There has recently been new social trends, in fact reviving we mentioned earlier "gift economy." If services are to each other (gifts) are becoming common, we need something to fix the acts of donation: there are interest-free medium of exchange, in which can be anything. The highlight of that society is money, not the economy. They are equally accessible to all, and most importantly, available to mothers with children and the elderly. It turns out that children and the elderly society needs! That kindness, peace, mutual respect, stable relationship is more important than profit.
The money – they can still be called a mutual loan money (we call them the coupons themselves, not to be confused with the interest of the economy with money) – were in use during the Great Depression 1929 – early 1930. Today, hundreds of communities around the world to trade or mutual assistance apply coupons, and even go without fixing any acts of giving. In Argentina, after two decades of Gdańsk default initiative citizens created a kind of mutual barter, which included more than a hundred thousand people, and is off of the market economy. Topics and survived.
Such a "communal economy"Works, because the incidence of mutual tax provided by any law, and the amount can be estimated. However, except for New Zealand, and to some extent Japan, and elsewhere do not support these additional non-interest rates, experience of their introduction is not promoted, and they oppose the central banks. It is clear why: to collect taxes from subsistence and barter – a hopeless task, but only for tax collection and needs the state, "closed with the money," citizens – in other words, the subjects. Correct the song sung in the famous B. Butusova: "We will remember as long as we do not pay for the light."
But if the elite of all countries have little touches, like the population of what lives and whether it is still alive at all, then the well being of corporations, it is very concerned about. Really is where the elite would agree to anything that helps to reduce costs and accelerate the turnover, because it turns TNK increased revenues from which the elite live. She agreed and non-currency sales between the different forms of transnational corporations.
Many believe that barter – a primitive form of trade, unobtrusive to the economy. Postwar practice of this phenomenon (barter U.S. and the Soviet Union or third countries) due to a lack of hard currency in these countries. If, say, they had it, then – no barter. Error! In the hard-currency "barter" is well under way. In the U.S., hundreds of barter exchanges, and even up to a quarter of world trade is conducted by means of barter, that is without nationality or any other currency. Company Pepsi-Cola, for example, a profit of Russia in the form of vodka, which it then sells to the U.S. and Europe for cash. And the French built in the Middle East, nuclear power plants on account of payments for oil.
In the barter industry consists of two major trade associations: the Association of International Mutual Trade (International Reciprocal Trade Association, IRTA) and the Corporate Council on barter (Corporate Barter Council, CBC). Issued a special magazine Barter News; in 1997, he estimated the total world barter $ 650 billion with an annual increase of 15%, that is, barter is growing much faster than the currency of the transaction.
In connection with these processes has received new the meaning of "commodity money." Earlier, during the long wars and civil unrest, for so-called, which had a direct utilitarian benefit even in the absence of the rule of law. Salt and cigarettes – the war; "bottle of" – in modern Russian village. And TNCs have their own product, which in barter exchange looks like money. For a company Pepsi-Cola is, incidentally, the same "bottle of." So it can prevent any corporation established on the basis of these "commodity money" its currency? It is in contrast to the U.S. dollar will have a least some of the material filling!
Recently, in addition to "non-currency" barter, appeared in a variety of new forms of corporate payment means, such as the various options already mentioned "flight miles." In the U.S., corporations are often swap rooms in hotels or places to advertise on the radio or television for other goods and services. Breakthrough in this area occurred in connection with the development of the Internet. Hundreds of projects have been proposed to computerize traditional national currencies, and new forms of private currencies. The largest (in the recent past), the seller in the Network – Cendant – issued their own "network cash», netMarket Cash; first dual currency credit card payments for a mixture of private dollars and currencies have been tested in Minneapolis in 1997 …
That's what the Washington Post reported at the end of XX century: "One of the most intriguing phenomena of this decade, the financial becomes constant increase in the importance of" private money ", produced by companies in order to lock their customers in their" economic system. " Once this kind of private money – creaking cards – associated with the railway, the armed forces and the Great Depression. Today, these shady currency qualify as "elite currency '."
If the ruble may become convertible, why can not become any convertible corporate currency?
Volatile economy, the emergence of the current stage in the evolution of a range of new payment instruments clearly show that the world is in transition. Today still likely as much trouble (for all), and much progress (on the "ground"). Predict what will happen when and how, it is difficult, but it is clear that some of the emerging technologies of money can make society more violent than any of us can imagine …
Whenever currency occurs in the community, it is implicitly determines who holds the power in this community. So, when the priests were in power, that the temples release the money. When kings ruled, they had the sovereign right to issue currency. In the Industrial Age model of government was the nation-state, and national interest rates automatically dominated. Three adverse events generated interest: competition, the need for endless growth and the concentration of wealth – led us through the Industrial Revolution. Now the industrial era is gone, the beginning age of information. The power flowing out of the hands of national states, and now the new rulers of the world derive their currencies to the arena. Will they interest or not, only electronically or as material, is unknown. But the thing is certain: the system established multinationals to them actually serve.
And one more thing that can be said about the percentage.
A radical feature of modern information product that in its production is improving resource, not exhaustion, increased consumption of information-products contributes to, and does not prevent the accumulation of capital, and, most importantly, information products can be implemented many times, bringing profit to the owner, remaining that his property. Since the product features are transferred Interest inherent previously only money. Any attempts by countries – consumers informprodukta "catch up" with the developed countries, mobilizing the traditional factors of production, are doomed to failure. It new inequality causes no expansion of the western world, as most analysts thought, but an intrinsic property of the product!
Information technologies are changing the structure of the financial structure of the world. Yesterday the bank used its monopoly holders of information on the financial market. Now that computers are unexpectedly opened direct access to the quotations in the financial markets over the land went from the banks under their feet. Many corporations use the situation to issue their own notes, ignoring the commercial banks, and they do not cope with this change: since 1980, more than a third of U.S. banks have merged or disappeared, and the remaining have significantly reduced staff.
Old "banking houses" have sunk into oblivion. For control of the new forms of money at once began a fierce struggle. On the one hand, the surviving banks became like a computerized telecommunications companies. On the other – a company engaged in telecommunications, computer hardware and software, the leading credit card processing and trade on the Internet and even cable TV, found themselves able to provide many of the traditional banking services.
The new information economy helped create an unprecedented concentration of power in the hands of a very small group of billionaires, "informational" Barons, a mere apology which can be regarded as those who benefit from the wealth of the industrial era and earlier, in the era of "wild capitalism" primitive accumulation. Control of new electronic systems of money in the long run will be supported by the power to create money. And with their own money, and complete information about the financial market, the corporations will simply omnipotent over people and nature.
New corporate financial system will inevitably exacerbate the problem of unemployment, which has exacerbated the problem of mothers with children and the elderly, will destroy the culture of people and ultimately ruin the nature.
Electronic forms of money – whether the old national currencies and corporate payment facilities – ideal for keeping track of who and what to buy. The buyer has the goods! Most valuable to marketers get massive database of consumers. The temptation to combine the information carried by the bar code products and personal customer identification code, almost irresistible.
And all this already! When the scenario omnipotence TNK trend of further invasion of privacy simply skyrocket.