Wolf Bast (Daphne Volchnik Ordinary) — Daphne Mezereum L.

Shrub 30-120 cm leaves are thin, obratnolantset in kind, tapering to short petioles, are located at the ends of the shoots. The flowers are small, pink or cherry, rarely white, sit close to the stem, fragrant, appear in April before leafing. Fruit — drupe, juicy, bright red or orange-red, densely sit at the ends of the shoots below the crowded leaves, ripen in late July. Wolf's bark is common in the forests of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, growing on forest edges and in damp places, large shrubs not formed.

The whole plant, especially the fruit and bark, very toxic. It contains a substance mezerein, which has a strong stimulating effect. For fatal poisoning adult enough 10-20 fruits. The victim there is burning in the mouth, it is hard to swallow, there are severe pain in the stomach, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps dizziness, general weakness.

Poisoning even with time begun treatment often results in death. Recently, the risk of poisoning the fruit of this plant has increased because of the enthusiasm buckthorn, which looks like a wolf bark. You have to know that the fruits are always wolves bark only on leafless branches, and different parts of the red. Dangerously disrupt flowering branches wolves bark for a bouquet. They crushed and twisted, but come off easily. Under no circumstances should one try to chew off a branch with his teeth — the juice of the plant is very poisonous, has a strong irritating effect on the skin, especially it is dangerous if it enters the eyes and mouth, as it causes ulceration of the mucosa.


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