Perennial herb with short rhizomes and lobe white roots. The above-ground part consists of a rosette of leaves and out of their sinuses leafless flowering shooter height of 10-30 cm, ending with a thick cylindrical spike inflorescence. Leaves broadly ovate, up to 20 cm and a width of 10 cm, with long petioles and well marked on the leaf blade arcuate veins, usually naked or slightly toothed, with more prominent teeth at the bottom of the sheet. Bracts membranous, keeled, ovate or elliptical, the average calyx. Calyx chetyrehrazdelnym, sepals 1.5-2.5 mm long, the same species as the bracts. The flowers are small, inconspicuous. Corolla scarious, brownish, with a cylindrical tube and chetyrehrazdelnym limb, its share ovate or ovate-lanceolate, reflexed. Fruits — ovate (rarely subglobose) boxes. In each box to 34 seeds. The seeds are small, about 1 mm long, flattened and often angular. It flowers from June to autumn fruits respectively ripen at different times, starting in July.
Widespread species in all regions of Eurasia, is listed on other continents. In Russia, found throughout the territory. In Central Russia ordinary plant in all areas.
It grows in vacant lots, in communities, in field and forest roads (hence the name), field edges, in gardens, orchards, meadows, forest edges, clearings. This undemanding plant has received surprisingly exact name. Indeed, for some path or dirt road you go, you meet at every step along the ground flattened broadly ovate leaves of plantain.
Plantain leaves have long been the medical use as healing wounds. They are applied to wounds, scratches, ulcers, abscesses, boils. They possess antimicrobial activity, so help cleanse wounds from pathogenic organisms. Pharmaceutical plants of plantain leaves produce the drug "Plantaglyutsid" for the treatment of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease and stomach ulcers.