Europeans have recently become so accustomed to Potato without it, for without bread, can not do without.
Meanwhile, potato is not so long ago appeared in the Euro rope, and the story of his very curious.
More than four years ago, a boy of thirteen Ped ro Cheza de Leon secretly snuck aboard the Spanish conquistadors, the first conquerors of South America, and with it ended up in an amazing country of Peru. Spanish soldiers and officers were looking for gold. They killed the Peruvians and burned their houses.
Pedro looked a little surprised eyes to the strange building elaborate on things and trying to learn how to live, what they eat, what they do, "bronze", the Peruvian people of the country. He watched and everything down.
In 1553, in the Spanish city of Seville was a book Cheza Pedro de Leon – "Chronicle of Peru." And here we find the first mention of the potato.
"Poppa – a special kind of peanuts, being welded,
They are soft, like baked chestnut, while they are covered with skin as thin peel truffles "- wrote Pedro Cheza
First tried the potato Spanish sailors. Then potatoes came to Italy, where the Peruvian "Pappu" called "Tartufo-Foley," then he has appeared in other countries. But in France in the late XVIII century, originally used potatoes: potato flowers adorned her hair, made them bouquets. On potato flowers established a fashion that had do artificial, because the living was not enough. In Germany, the cultivated potato in the flowerbeds in front of palaces.
Only at the beginning of the last century due to the hot propane Gandhi chemist Antoine Parmentier were cultivated in France potatoes for food.
In Russia, the potatoes were bred over a hundred years ago. Prior to that royal officials were forced farmers to plant potato Fel, causing "potato riots", because the peasants did not want to put "damn apple."
Now potatoes everywhere common, and every nation believes it has long been known native plant.
Potatoes – a "heavy" product containing 80 percent water, not always take it with you on a long trip. Yes and need but a tried and tested nature of the scout, a hunter for plants to take with potatoes, going into the woods? After all, a wonderful substitute for potato growing on the banks of rivers and ponds. It is difficult to confuse with other plants. It Water Bolt, or Arrowhead.
Leaves it as an arrow sticking out of the water. On the stem – inflorescence of white flowers arranged whorls of three flower. Upper flowers staminate, lower – pistillate. Each flower has six petals, but it seems that there are three. The upper flowers of purple stamens.
Journeying in the boat by flowering arrowhead, it seems that the flowers look at you "wondering eyes" – purple spots.
Below the inflorescence of pistillate flowers produced fruit – green beads coated with multiple spikes.
Under water at arrowhead ribbonlike leaves, soft, did Vai flowing water under the ground – roots, the ends of which nodules the size of a walnut. They contain 35 percent starch. Nodules arrowhead and a half times less watery and much richer in starch than potatoes. They are five times more protein than in potato tubers. Fresh arrowhead tubers taste of raw nuts, boiled peas resemble, and baked – just like potatoes.
Many Native American tribes from time immemorial ate arrowhead tubers and rhizomes. In North America it is called "white potatoes Indians."
Arrowhead tubers and rhizomes, like potatoes, perfectly baked in the ashes of the fire.
In China Arrowhead cultivated as a vegetable plant. Any land under the water, where it grows Arrowhead, fertilize and loosen. The tubers are made from larger and their number increases. With a single plant collected by the Chinese ten – fifteen tubers weighing up to 14 grams each. Try to get more crop arrowhead, growing near the shore, by loosening the soil and fertilizers. Tubers of the Chinese cook, cut into slices, strung on a rope and hang to dry up like mushrooms. The dried tubers ME Ev. Flour for use as a starch jelly. Tubers Shooter sheet long use in France as a gourmet meal.
Arrowhead belongs to the family Pastukhov. Scientific names tion arrowhead: sagittariya sagittifoliya (Sagittaria sagittifo – li a), from the Latin word "Sagitta" (sagitta) – "Boom" and "Folium" (folium) – "Leaf". Once again, a double name, "strelolistnaya boom."