Herbaceous perennials, biennials least 5-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain flavonoids, triterpenoids, tsnklitoly, glitsigy, carbohydrates, nitrogen Comm., And phenolic glycosides and aromatic aldehydes established structure. Marked fatty oil to 18.3% of the fruits S. hispanica L., rubber. Detected alkaloids, fatty acids, vitamins B2, C
Medicinal. Therapeutic action — expectorant, laxative — Subtitle. h S. humilis L., wound healing, diaphoretic — S. humilis, antipyretic — Subtitle. hours, lactogenic (Veterinary) — S. hispanica. II of Punishment — diseases of the digestive system: the gastric colic — leaves, buds S. austriaca Willd., diseases of the digestive system — S. purpurea L., gastroenteritis — Subtitle. h S. austriaca, S. radiata Fisch. ex Ledeb., gepatoholetsis-Tite, cholangitis — leaves, buds S. austriaca; oral disease: with stomatitis — Subtitle. h S. austriaca; symptoms and syndromes: in fevers — Subtitle. h S. hispanica; poisoning: the bite of snakes — Subtitle. h S. hispanica, Subtitle. hours, leaves S. humilis; infections / infestations: the rage — S. purpurea; diseases of the nervous system: the nervous diseases, diseases of the cardiovascular system: the heart disease, pain: for toothache — Subtitle. h S. humilis; tumors: breast cancer — Subtitle. h S. albicaulis Bunge1.
In the experiment, leaves S. mollis M. Bieb., S. parviflora Jacq. exhibit antibacterial activity.
Food. Vegetable: Subtitle. hours, leaves, substitute kskre: Subtitle. h S. hispanica.
Stern. For large and small cattle: S. austriaca, S. hispanica, S. purpurea; substitute traditional food of silkworm: S. hispanica.
Melliferous. S. hispanica.