Hot summer adversely affected the crops of grain in the Volgograd region: drought has destroyed half the crop, the affected areas are given financial assistance.
"Adverse of agrometeorological conditions in June and July this year in the Volgograd region. There are four of dangerous phenomena, soil and atmospheric drought, dry winds and the complex of these adverse events, "- told the" Caucasian Knot "Acting Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture and Food Administration of the Volgograd region Georgy Volkolupov.
Changeable winters and hot summers stable
Volkolupov reported that total cereal crops (winter and spring) totaled 2.156 million hectares. Of them as a result of adverse weather conditions in winter killed 446,300 hectares of winter (in January it rained five days, after which the land was covered with a crust). By 3 August because of drought killed crops on an area 517,600 hectares. Currently grain harvested area is less than 1.2 million hectares. Drought daily continues to reduce crop yields.
Total losses from the drought in the region are estimated at 3.6 billion.
As reported earlier by the "Caucasian Knot", in relation to the harsh climatic conditions in the Lower Volga Region on July 5 in the region of emergency was declared. At the regional administration had created an office to combat the effects of drought.
Total losses from the drought in the region are estimated at 3.6 billion. While total expenses were not reimbursed 1.8 billion. Suffered most Pallasovsky (43.4 hectares), Staropoltavsky (37,6000 ha), Michael (35 thousand hectares), Zhirnovsky (29,9000 ha), Rudnyansky (26 thousand hectares) and Kamyshin (24.4 hectares) areas.
"I promise to compensate for the loss of the winter we have on the federal budget and have not received – said George Volkolupov. – The regional budget was allocated 50 million rubles. But this is clearly not enough. "
Help is expected from districts
According Volkolupova, autumn sowing may not take place if the drought last another month. "For autumn sowing identified 1.6 million hectares under winter crops. There are a couple. But now, the moisture in the vapor is minimal. North is possible only if there is sufficient moisture in the soil, "- he said.
However, according to the head of the Committee, the region will be able to provide themselves with seeds, despite significant losses from drought. In some regions, managed to save the crops, and crop yields in some farms reached 20 tons per hectare. Seed requirements in the area is 33 500 tons. Economy is able to provide 44 000 tonnes. "The issue of the region's seed resolved. A list of households willing to provide seeds, "- he said.
Also, he said, there is a positive balance and forage. Drought-affected areas of the region will not feel they lack by providing them from the neighboring districts of the region.
However, according to Volokolupova, the situation in the agricultural sector is compounded by high prices for diesel fuel. He reported on July 1, "Lukoil" raised the cost of fuel from 14,850 to 17,820 rubles per ton – 20%. Regional government managed to convince sellers of diesel fuel to reduce its cost 16,200 rubles. per ton.
"Still, the price is very high – said Volkolupov. – It must be lowered at least to a level of 14 850 rubles. "
Livestock and Quarantine
Meanwhile, according to Volkolupova, Fruit and Vegetable situation is not so critical. This, he explained, due to the fact that the regional administration was able to negotiate a moratorium on off pump stations to ensure irrigation of agricultural land – no disruption of over watering was not.
In addition, the "well experienced" drought livestock area, the head of the Committee on Agriculture and Food. "Of course, it fell productivity (production of milk, eggs, meat), but the stock, although not significantly, but increased. For example, the number of cattle in comparison with January 1, 2010 increased by 4%, "- he said.
Volkolupov added that "the governor has set us the task to take all measures to ensure that the livestock in the region have declined."
According Volkolupova, the production index in the Volgograd region, despite the drought, was one of the highest in Russia – it was 115%.
Particular threat to livestock in the region is African swine fever, which spread to Kotelnikovsky, Serafimovichesky Kumylzhensky areas and areas of neighboring Rostov region.
"For two years we kept the defense. And the disease has penetrated us – lamented George Volkolupov. – People of import of contaminated meat in cars and in bags. It was hard to keep the situation under control. "
Regional officials said that in all areas of quarantine measures are being undertaken. Duty police and Cossack warriors. Defined dangerous stokilometrovaya zone. Staff acts to combat this dangerous disease. From the reserve fund was allocated 8 million to compensate the owners of destroyed animals. As noted Volkolupov, the compensation, "for obvious reasons", will be below the market value of the meat.
"If the situation gets out of hand, then the region is facing big troubles – warned George Volkolupov. – All livestock have to be destroyed. Area will be closed for the export of meat, grain, vegetable production. " He also voiced the unofficial data on losses from slaughter pigs in the Rostov region. They amounted to 8 billion rubles.
250 million – the drought victims
Deputy Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture and Food Vitaly Tseplyaev reported that in August, will be offset by the cost of agricultural producers in the region for the purchase of fertilizers. For this purpose, he said, was allocated 57 million rubles. Plan to enroll an additional 70 million. Will also be compensated for electricity and cost overruns on irrigation pumping stations. For these purposes will be allocated 47 million rubles.
From the regional budget will also be sent to 250 million rubles in compensation payments to farmers affected by the drought.
"At one hectare" dead "area rate of compensation will be 500 rubles, – said Vitaly cling. – That should be enough to farmers for the purchase of fuel and lubricants, seeds, parts for the autumn planting season. "
Earlier, the "Caucasian Knot" reported that the budget of the Volgograd region to recover damages from the drought farmers will be allocated 200 million rubles.
Note prolonged drought destroy crops in southern Russia, in some regions, maintained a state of emergency. Thus, in the Astrakhan region died cereals, vegetables and melons, potatoes and forage crops on an area of 3.850 hectares. In Kalmykia died agricultural crops on the area 24.6 thousand hectares.
Source: Caucasian Knot