White mulberry, mulberry

Homeland white mulberry — China, Japan. Imported to Europe in the VII century. along with silkworms. Bred in Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Crimea, in the south of the European part (up to the line Volgograd — Belgorod — Chernigov).'' There are fruit trees in Moscow and Leningrad.

12-20 m tall tree trunk bark brown and fissured. In young trees, rounded crown with age it becomes spreading. Young branches are light green or reddish-brown with light lenticels, bark, branches covered with fine hairs. The leaves are quite large, 1-3-lobed, serrated on the edge, cordate at base, acute at the top, usually irregularly-lobed. Often on the same tree, even on the same branch of the leaves are very different in form. In the summer the leaves are dark green, straw-yellow in autumn. Blooms in April — May, along with foliage. Inconspicuous flowers are collected in earrings. Ovoid or spherical seedheads different tones — from off-white to purple, the structure reminiscent of raspberries or blackberries, taste juicy and sugary-sweet, mature in June — July. They can be eaten raw or dried.

Propagated by seeds, layers, root cuttings. At a young age is growing rapidly. Quite hardy. In the northern areas to the level of frosting of snow, but quickly recovered.

There are more than 400 varieties and forms of mulberry leaves and the different shape of the crown, fruit color and other features. The main purpose of cultivation of mulberry — getting leaves — food for silkworms. As an ornamental tree planting mulberry in parks and on the streets. You can use it to create hedges, for covering irrigation ditches and erosion control plantings in steppe areas. The leaves are used as raw materials for the paint. Wood has good mechanical properties and is used in joinery.

It grows well on loose fertile loam or loamy soils.

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