Trees up to 15 m high. Distribution: European part (south and south-east), the Caucasus and the Far East.
Contain flavonoids (including catechins), triterpenoids, phytosterols, glycityl, carbohydrates to 7.6% in the fruit P. communis L, as well as phenols, feioliye acid glycosides and established structure. Marked tannins to 0.3% of the fruit of P. communis. Detected organic acids to 1.3% in the fruit P. communis, vitamin C.
Drug (P. communis). Therapeutic action — astringent, sedative, analgesic, wound healing — the fruit. Indications — kidney and urinary tract: in nephritis, cystitis, diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea, infections / infestations: dysentery, tumors: malignant neoplasms — fruit.
In the experiment, the leaves exhibit antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral activity.
Food. Edible fresh or processed form: fruits P. communis, P. ussuriensis Kovalev et Kostina; coffee substitute: seeds P. communis.
Materials. For making turning and carpentry: wood, dye (brown): bark P. communis.
Stern. For large and small ruminants, pigs: P. communis.
Melliferous. P. communis (also perganosnoe), P. ussuriensis.