Shrubs, bushes up to 2 m high. Distribution: European part (except the north), the Caucasus, Western n Eastern Siberia and the Far East.
Contain flavonoids to 5.4% in oversight. CS frutex (L.) K. Koch (including isoflavones in H), coumarins (including furokumariny), steroids (including phytosterols), carbohydrates, and higher fatty acid established structure. Marked tannins to 7.8% from the leaves of C. jubata (Pall.) Poir, fatty oil to 15.8% NZ seed C. arborescens Lam., Essential oil. Detected alkaloids, saponins, phenolic acids, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action – protivovospalitelnoe1 – S. microphylla Lam., C. pygmaea (L) DC, wood S. jubata, sedative – branches S. jubata, bracing – Subtitle. h (bark) S. ussuriensis (Regel) Pojark., fever, wound healing – the branches (bark), leaves of C. microphylla. Indications – diseases of the digestive system: the giposekretor-dimensional gastritis, stomach cramps, diarrhea, belching – the seeds of C. microphylla, diseases of the digestive system – the branches of S. jubata, pecheni2, heartburn – Subtitle. hours, branches C. arborescens; diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with scrofula – S. frutex, branch C. arborescens, seeds S. pigmaea, skin diseases – Subtitle. hours,
S. branch jubata, dermatoses – seeds, branches, S. microphylla, diathesis – branches S. pygmaea; endocrine diseases: diabetes diabete1 – branches C. pyg-maea; diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthritis, scoliosis – the seeds of C. microphylla; disease of the reproductive system: with amenorrhea, leykoree – Subtitle. h (bark) S. ussuriensis, inflammatory diseases of the mucous membranes of the genitals – the branches of S. jubata; kidney and urinary tract: in anuria – the seeds of C. microphylla, kidney disease – wood S. jubata; diseases of the cardiovascular system: the atherosclerosis – Subtitle. hours, branches C. arborescens, seeds S. pygmaea, hypertension – branch C. jubata; symptoms and syndromes: with ascites – seeds S. microphylla, flowers of C. pygmaea, swelling of limbs, vomiting, hiccups, hypoxia – the seeds of C. microphylla , fevers – S. pygmaea; respiratory system: respiratory infections – Subtitle. h (bark) C. arborescens, Subtitle. hours, branches S. jubata; infections / infestations: the flu – Subtitle. hours, branches S. jubata; oral disease: with stomatitis, diseases of the ear, nose and throat: laryngitis, nervous system diseases: radiculitis, psychiatric illness: insomnia – the branches of S. jubata; pain: for headache; metabolic diseases: gout, diseases of the immune system: rheumatism – seeds S. microphylla; injuries: fractures – Subtitle. Part C. pygmaea.
In the experiment of Hopes. Part C. pygmaea has gastroprotektivnymi properties; tincture timber C. jubata – stressprotektivnymi; oversight. Part C. arborescens, C. frutex, C. grandiflora (M. Bieb.) DC, C. jubata, S. microphylla exhibit antibacterial activity, oversight. CS jubata – antiviral against influenza viruses in Hong Kong, parainfluenza type 3 and PC; alcoholic extract of seeds ussuriensis C has antioxidant properties.
Food. Salad: Bud C. arborescens.
Stern. For large and small cattle, deer, horses C. arborescens, C. frutex, S. microphylla, C. pygmaea, birds seeds C. arborescens.
Melliferous. C. arborescens, C. frutex, S. jubata, S. pygmaea.
Materials. For the manufacture of handicrafts: Wood C. arborescens, C. frutex; cooperage, pletenochnyh products: wood C. arborescens; dyeing fabric (brown, dirty-green) leaves, seeds C. arborescens, wool (blue): leaves S. frutex.
Environmental significance. Pochvoukreplyayuschee: C. arborescens, C. frutex, S. pygmaea; decorative: C. arborescens, C. frutex, S. microphylla, C. pygmaea, C. ussuriensis.