History of geological and hydrogeological studies Truskavets District 3

In 1912-1914. detailed geological survey Borislav oil region spent Kropachek, made a number of original views on the stratigraphy and tectonic structure of it. From 1916 to 1925, in the north-western part of the Eastern Carpathians geomorphological studies carried S. Rudnitsky. This explorer charted their orography and set several cycles of erosion in the area. In 1925, a small summary of the results of geological observations made between Truskavets and Stebnyk, published by G. Sizankur. In 1939, edited by K. Tolvinskogo published a geological map of the Eastern Carpathians, compiled on the basis of the material gathered in the course of 20 years of geological research carried Buyal'skiy B., B. Bruderfom, I. Glebovskoye, L. Horwitz, S. Krajewski, J. Novak, G. and G. Teyserom Sizankurom. In 1937-1939. geological studies were conducted in Truskavets Obtulovichem J., J. Zelinsky, W. Kuzhnyarom.
Although geologopoiskovye for oil followed by drilling deep wells, aquifers penetrated various stratigraphic levels and depth, the study of groundwater have been neglected. In this regard, the list of published works in this period, the groundwater district includes only three names: a schematic sketch of groundwater district Borislav published K. Tolvinskim in 1922, analysis of drilling water in the same district, prepared by Katz and emerged into the light s 1927, and a description of mineral water Ciscarpathians composed V. Shaynohoy and appears in the book market in 1937
From the work, directly related to mineral water district Truskavets note study chemistry "Naftusya", made in 1925, the Polish organic chemist L. Marchlewski. He defined it volatile and non-volatile organic compounds, traces of lithium and iron, carbon dioxide, and is considered the first cause of its beneficial effect on the human body. Later came the theoretical study of this problem for flash Yu (1931), S. Lyaskovsky (1933), 3. Orlovsky (1936), V. Proshovskogo (1937) based mainly on the material of the previous researchers.
That, in fact, ends with a list of basic geological and hydrogeological studies, performed in the area at a time when the western regions of Ukraine were part of Poland. They certainly made an independent stage in the knowledge of the geological structure and hydrogeological conditions of it, but, as can be seen from the above, given some of the material for this, especially with regard to groundwater, including mineral waters Truskavets.
The enormous scale of geological research in the district received immediately after the liberation in 1939, the western regions of Ukraine, and reuniting them in a single Ukrainian Republic. Since that time, the second phase of its geological and hydrogeological studies.
In the early years of this phase group of Soviet geologists under the leadership of N. Byhovera was a summary of data on the geology and mineral resources of the western regions of Ukraine, including area Maximus and C. 3. Saydakovsky, KI Macs and AE Babinets – summary of data on underground fresh and mineral waters in the same territory.
World War II led to a sharp decline of geological research in the area. In this period on the area Truskavets – Borislav small volume exploration, due mainly to the identification of tectonic structure and oil and gas it produced under VI Berlyavskogo and NR Ladyzhenskaya. After the war, the volume of geological research in the area of the newly risen sharply. These studies were done here research institutes AN USSR, All-Union Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration (VNIGRI), Moscow Geological Prospecting Institute. Ordzhonikidze (MGRI), industrial associations and Ukrnafta Ukrgaz, exploration trusts Ukrneftegazrazvedka, Lvovuglegeologiya, Ukrainian Geological Survey of the Ministry of Geology of the USSR and some other organizations.

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