The beginning of all beginnings of human life is bread. By bakery will man so accustomed that without him for a long time it was difficult to manage. Outstanding Russian scientist Clement ARCADE evich Timiryazev in one of his lectures, said of the bread:
"A lot of it really came up with the idea that lo mot good baked wheat bread … is one of the greatest inventions of the human mind, one of those open … ty, which later research effort is necessary only to confirm and explain … to make the invisible culture of another organism — yeast, which the German botanist Rees rightly called the simplest of our cultivated plants. Call on the culture of this fungus in the dough and put in order for a heavy, viscous mass to become a light puzyrcha thuja finally embrace it and make the heat to harden in the porous state, which, thanks to its huge surface of contact with the juices pischepriemnogo channel made it easily digestible. "
Bread contains all the necessary human feeder nye substance, ie proteins, fats and carbohydrates (starch and sugar). According to the number of these substances and determined the value of the food.
In 100 grams of white bread contains 9 grams of protein Cove, 0.5 grams fat, 1 gram of sugar, 46 grams of starch. That's why, from time immemorial, for over five thousand years, mankind has cultivated one of the major grain crops — wheat.
No chance that the authors of adventure novels like Vat planted their Robinsons in giving nutritious dates and coconuts growing grain tree artokarpus, or jak tree, from family mulberry. Many of the trees in the humid tropical forests of India, the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas. tropical countries. There, except palms
Straight from the trunk bark breadfruit trees dangle large green fruit weighing 20 pounds, up to 90 centimeters long and 50 centimeters wide. Tree fruiting from November to August.
Breadfruit is cut into sheets and bake or first fermented in pits — get the dough out to torogo make tortillas and other foods, adding to the bread-fruit pulp of coconut oil or milk, orange juice.
On the island of Tahiti from the bast breadfruit make tissue degree cable inflorescences are used as tinder and a wick, timber is built; cortex — the manufacture of paint, latex mixed with coconut oil gives the glue. Large leathery leaves UT is replaced paper towels, plates and even hats.
Many are tropical plants — date-, coconut fingers, we and others — used diverse inhabitants of those places.
Well in the tropics, but what do We, the followers of Robinson, in the forests of the North?
Search the forest plants that can replace bread.