Burns usually occur in the bivouac by careless handling of fire or general confusion around the hearth. Most often it is small and not dangerous burns: someone took the hot handle of the bucket, or adjusting the wood, and touched his hand to the coals or flame. But there may be more serious burns: for example, in the evening duty was removed from the fire with a bucket of boiling water or porridge and set aside, and someone in the dark, it is not making out, knocked on your feet. Burns can occur from the fact that near the fire starts to melt synthetic fabric, for example, if someone decided to dry socks or pants, not removing them.
For small burns should quickly put the place burn in cold water for 15 minutes. Then impose a compress of gauze soaked with alcohol (cologne, a dark-red solution of potassium permanganate, baking soda). Usually this is enough, and formed in situ burn painful redness 2-3 days pass. In more severe burns plus the burned area for about 15 minutes impose tight bandage, this largely prevents the formation of bubbles. If bubbles do occur, it is recommended after the measures taken in the bivouac, before going out on a route to impose on deification place sintomitsinovoy emulsion (penicillin ointment, etc.) and then a bandage.
In severe, extensive burns (if, for example, if the burned clothing or young camper tipped over a bucket of boiling water) must first of all get rid of further burning effects: put out clothes, throwing a blanket on the victim, wind, etc. and then quickly remove it, soaked in boiling water to help remove (soup, cereal, etc.) clothing, if necessary – to cut it. At the same place where the pieces of clothing stuck to the skin, do not tear off, so as not to cause further injury, and must be carefully cut around and bandage over it. It should also lubricate the place burn some fat (petroleum jelly, cooking oil, etc.), as it is difficult to follow the doctor, surgical care. Necessary to impose a sterile dressing to prevent infection (you can patch with alcohol) and take steps to deliver the victim to the clinic. Severe burns are accompanied by severe pain, and here it is necessary to take measures against the development of shock, as already mentioned above.