drinking regime, regulation of volume, frequency, and chemical. of fluid intake with Financials account. load state of the human and climate. conditions. Rational water schedule should provide optimal fluid and electrolyte balance (the ratio of number you received in the body and the removal of water from it, and miner. Salts) and high human performance. Drinking rate depends on the age, sex, body weight, physical. activity, the rate-ture of the environment and other factors. In normal comfort in a day on average adult needs 35 — 40 ml of water per 1 kg of body weight. When water shortages occur thirst, dry mouth, decreased appetite, decreased sweating, falling performance. The excess water in the body can occur due to violation of thermoregulation and excessive water consumption in a hot humid climate, which is accompanied by weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting.
V.-s. p. closely associated with the regime power because the food arrives so. amount of water and minerals. salt, to-rye determine body's need for water and the ability to hold it in the blood and tissues. Consumption of foods rich in proteins and minerals. salt increases the demand for water. During the tour. campaign as undesirable and excessive consumption of water and the rejection of palates, the suppression of thirst (with salt and salt-containing beverage), t. because it is equally reduces efficiency and emotional person. The daily amount of water needed tourist varies widely depending on the climatic. conditions Financials. loads and degree of preparedness marcher. Eg., In the hot desert p-tries requiring compensation only water loss through sweat up to 10 liters per day.
In easy walking tourists usually abundant enough (until thirst) drinking at dinner and more limited. count liquids for breakfast. Usually in the morning and in the evening requires 0.5 — 0.7 liters per person, about the same amount used in the lunch or snack. On hot days, if the route is not anticipated sources of water, it is necessary to have a reserve for a snack and short halts at the rate of 0.7 — 1.0 liters per person.
Drink on the route recommended by small rest stops in small portions (100 — 150 ml), which promotes improved thermoregulation of pain in the body. Unquenchable thirst on the route, usually indicates a weak Financials. preparation or disease marcher. Should drink slowly, in small sips, adding citric acid to the water, and sports. dry mixture of the "Olympia", fruit syrups. Well proved dry drink of the "pop" to-ing easily made from baking soda and citric acid. Good thirst quencher iced tea, the solution is concentrated. tomato juice or a paste with salt. '' You can drink the water as sugar, sweets or dried fruit jam. You should not drink until thirst, to eliminate dry mouth can suck dry fruits, sour candy.
In winter hikes when you can not produce drinking water in motion, and Half drink water for breakfast and dinner often does not satisfy the need for it, it is desirable to have a supply of liquid (tea, soup) in thermoses rate of 0.5 — 0.8 l per person. In the mountains, especially in the p-tries with a hot climate, there is increased water loss in mainly through the lungs because of the increase in pulmonary ventilation. To compensate for these losses in the diet is administered to 5 liters of fluid in a diff. beverages. If there is no open-source water is collected vinyl chloride pipes from rocks or from the edges of snowfields. Efficient production of water from the snow in the sun, sketched a thin layer to shovel or polyethylene.
See also Water drinking.