Mastery of the bivouac of work has a special place in the preparation of the tourist. Here is why. During the day, tourists are distributed like this: 8:00 go eight hours of sleep eight hours of bivouac. The first two terms are the irreducible value. So, all the fun that a tourist wants to implement in the campaign (survey monuments, performing community service jobs, picking berries and swimming, the ability to talk and songs around the campfire, etc.), it must do by reducing the time bivouac works . Unfortunately, very often young tourists, especially traveling in large groups, are bivouac work so lazily and erratically that they, along with fees even take more than 8 hours a day.
That's why as long as the young tourists have not learned to spend the morning and evening bivouac work on a couple of hours before the campaigns in which they are involved, it is meaningless to put any other purpose than the route and mastering tourist equipment. Charging such a group to perform any job makes no sense. Implement them, it can only be at the expense of sleep time or passage.
Until romp with bivouac could last for an indefinite period, the life of the group is based on the principle: "Let's go out, when can we arrive at where we can." The group, which owns the bivouac equipment, lives on a different principle: "Let's go out, when there has, we arrive where you want to."
But with such a group is already possible to make an exciting journey to take challenging tasks, schedule regular bold plans.
Thus, we consider the issues related to the mastery of bivouac equipment. This will include site selection camp, bivouac organization works, the installation of tents, folding bivouac. Essentially here is should enter fires, drying clothes and shoes, cooking. But making a fire (because of the importance of this issue) separate chapter, and the two issues are discussed in the chapters "Equipment" and "Power in the campaign."