Annuals, 25-100 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia.
Contain alkaloids and 1.2% in the seeds of C. regalis Gray (among them nordnterpenovye alkaloids (Desai, Pelletier, 1998), flavonoids (including anthocyanins) glntsity, as well as phenolic acids and fatty acids established structure. Allocated fixed oil to 40.3% Seed C. orientalis (J. Gay) Schrodinger, tannins to 1.9% from the leaves of C. regalis. discovered vitamin C.
Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to th action — a diuretic — flowers of C. orientalis, Hopes. Part C. regalis, astringent, cholagogue, tonic-leaves, wound healing, obstetrical — Hopes. Part C. regalis, anthelminthic — flowers C. orientalis. Indications — infections / infestations: the lice — the seeds of S. ajacis (L.) Schur, S. regalis, scabies — seeds, whooping oversight. CS regalis; respiratory system: pneumonia — Hopes. hours, bronchial asthma, cough — the leaves, seeds, S. regalis; diseases of the digestive system: the diseases of the stomach, intestines, liver — Hopes. h; pain: for headache — Hopes. h, eye disease: conjunctivitis — Hopes. h, kidney and urinary tract: in diseases of the urinary tract — Hopes. hours, diseases of the reproductive system: with amenorrhea — flowers, symptoms and syndromes: with ascites — S. regalis.
In the experiment, C. orientalis, C. regalis exhibit antibacterial activity.
Toxicity. Toxic: S. regalis; exhibit insecticidal activity: S. ajacis, S. regalis.
Materials. Dyeing for Silk (blue, purple) flowers C. orientalis, C. regalis, cotton, wool (yellow) flowers C. orientalis. Melliferous. C. orientalis, C. regalis (also perganosnoe). Stern. C. orientalis.
Environmental significance. Ornamental: S. ajacis S. divaricata (Ledeb.) Schrodinger, C. orientalis, C. regalis.