, which prevents reduction of dislocation, the patient should be quickly taken to the hospital. Before transporting the injured to reduce pain to analgin (0.5 g) or, if necessary, a stronger painkiller.
At dislocations of the upper extremities to bandage his hand to the body. Dislocation of the humerus at hand to bend at the elbow, to hang on a belt or scarf, outside splint of cardboard or plywood. Evacuate the victim better when sitting.
When dislocation of the lower limbs must be imposed on the outer surface of the tire, bandage it above and below the dislocation. In the absence of the injured limb pribintovyvayut tires to good leg. In the hospital the patient is delivered lying on a stretcher. Jawfall more often bilateral. When it comes forward jaw, mouth open, very flowing saliva.