Verbena officinalis

Perennial herb with erect branched stems quadrangular rigid height from 20 to 100 cm, appressed-pubescent on the faces. The leaves are opposite, sessile, ovate or oblong, 4-8,5 cm and 4.1 cm, bottom — pinnatifid, medium — trifid, tupozubchatye large, upper-incised-crenate or entire. Flowers numerous, clustered in axillary spikes, which together form a common apical paniculate inflorescences. Bracts acute, shorter than the calyx. Calyx tubular, fold pyatirebristaya, with five short sharp teeth, with the remaining fruit and increasing in size. Corolla light purple, funnel-shaped, with a cylindrical tube and a five-blade curved contour with unequal shares (three larger). The fruits are brown or brown, shiny, oblong-linear, 1.8-2 mm long and 0.5-0.7 mm in diameter. Blooms from June to September, the fruits ripen from July to oktyabr.Rastenie with extensive habitat, which occupies a large area in Europe, Asia, North and South America, and Australia. In our country, is found in the European part of the North Caucasus. In Central Russia is known as a rare plant in Bryansk, Kursk and Lipetsk regions.

It grows on the banks of ponds, vacant lots, gardens, vegetable gardens, roadsides.

Contains essential oil with camphor smell. The roots are used in pickling cucumbers to give them a special flavor. First verbena widely used in medicine.

As an ornamental plant breeding and other verbena.

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