Ribbed light gray trunk is thick, dark-green crown. Dense pointed ovate leaves on short stalks appear depressed on top of the corrugated ribs. It flowers in May — June, along with foliage. Male and female flowers are collected separately in drooping catkins. The fruits appear in mid-summer, but finally ripen until late autumn, it odiognezdnye, one-seeded, slightly flattened ribbed nuts, sitting at the base of the enlarged three-lobed leaf cupule. Seedheads in autumn fall and often remain on the tree all winter.
Extended to the west of the European part of Russia, the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova. It grows in mixed stands with beech, oak and other species. Under the canopy of oak forms a shady canopy.
It grows slowly, but every year gives a large number of seeds and'' well propagated shoots, so after felling oak wood oak hornbeam sometimes displaces and forms pure stands. Usually live up to 100-150 years, but occasionally there are trees at the age of 300-400 years. Enough winter-resistant H in culture found much east and north of its range.
Of grayish-white solid wood make handles for tools, shuttles for looms, it is also the fuel and makes good charcoal. Grab easily withstand pruning, planting it in a decorative crown sometimes give a sphere, cube. In forestry, is valued as a steady companion oak.