Infectious and parasitic diseases common to humans and animals, called antropozornozami. A person infected by them in contact with sick animals, their carcasses during skinning, butchering carcasses, etc. Infection can also occur as a result of eating the meat of infected animals, contaminated water and by mosquitoes and ticks.
Anthrax — acute febrile disease of domestic and wild animals and humans. Animals infected by infected food and to drink. Man — when removing the skins and leather processing of infected animals, often sick with cutaneous. Personal hygiene — reliable protection against the disease. In case of illness — immediate access to a doctor.Rabies — acute infectious disease. When assaying sick animals required a doctor's visit for special events on the rabies vaccination. In case of delayed treatment death occurs a hundred times out of a hundred. Dogs, for a long time living in cottages and hunting breeds of dogs should be mandatory to vaccinate against rabies. Grafting is done at stations and veterinary hospitals for free.
Brucellosis — disease of domestic and wild animals, wolves, foxes, hares, birds, sparrows, pigeons, pheasants, etc. People usually become infected by eating infected meat rabbit. Observe the rules of hygiene. In case of illness to see a doctor. Symptoms: fever up to 40 degrees, a fever, which in some cases repeatedly returned.
Tularemia — infectious disease. Most suffer from rodents, fur-bearing animals. Vectors are ticks, mosquitoes, horseflies, flies Zhigalko. When the disease affects the lymph nodes, spleen, and lungs. Complaints of headaches, dizziness, nausea, insomnia, agitation, delirium, lethargy, etc. Infection occurs through the digestive organs and the respiratory tract. Prevention — Hygiene. Consult doctor in case of infection is mandatory.
Ornithosis or psittacosis — infectious disease of domestic and wild birds and humans from birds sick chickens, pheasants, ducks, pigeons, gulls, parrots and other disease virus dies within 15 minutes at a temperature of 65-70 degrees, the ice is stored up to 2 months, resistant to drying. Dies in a 3% solution of chlorine bleach in 3 hours is possible with human disease plucking feathers and cutting carcasses of infected birds. The disease begins with a fever and weakness, accompanied by headache and pain in the joints. In the case of disease — hospitalization in infectious diseases hospital.
Toxoplasmosis — disease of wild and domestic animals, and is transmitted to man. The disease causes mass death of animals. Detected and eliminated by medical and veterinary services.
Ringworm — fungal infection of the skin. Human infection is usually from dogs and cats, of the home. Compulsory veterinary hospitals for livestock and access to a doctor for a person.
Fasciolasis — hepatic parasitic disease of deer, elk, rabbits, beaver, nutria, squirrels and cattle. Parasites, instilling in the bile ducts of the liver, causing inflammation there. A person infected by eating infected liver infected animal. Treatment is mandatory.
Aikrotselioz — hepatic parasitic disease of elk, deer, roe deer, bears, rabbits, beaver, nutria, and livestock. A person infected by eating the liver of infected animals. The infectious agent — a small spear-shaped fluke, a parasite in the bile ducts. Treatment is mandatory.
Trichinosis. The disease is caused by a parasitic worm small — Trichinella. Size it 3-4 mm. The main carrier of Trichinella — wild boar, but may be ill and dogs, pigs, cats, foxes, martens, Hori, bobcats, bears, moles, etc. People and animals are infected by eating meat, which are the larvae of the parasite. Symptoms appear in the first hours: digestive tract disorder, nausea, flatulence, vomiting, pain in the bowel, headache, a feeling of heaviness in the limbs, weakness, fever, to 09.10 the day the temperature reaches 40-41 degrees face and swollen eyelids, muscles become hard and painful. When infecting a large number of larvae, death can occur as a result of respiratory paralysis or pneumonia. Treatment is carried out under medical supervision.
Echinococcosis — helminthic disease. Infection of humans occurs by contact with sick animals. The disease is very dangerous, is affected, usually the liver. Treatment under medical supervision.
Bothriocephaliasis carnivores caused by helminth lentetsom wide reaching 12.8 meters in length and 2 cm in width are sick dogs, foxes, wolves and other carnivores. A person infected through contact with sick animals or poorly roasted meat contaminated fish: pike, perch, burbot, perch, trout, etc.
The diseases caused by contaminated fish meat, usually associated with fish worms. One of the common diseases of this kind is opisthorchiasis — invasive disease caused by a parasite living in the liver or the pancreas. Infection occurs through eating raw fish. Host the larvae of this disease are the fish of the carp family: ide, carp, bream, roach, dace, tench, podust, chub, bream, rudd, gudgeon, carp. Larvae opisthorchiasis not the case with salmon and sturgeon.
Second known invasive disease transferred sick fish — bothriocephaliasis. Her vectors are pike, perch, burbot, ruff, trout, salmon, grayling, whitefish. The larvae of helminths (worms) found in meat and fish roe. They are very difficult to detect because they are too small. Symptoms are typical: malaise, headache, fever, disruption of the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, and fatigue. The disease manifests itself in 2-3 weeks after infection. Successfully cured with timely to see a doctor.
Safety measures for fish consumption:
- Any fish should be well fried, brown to dark brown or boil thoroughly before whitening eye lens.
- To make sure that at cutting raw fish small pieces have not been put in the mouth.
- Often during the cutting of fish rinse your hands with water.
- At minus 15 degrees disinfected fish during the day.
- When pickling in brine fish disinfected within 14-15 days followed vymochkoy, under the yoke holding period is reduced to 3-4 days.