Melilotus officinalis | The survival encyclopedia


Melilotus officinalis

Common names: melilot Yellow, Yellow burkun, mole grass.

Description. Biennial herbaceous plant of the legume family. Has branched stem 50-150 cm Leaves are alternate, small, ternate with subulate stipules. The flowers are yellow, small, scented, clustered in elongated brush. Blooms in June-September. Fruit — a bean.

It occurs in dry meadows, wastelands, roadsides, housing, on the slopes of ravines, field edges. Often grows in 3.4, at least in the 2, rarely 1.5 phytogeographical districts of the Perm region.

Clover — one of the best honey plants in Perm with long flowering (up to 3 months). His sown about apiaries. From sugars fructose predominates.

In medicine, the use of clover grass, flowering tops.

Grass contains coumarin (a substance with the smell of fresh hay, prevents blood clotting), proteins, protein, fat, fiber, purine derivatives, essential oils, resins, tannins, glycosides, mucus, vitamin C and carotene.

In medicine use infusion as an expectorant, emollient, carminative, analgesic, wound healing, sedative. Used for bronchitis, colds, insomnia, hypertension, increased blood clotting, with thrombophlebitis. The crushed leaves applied to tumors for their tender, to the wounds to pull pus. Contraindicated clover low blood clotting.

The young leaves and flowers of clover can use in food.

Beef hash with sweet clover. 50 g of cooked lean meat or kolbasTs, 70 g of fresh cucumbers, 50 g of boiled potatoes, 1 boiled egg, 20 g of young leaf clover, mustard and mashed with salt, 0.5 liters of kvass sour cream or mayonnaise.

Chop, pour kvass, stir, add mayonnaise or sour cream

Soup with sweet clover. 1 liter of water to 100 g of sweet clover, 130 grams of potatoes, 30 grams of rice, 1 onion onions, oil and spices. You can cook the soup in meat broth.

Salad with sweet clover. 30 g of young leaf clover, 60 g of fresh cucumbers, 30 g green onions, half a boiled egg, 30 g sour cream or mayonnaise.

Cucumber slice and sprinkle with chopped onion, sweet clover, decorate with sliced eggs, sour cream or mayonnaise before serving. You can add to the salad boiled potatoes, primrose roots, vegetable oil.

Refilling of Doinikov. Dried leaves and blossoms of clover crushed, used for refueling of soups, salads, meat dishes, to flavor stewed.

Drink from the sweet clover. 15 g of dried leaves and blossoms of clover, 15 g sugar, 1 liter of water, 3 tablespoons. tablespoons cranberry juice.

Melilotus pour hot water, add sugar, bring to a boil, add the cranberries, drain. Serve chilled.

Attention! Do not use white sweet clover (with white flowers). It is poisonous, dangerous.

Angelica, Diagel called. Growth beyond me. Cut the stalk — everyone knows and now he Doody.

S. Glumov

 

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