- on the bite necessary to put a drop of any kind of oil (vegetable, machine) to block his access to air;
- after tick wrinkled his tweezers to grab and retrieve untwist smooth circular movements.
In the absence of tweezers, you can use regular thread:
- need to thread between the body of the tick and the skin;
- stretch the thread to the sides;
- light circular motion to pull the tick.
Extracted the tick can crush nail and the more fingers! If the tick is infected glaring — is the surest way to get infected with encephalitis.
A knife to cut the tick in no case is also impossible, since Then you cut the bread to them and perhaps other products.
The bite, you must immediately lubricate Zelenka (tincture of brilliant green, 3-5%), iodine (tincture of iodine) or alcohol (min 70 °).
Incise and cauterize the skin in any case impossible. Be sure to seek medical attention after first aid bitten by a mite.
Relatively clinic. Statistics says that of all the mites, only 5 — 10% — infected encephalitis. Ie the probability of disease is 1:10. In short the probability of disease is not that big.
Adults who suffer the disease much easier. But this is not salvation, because Encephalitis can be a pretty sad consequences not only of death, but also in the form of a strong nervous system disorders, including life disable some zhiznennonvazhnyh bodies.
If you wish to protect themselves — must inject themselves tick immunoglobulin, preferably in the first 3 days after a tick bite. Calculation of injection is simple: 1 gram per 1 kg of the weight. Truth is not a panacea for the disease, but this reduces the likelihood of severe injection effects. The question price is not cheap — about $ 1000.
In principle, it is necessary to comply with another condition: remove the tick must be extremely careful to not come off his head and did not remain in the skin. Why? Because the virus is found in the saliva of the tick. If possible, take the body of the tick immediately in the SES and in the same turn in the analysis. Test time analysis — one day (cost funny — about 30 rubles). If the virus is not present, the incubation period is about 2 — 4 weeks.
In the absence of symptoms (fever, body aches, headache) — hope all is well. If symptoms are present — it is better to see a doctor! Need to visit the infectious disease in his clinic. But in any first in SES.
TBE can be transmitted from pets and such, to use fresh milk from an infected cow.
The best protection against tick-borne encephalitis vaccine is still prevention. This prevention involves two steps: 1. autumn (October-November), the first inoculation, 2. Spring (March — April) — Re. Following vaccination in a year, and then every three years. Forest walks can make after the second vaccination. This course helps the body to develop long-lasting immunity.
To physicians, of course, there is an urgent prevention conducted on short circuit. The interval between the first and second vaccination — 1 — 2 months, 1 year after the third. Need to know. that immunity resulting emergency vaccination is lower than usual.
Children also need to vaccinate against tick-borne encephalitis. To do this, there are vaccines domestic and import manufacturers. They differ on age of use: domestic vaccine (manufacturer Tomsk, Moscow) with a 3-year, German — with 12 years with the Austrian one-year.
Encephalitis ticks can be carriers of Lyme disease (Lyme disease, tick-borne Lyme disease, laymborrelioz). This is — an infectious nidal transmissible disease that is caused by spirochetes and transmitted by ticks, which has a tendency to destruction of skin, nervous system, musculoskeletal system and the heart. The disease manifests itself in the form of irritation around the bite with a diameter of about 10 cm for the course of the disease has its own method of treatment and prevention. But this is a separate issue.